Infobox Military Structure
name= Royal Air Force Station Wendling
USAAF Station 118
location= Located Near
East Dereham, Norfolk, England
caption= Aerial Photo of Wendling Airfield - 30 March 1946
type= Military Airfield
United States Army Air Forces
Eighth Air Force
occupants=392nd Bombardment Group
European Theatre of World War II
Air Offensive, Europe July 1942 - May 1945 Location map|Norfolk
lat = 52.70
long = 0.84
caption = Map showing the location of RAF Wendling within Norfolk.
float = right
background = white
width = 200
RAF Wendling is a former
World War IIairfield in England. The field is located convert|4|mi|km SE of East Derehamand north of the A47 trunk road in Norfolk.
Wendling airfield was originally planned for RAF Bomber Command use, however in 1942 was assigned as a
United States Army Air Forceheavy bomber installation. It was the most northerly placed of Eighth Air Forceheavy bomber fields. Planned originally for RAF bomber use, and built by Taylor-Woodrow Ltd., in 1942, the airfield featured a convert|6000|ft|m|sing=on long main runway angled on a NE-SW as and two intersecting convert|4200|ft|m long secondary runways, all within a perimeter track and constructed in reinforced concrete.
Another twenty hardstands (loop type) were added to the thirty of the frying-pan type when the airfield was re-scheduled as a
Eighth Air Forceheavy bomber station. Two T2-type hangars were provided plus the usual full technical facilities, Mark II airfield lighting and dispersed accommodation for some 2,900 persons. The domestic sites were in the parish of Beeston to the west of the airfield and the bomb dump and ammunition stores were in Honeypot Wood to the south-east.
Under USAAF control, Wendling was designated as Station 118.
392nd Bombardment Group (Heavy)
The airfield was opened in 1943 and was used by the 392d Bombardment Group (Heavy), arriving from Alamogordo AAF
New Mexicoon 18 July 1943. The 453d was assigned to the 14th Combat Bombardment Wing, and the group tail code was a "Circle-D". Its operational squadrons were:
* 576th Bomb Squadron (CI)
* 577th Bomb Squadron (DC)
* 578th Bomb Squadron (EC)
* 579th Bomb Squadron (GC)
The group flew
B-24 Liberators as part of the Eighth Air Force's strategic bombing campaign.
The 392d BG entered combat on 9 September 1943 and engaged primarily in bombardment of strategic objectives on the Continent until April 1945. The group attacked such targets as an oil refinery at
Gelsenkirchen, a marshalling yard at Osnabruck, a railroad viaduct at Bielefeld, steel plants at Brunswick, a tank factory at Kassel, and gas works at Berlin.
The group took part in the intensive campaign of heavy bombers against the German aircraft industry during
Big Week, 20-25 Feb 1944, being awarded a Distinguished Unit Citationfor bombing an aircraft and component parts factory at Gotha on 24 February. The unit sometimes supported ground forces or carried out interdictory operations along with bombing airfields and V-weapon sites in Franceprior to the Normandy invasion in June 1944 and struck coastal defenses and choke points on D-Day.
The group hit enemy positions to assist ground forces at
St Loduring the breakthrough in July 1944. Bombed railroads, bridges, and highways to cut off German supply lines during the Battle of the Bulge, Dec 1944-Jan 1945. Dropped supplies to Allied troops during the air attack on Holland in September 1944 and during the airborne assault across the Rhine in March 1945.
The 392d Bomb Group flew its last combat mission on 25 April 1945, then carried food to the Dutch. The unit returned to Charleston AAF
South Carolinaon 25 June 1945 and was deactivated on 13 September 1945.
RAF Maintenance Command use
When the Americans left, Wendling was transferred to RAF Maintenance Command and was used as a satellite airfield, later becoming an inactive station before being finally closed on 22 November 1961. It was used between June 1960 and April 1964 by the
United States Air Forceas a radio facility before being finally closed and sold in 1964.
With the end of military control the airfield has become a turkey farm, with large coops built along its runways. Most of the buildings and hardstands have been torn down and the concrete removed. Also much of the perimeter track has been reduced to a single lane road.
A granite obelisk monument to the men of the 392nd Bomb Group was dedicated in September 1945, and stands well maintained and cared for in a small plot just off the airfield on the road to Beeston.
List of RAF stations
* USAAF Eighth Air Force - World War II
392nd Bombardment Group
* Freeman, Roger A. (1978) Airfields of the Eighth: Then and Now. After the Battle ISBN 0900913096
* Freeman, Roger A. (1991) The Mighty Eighth The Colour Record. Cassell & Co. ISBN 0-304-35708-1
* Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0892010924.
* [http://www.controltowers.co.uk/W-Z/Wendling.htm www.controltowers.co.uk Wendling]
* [http://mighty8thaf.preller.us/php/1Loc.php?Base=Wendling mighty8thaf.preller.us Wendling ]
* [http://home.att.net/~jbaugher/usafserials.html USAAS-USAAC-USAAF-USAF Aircraft Serial Numbers--1908 to present]
* [http://mighty8thaf.preller.us/gallery/Wendling Wendling Airfield Photo Gallery]
* [http://www.b24.net/392nd 392d Bomb Group Website]
* [http://www.b24.net/ Wendling @ www.b24.net]
* [http://www.multimap.com/map/photo.cgi?client=public&X=592000&Y=315000&scale=25000&width=700&height=400&gride=592400&gridn=315080&lang=&db=hcgaz&coordsys=gb Aerial Photo of RAF Wendling From Multimap.Com]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
RAF Molesworth — Royal Air Force Molesworth USAAF Station 107 … Wikipedia
RAF Daws Hill — Royal Air Force Station Daws Hill USAAF Station 1101 Located Near … Wikipedia
RAF Debden — Royal Air Force Station Debden Carver Barracks USAAF Station 156 … Wikipedia
RAF Martlesham Heath — Coordinates: 52°03′40″N 1°16′21″E / 52.0611°N 1.2724°E / 52.0611; 1.2724 ( … Wikipedia
List of RAF stations — This List of RAF stations is a comprehensive list of all stations, airbases, airfields and administrative headquarters of the Royal Air Force past and present.:Note Current RAF Stations will be listed under the currently recognised county of the… … Wikipedia
Eighth Air Force — emblem Part of Air … Wikipedia
List of World War II topics (R) — # R planes # R Adams Cowley # R boat # R. Burnett Miller # R. D. Oliver # R. F. Patrick Cronin # R. G. Waldeck # R. Harmon Drew, Sr. # R. Horne # R. Norris Williams # R4M rocket # Raab Katzenstein RK 26 # RAAF Station Bairnsdale # Rab battalion # … Wikipedia
List of Norfolk airfields — This is a list of current or former military airfields within the English county of Norfolk, East Anglia. They may have been used by the Royal Flying Corps, Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force, Army Air Corps or the United States Air Force.… … Wikipedia
392nd Strategic Missile Wing — Infobox Military Unit unit name= 392d Strategic Missile Wing caption= |dates= 1943 1945, 1949 1961 country= United States allegiance= branch= United States Army Air Forces United States Air Force type= role= Bombardment Intercontinental Missile… … Wikipedia
Cheshunt — For the village in Australia, see Cheshunt, Victoria. Coordinates: 51°42′07″N 0°02′06″W / 51.702°N 0.035°W / 51.702; 0.035 … Wikipedia