- Knoxville College
name = Knoxville College
established = December 16, 1875
type = Private,
president = Robert Harvey (acting)
city = Knoxville
country = USA
campus = Urban
mascot = Bulldogs
website = [http://www.knoxvillecollege.edu www.knoxvillecollege.edu]
Knoxville College is a historically black college in Mechanicsville, Knoxville,
Tennessee, founded in 1875 by the United Presbyterian Church of North America. At first it offered educationin grades 1 through 12 to prepare freedmenfor higher education; by 1931 the high school-level Academywas disbanded, leaving Knoxville College a four-year institution of higher education. Knoxville College is a United Negro College Fundmember school.
In 1862, the Reverend O.S. McKee, under the auspices of the Freedmen's Mission of the
United Presbyterian Church, founded the McKee Schoolin Nashville, the first organized school for Negroes in Tennessee. The church soon established similar missionary schoolsfor blacks in Mississippi, Louisiana, Alabama, and Georgia.
In 1872, the General Assembly of the church resolved to discontinue support of the schools in order to establish a college where blacks might prepare for ministerial and teaching careers. Two years later, the church selected Knoxville to be the site of the college as the black residents of the city expressed interest in education and the city was strategically located between existent centers of black education, Nashville and
In 1875, Knoxville College began operation in a former freedmen's elementary school. The following year, the college moved to a permanent location on a hill northwest of and overlooking downtown Knoxville. In 1878, only 174 of the student population studied on a level equivalent to or above that of a college freshman.
During the 1880s, black legislators obtained state scholarships for military cadets at the college. During 1890–1909, the college served as the Industrial Department for black students of the
University of Tennesseein order to acquire funds for the scientific and industrial education of blacks, authorized by the Second Morrill Act.
In 1914, the
College of Arts and Scienceswas established. From 1920 to 1950, the normal schoolwas emphasized giving to the school the distinction of being the leading supplier of teachers to black schools in East Tennessee. Since 1950, the College of Arts and Sciences has been emphasized including the implementation of community service programs and dramatic productions.
In 1954, the college charter was amended in order to allow formally the admission of white students, although the children of some white faculty members had previously attended the college. In 1957, the college was one of the first group of predominantly black institutions admitted to full membership in the
Southern Association of Colleges and Schools(SACS). In 1979, the church deeded the title for the college property to the Board of Trusteesof the college.
Accreditation loss and legal issues
In 1997, the
Southern Association of Colleges and Schoolsremoved Knoxville College's accreditation. In August 2005, the Board of Directors fired the college president, Barbara Hatton.
"The Tennessean" newspaper article
The July 6, 2006 edition of "
The Tennessean" newspaper, based in Nashville, Tennessee, reported a reversal of fortune. The article outlined that a year earlier, the college was down to about 130 students, couldn't pay its faculty or electric bills and was drowning in debt. However, according to the report, enrollment was rebounding with more than 400 students accepted for the 2006 Fall semester from more than 700 applicants. The faculty was being paid, the lights are back on, and the college's debts had been cut by about two-thirds, down more than $2 million.
"Oh, let me tell you it's the best problem in the world", Will Minter, an
Oak Ridge National Laboratoryofficial helping as a development strategist and fundraiser for the college, said of enrollment growth. "I'm happy to have one where we're overloaded."
"We are miles ahead of where we were a year ago", said Ronald Damper, a Chicago businessman and chairman of Knoxville College's Board of Trustees. "We've had outstanding success in getting assistance from a number of people to get us to this point. The community has embraced the college."
The Knoxville College Alumni Association, according to the article, was reportedly in the middle of a $1 million fundraising effort, while the college was engaged in a $2.5 million "Road to Success" campaign. Administrators said the college had paid down $2 million in debt, but still was $1 million behind.
On February 19, 2007, Colston Hall (men's dormitory) caught fire. As a result of the fire two rooms were destroyed with smoke damage throughout the building. Knoxville Fire Department investigators determined that the fire was accidental and was not due to an electrical problem. [cite news|first=J.J.|last=Stambaugh|authorlink=|author=|coauthors=|title=College seeks help after dorm blaze|url=http://www.knoxnews.com/kns/local_news/article/0,1406,KNS_347_5364201,00.html|format= |work=Knoxville News Sentinel|publisher=|location=|id=|pages=|page=|date=2007-02-20 |accessdate=2008-05-30|language=|quote=|archiveurl=|archivedate= ] [cite news |first=Darren|last=Dunlap|authorlink=|author=|coauthors=|title=Work begins on dorm damaged by blaze|url=http://www.knoxnews.com/kns/local_news/article/0,1406,KNS_347_5368839,00.html|format=|work=Knoxville News Sentinel|publisher=|location=|id=|pages=|page=|date=2007-02-22|accessdate=2008-05-30|language=|quote=|archiveurl=|archivedate=]
name =Knoxville College Historic District
nrhp_type = hd
May 1, 1980
governing_body = The campus of Knoxville College is located on 39 acres, situated north of downtown Knoxville, in the city's
Mechanicsvillecommunity. Its 17-building campus continues to be the primary institution for minority students in East Tennessee.
In 1989, Knoxville acquired the two-year
Morristown Collegein Morristown, Tennessee, which became Knoxville College-Morristown. The two-year school closed in 1994.
Knoxville College in partnership with the Pilot Gas station located adjacent to the campus (at the corner of Western Avenue and Middlebrook Pike), is revitalizing the Knoxville College Historic District.
* [http://www.knoxvillecollege.edu/ www.knoxvillecollege.edu] -- Official web site
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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