Oculoplastics

Oculoplastics, or oculoplastic surgery, includes a wide variety of surgical procedures that deal with the orbit (eye socket), eyelids, tear ducts, and the face.[1] It also deals with the reconstruction of the eye and associated structures.

Contents

Training

Oculoplastic surgeons (ophthalmic plastic surgeons) are ophthalmologists (eye surgeons) who complete 1–2 years of additional fellowship training following their ophthalmology residency. Other types of surgeons may be trained in oculoplastic procedures, including some Plastic surgeons, some Oral and maxillofacial surgeons, and some Otolaryngologists.

Oculoplastic procedures

Oculoplastic surgeons perform procedures such as the repair of droopy eyelids (blepharoplasty), repair of tear duct obstructions, orbital fracture repairs, removal of tumors in and around the eyes, eyelid reconstruction and facial rejuvenation procedures including laser skin resurfacing, eye lifts, brow lifts, and facelifts.

Eyelid surgery

An oculoplastic surgeon performing revisional eyelid surgery.

Entropion, ectropion, ptosis, and eyelid tumors are commonly treated by various forms of eyelid surgery.[2]

Surgery involving the lacrimal apparatus

    • DCR (Dacryocystorhinostomy) for Tearing
    • Canaliculodacryocystostomy is a surgical correction for a congenitally blocked tear duct in which the closed segment is excised and the open end is joined to the lacrimal sac.[4][5]
    • Canaliculotomy involves slitting of the lacrimal punctum and canaliculus for the relief of epiphora[4]
    • A dacryoadenectomy is the surgical removal of a lacrimal gland.[4]
    • A dacryocystectomy is the surgical removal of a part of the lacrimal sac.[4]
    • A dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) or dacryocystorhinotomy is a procedure to restore the flow of tears into the nose from the lacrimal sac when the nasolacrimal duct does not function.[4][6]
    • A dacryocystostomy is an incision into the lacrimal sac, usually to promote drainage.[4]
    • A dacryocystotomy is an incision into the lacrimal sac.[4]

Eye removal

    • An enucleation is the removal of the eye leaving the eye muscles and remaining orbital contents intact.[7]
    • An evisceration is the removal of the eye's contents, leaving the scleral shell intact. Usually performed to reduce pain in a blind eye.[8]
    • An exenteration is the removal of the entire orbital contents, including the eye, extraocular muscles, fat, and connective tissues; usually for malignant orbital tumors.[9]

Orbital Reconstruction

  • Ocular prosthetics (artificial eyes)
  • Orbital prosthesis (artificial replacement of the eye and eyelids within the discipline of Anaplastology) for an extenterated orbit.
  • Orbital decompression for Grave's Disease

Other

See also

References

  1. ^ ""Oculoplastics" EyeMDLink.com". http://www.eyemdlink.com/EyeProcedure.asp?EyeProcedureID=4. Retrieved September 23, 2006. 
  2. ^ ""Eyelid Surgery."". Indiana University Department of Ophthalmology. Archived from the original on April 2, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070402224631/http://www.iupui.edu/~ophthal/html/eyes_eyelidesurgery.html. Retrieved October 19, 2006. 
  3. ^ "Surgery Encyclopedia - Blepharoplasty". http://www.surgeryencyclopedia.com/A-Ce/Blepharoplasty.html. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Cline D; Hofstetter HW; Griffin JR. Dictionary of Visual Science. 4th ed. Butterworth-Heinemann, Boston 1997. ISBN 0-7506-9895-0
  5. ^ Cherkunov BF, Lapshina AV. "Canaliculodacryocystostomy in obstruction of medial end of the lacrimal duct." Oftalmol Zh. 1976;31(7):544-8. PMID 1012635.
  6. ^ Indiana University Department of Ophthalmology. "Lacrimal Drainage Surgery (DCR: Dacryocystorhinostomy)." Retrieved August 18, 2006
  7. ^ "Surgery Encyclopedia - Enucleation". http://www.surgeryencyclopedia.com/Ce-Fi/Enucleation-Eye.html. 
  8. ^ Cassin, B. and Solomon, S. Dictionary of Eye Terminology. Gainsville, Florida: Triad Publishing Company, 1990.
  9. ^ "Surgery Encyclopedia - Exenteration". http://www.surgeryencyclopedia.com/Ce-Fi/Exenteration.html. 
  10. ^ "Browplasty". http://www.emedicine.com/ent/topic100.htm. 

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