A commercial astronaut is a person trained to command, pilot, or serve as a crew member of a privately funded spacecraft.
The criteria for determining who has achieved human spaceflight vary. The FAI defines spaceflight as any flight over 100 kilometres (62 mi) of altitude. In the United States, professional, military, and commercial astronauts who travel above an altitude of 80 kilometres (50 mi) are eligible to purchase astronaut wings. Until 2003, professional space travelers were sponsored and trained exclusively by governments, either by the military or by civilian space agencies. However, with the first sub-orbital flight of the privately-funded Scaled Composites Tier One in 2004, the commercial astronaut category was created.
FAA Commercial Astronaut rating
With the advent of private commercial space flight ventures in the U.S., the FAA has been faced with the task of developing a certification process for the pilots of commercial spacecraft. The Commercial Space Launch Act of 1984 established the FAA's Office of Commercial Space Transportation and required companies to obtain a launch license for vehicles, but at the time manned commercial flight - and the licensing of crewmembers - was not considered. The Commercial Space Launch Amendments Act has led to the issuance of draft guidelines by the FAA in February 2005 for the administration of vehicle and crew certifications. Currently, the FAA has not issued formal regulatory guidance for the issuance of a Commercial Astronaut Certificate, but as an interim measure, has established the practice of awarding "Commercial Astronaut Wings" to commercial pilots who have demonstrated the requisite proficiency.
- Astronauts for Hire
- List of private spaceflight companies
- Pilot certification in the United States
- Private spaceflight
- Space Adventures
- Space colonization
- Space tourism
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Astronaut Badge — Awarded by United States Type Badge Awarded … Wikipedia
Astronaut — For other uses, see Astronaut (disambiguation). Cosmonaut redirects here. For other uses, see Cosmonaut (disambiguation). Astronaut Bruce McCandless II using a Manned Maneuvering Unit outside the United States Space Shuttle Challenger in 1984. An … Wikipedia
Astronaut Badge — Unter dem Begriffen Astronaut Badge oder Astronaut Wings (deutsch etwa Astronautenabzeichen bzw. Astronautenschwingen) versteht man eine Gruppe von US amerikanischen Symbolen und Abzeichen, die zur Kennzeichnung von militärischen und zivilen… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Commercial Spaceflight Federation — Type Non profit Trade Association Founded 2005 Location Washington D.C. Key people Er … Wikipedia
Astronaut: Moon, Mars and Beyond — is the title of a massively multiplayer online game (MMO) which as of November 25, 2009 (2009 11 25)[update], is being developed by NASA with Project Whitecard Inc., WisdomTools Enterprises and the Virtual Heroes division of Applied Research … Wikipedia
Astronaut (album) — Infobox Album | Name = Astronaut Type = Album Artist = Duran Duran Released = October 11, 2004 Recorded = Sphere Studios, London, 2001 2004 Genre = Rock, Alternative, new wave Length = 49:52 Label = Epic Producer = Duran Duran, Don Gilmore, Nile… … Wikipedia
astronaut — Synonyms and related words: Martian, adventurer, aeronaut, aeroplaner, aeroplanist, air pilot, airplanist, alien, alpinist, aviator, barnstormer, birdman, camper, captain, climber, cloud seeder, comers and goers, commercial pilot, commuter,… … Moby Thesaurus
Astronaute commercial — Un astronaute commercial (anglais : commercial astronaut) est une personne formée à commander, piloter, ou servir en tant que membre d équipage d un véhicule spatial à financement privé. Deux astronautes commerciaux sont à date de mars 2011… … Wikipédia en Français
NASA Astronaut Corps — The NASA Astronaut Corps is a unit of the United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) that selects, trains, and provides astronauts as crew members for U.S. and international space missions. Contents 1 History 2… … Wikipedia
The Astronaut Farmer — Infobox Film name = The Astronaut Farmer image size = caption = The promotional one sheet poster. director = Michael Polish producer = Len Amato Mark Polish Michael Polish Paula Weinstein writer = Mark Polish Michael Polish starring = Billy Bob… … Wikipedia