- Silhara dynasty
HinduSilhara dynasty ruled the region around present-day Mumbaibetween 810and 1240.
They were split into three branches; one branch ruled North
Konkan, the second South Konkan (between 765to 1029), while the third ruled what is now known as modern districts of Satara, Kolhapur and Belgaon between 940to 1215after which they were overwhelmed by the Chalukya. [cite web
title=Nasik History - Ancient Period
publisher=State Government of Maharashtra
The dynasty originally began as vassals of the
Rashtrakutadynasty which ruled the Deccanplateau between the 8th and 10th centuries. Govinda II, a Rashtrakutaking, conferred the kingdom of North Konkan (modern districts of Thane, Mumbai and Raigad) on Kapardin ( Sanskrit: Wearing the kaparda, a peculiar braid or knot of hair - also a term for Hindu god Shiva) I, founder of the Northern Silhara family, around 800. Since then North Konkan came to be known as Kapardi-dvipa or Kavadidvipa. The capital of this branch was Puri, now known as Rajapur in the Raigad District.
The dynasty bore the title of "Tagara-puradhishvara", which indicates that they originally hailed from Tagara (modern Ter in the
Around 1343 the island of
Salsette, and eventually the whole archipelago, passed to the Muzaffarid dynasty. Shilaharas of Southern Maharashtraat Kolhapur was the latest of the three and was founded about the time of downfall of the Rashtrakuta Empire.
A number of ancient monuments in
Mumbaipay tribute to this dynasty's prowess:
Walkeshwar Templeand the Banganga Tankwere built during the reign of Chittaraja, a king of this dynasty [ [http://www.gsbkonkani.net/TEMPLES/BANGANGA%20SHRI%20WALKESHWAR.htm Banganga, Walkeshwar history] ] .
* The Ambarnath temple, also near Mumbai, was also built by Chittaraja in
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