Newgate Prison, Dublin
Front elevation by Robert Pool
General information Type Prison Location 'Little Green' (St. Michan's Park), Dublin. Construction started 1773 Completed 1783 Demolished 1893 Design and construction Architect Thomas Cooley
Newgate Prison was a place of detention in Dublin until its closure in 1863. It was initially located at Cornmarket, near Christ Church Cathedral, on the south side of the Liffey, and was originally one of the city gates.
From city gate to prison
The exact date of construction of the New Gate is uncertain but it is recorded in 1188. From 1485 this city gate, which marked the western boundary, was used as Dublin's main prison. It was one hundred and eighty feet south of another gate, 'Brown's Castle', which would also become a place of detention known as the Black Dog.
18th century relocation
Between 1773 and 1781, a new prison designed by Thomas Cooley was built to replace the earlier ruined prison. It was relocated to 'Little Green', present-day St. Michan's Park near Smithfield, and officially retained the old name. The new building was badly located and adequate sewerage could not be installed. There were also security concerns as the rear wall of the cells was also the site boundary wall. While there are no reports of successful escapes via this route, it was raised by Inspectors as an obvious design deficiency. The prison was also badly administrated, with all classes of prisoners mingled together, up to 14 in a single cell. After inspections in the early 19th century some improvements were provided.
By the 1840s it was used solely for the holding of remand prisoners, both male and female, usually for a period between a few days and three weeks. On conviction and before sentencing the men were transferred to Richmond Bridewell and the women to Grangegorman-lane Prison. When visited by one of the Prison Inspectors in 1843 there were "30 Males, 9 Females and 11 Lunatics" confined there, but this was considerably less than the average of 100 usually kept there. They were accommodated in 62 cells, 4 dark 'solitary cells', 9 day-rooms, a chapel, 4 small rooms used as a hospital and a number of rooms previously used to hold debtors. There was no laundry or kitchen, the food consisting of bread and milk only. It was staffed by a Governor, Deputy Governor, Clerk, Schoolmaster and ten 'Turnkeys'. The prison finally closed in 1863, from which time until its demolition in 1893 it was used as a fruit and vegetable market. The outline of some of the Newgate Prison foundations are still visible at St. Michan's Park.
- ^ Gilbert, John Thomas (1854). A history of the city of Dublin. 1. J. McGlashan. p. 257. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=biUpAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA257&dq=%22from+the+latter+part+of+the+fifteenth+century+the+New-gate+was+used+as+the+town+prison+of+Dublin%22&cd=1#v=onepage&q=%22from%20the%20latter%20part%20of%20the%20fifteenth%20century%20the%20New-gate%20was%20used%20as%20the%20town%20prison%20of%20Dublin%22&f=false. Retrieved 12/06/2010.
- ^ Dalton: A New Picture of Dublin, Dublin, 1835. p. 169
- ^ Inspectors General of Prisons, Ireland (1843). NINTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE POOR LAW COMMISSIONERS, WITH APPENDICES. 1 of 16 (9 ed.). HM Stationary Office. pp. 14 to 16. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=6xFcAAAAQAAJ&pg=RA1-PA14&dq=%22this+old+Gaol+has+for+some+years+been+only+used+for+the+untried%22&cd=1#v=onepage&q=%22this%20old%20Gaol%20has%20for%20some%20years%20been%20only%20used%20for%20the%20untried%22&f=false. Retrieved 11/06/2010.
- DUBLIN HISTORICAL RECORD, VOL. VIII, No.3 JUNE-AUGUST, 1946 , The little Green ,PART I , By Thos. King Moylan
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Newgate Prison — For the Irish prison of the same name, see Newgate Prison, Dublin. For the prison in East Granby, Connecticut, see Old Newgate Prison. Newgate, the old city gate and prison … Wikipedia
Archdiocese of Dublin — Dublin † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Dublin (DUBLINIUM; DUBLINENSIS). Archdiocese; occupies about sixty miles of the middle eastern coast of Ireland, and penetrates inland, about forty six miles, including all the County of Dublin,… … Catholic encyclopedia
List of jail and prison museums — Eastern State Penitentiary in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. Museums have been created from many former jails and prisons. Some old jails converted into museums are listed under the original name … Wikipedia
Lord Edward FitzGerald — Infobox Military Person name=Lord Edward FitzGerald lived=15 October 1763 death date and age|1798|6|4|1763|10|15 caption= nickname= placeofbirth=Carton House, Dublin, Ireland placeofdeath=Newgate Prison, Dublin allegiance= flagicon|United Kingdom … Wikipedia
List of prisons — This page provides a list of prisons by country. Algeria*Serkadji prisonAustralia: For prisons in Australia, see list of Australian Prisons and Detention Centres Australian Capital Territory * Belconnen Remand Centre * Periodic Detention Centre… … Wikipedia
DUFFY, Sir Charles Gavan (1816-1903) — Irish patriot and premier of Victoria was born in Monaghan, Ireland, on 12 April 1816. His father, John Duffy, was a prosperous shopkeeper, his mother was a daughter of Patrick Gavan, a gentleman farmer. At nine years of age Duffy heard his… … Dictionary of Australian Biography
List of Acts of Parliament of the United Kingdom Parliament, 1840-1859 — This is an incomplete list of Acts of the Parliament of the United Kingdom for the years 1840 1859. For acts passed prior to 1707 see List of Acts of Parliament of the English Parliament and List of Acts of Parliament of the Scottish… … Wikipedia
Irish Confessors and Martyrs — • The period covered by this article embraces that between the years 1540 and (approximately) 1713 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Irish Confessors and Martyrs Irish Confessors and Martyrs … Catholic encyclopedia
John Mitchel — (Irish: Seán Mistéil; b.November 3, 1815 ndash; d. March 20, 1875) was an Irish nationalist activist, solicitor and political journalist. Born in Camnish, near Dungiven, County Londonderry, Ireland he became a leading Member of both Young Ireland … Wikipedia
Pádraig Ó Domhnaill — Pádraig Mhícheál Airt Ó Domhnaill or Patrick O Donnell, (born 1835, Gweedore, County Donegal, died 17 December 1883, London) was responsible for killing James Carey, leader of the group that carried out the Phoenix Park Murders in Dublin, Ireland … Wikipedia