official_name = Campo Grande
image_caption = Campo Grande Skyline
nickname = Cidade Morena
motto = "Poder, prosperidade e altruísmo"spaces|2(Portuguese) "Power, prosperity and altruism"
image_caption = Campo Grande
map_caption = Location of Campo Grande
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Region
subdivision_type2 = State
subdivision_name = flag|Brazil
subdivision_name1 = Center-West
leader_name = Nelson Trad Filho (
established_title = Founded
area_total_km2 = 8110
area_urban_km2 = 334
population_total = 747,189
population_urban = 90%
population_density_km2 = 92.1
utc_offset = -4
utc_offset_DST = -3
latd= |latm= |lats= |latNS= |longd= |longm= |longs= |longEW=
elevation_m = 592
blank_name = HDI (2000)
blank_info = 0.814 – high
website = [http://www.campogrande.ms.gov.br Campo Grande, MS]
Campo Grande (lit. "Big Field") is the
capitalof the state of Mato Grosso do Sulin the center-west region of Brazil. It is located at coord|20|28|06|S|54|37|21|W|.
The region where the city is located was in the past a mandatory way for travellers who wanted to go from São Paulo or
Minas Geraisto the northern Mato Grossoby land. During the early 1900s the railway was completed, connecting Campo Grande to Corumbá, in the northwest region of the state, and to Bauru, São Paulo. Also in the beginning of the 20th century, the Western Brazilian Army Headquarters was established in Campo Grande, making it an important military center.
Campo Grande has worthy characteristics of a metropolis. With a population growth of 140,000 people in 1970 up to 750,000 people in 2008, it became the third biggest urban center and is considered the third most developed city of the Center-West region and 23th largest city of Brazil.
In 1977, the State of Mato Grosso was split in two, and Campo Grande became the capital of the new state, that consists of the southern portion of the original state of Mato Grosso. Today, the city has its own culture, which is a mixture of several ethnic groups, most notably immigrants from the
Japanese island of Okinawa, Lebanonand Portugal, White people from the Brazilian Southern and Southeast Regions and natives.
Campo Grande International Airportconnects Campo Grande with Brazilian cities and also operates international flights.
The city is home to the Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul.
Campo Grande started as a small village founded in 1877 by farmers José Antônio Pereira and Manoel Vieira de Sousa (a.k.a. Manoel Olivério) who came from Minas Gerais just after the end of the
War of the Triple Alliance. They founded the village, known at that time as Santo Antônio de Campo Grande, near the Serra de Maracaju cliffs, at the confluence of two streams. These streams were named Prosa and Segredo (Portuguese for conversation and secret respectively) and today their wetted perimeters are two of the most important avenues of the city. In the end of 1877 the founder built the first church of the village. The roughly aligned houses formed the first street, known as Rua Velha (Old Street), today Rua 26 de Agosto (26th of August Street). This street ended where today one finds a square in honor of the immigrants that came to the city later.
The city started to develop relatively fast because of its privileged climate and location. These factors drew people from other regions of the country, especially the South, the Southeast and the Northeast regions. The settlement was officially recognized as a municipality by the State Government on August 26, 1899 and renamed Campo Grande.
source= [http://www.inmet.gov.br/html/clima/graficos/index4.html INMET]
This climate is tropical of altitude, semi-humid, hot, and notedly seasonal, with a dry winter season from May through September or October. The annual rainfall is around 1,500 mm. January is one of the warmest and rainiest months, with mean highs of 29°C (84.2°F) and lows of 20°C (68.0°F). July brings on sunny days but somewhat cooler temperatures, with mean highs of 25°C (77.0°F) and lows of 14°C (57.2°F).
cerrado" landscape is characterized by extensive savanna formations crossed by gallery forests and stream valleys. Cerrado includes various types of vegetation. Humid fields and "buriti" palm paths are found where the water table is near the surface. Alpine pastures occur at higher altitudes and mesophytic forests on more fertile soils.The "cerrado" trees have characteristic twisted trunks covered by a thick bark, and leaves which are usually broad and rigid. Many herbaceous plants have extensive roots to store water and nutrients. The plant's thick bark and roots serve as adaptations for the periodic fires which sweep the cerrado landscape. The adaptations protect the plants from destruction and make them capable of sprouting again after the fire.
Most of the city's active labor is absorbed by the tertiary sector (commerce and service). Despite that, the primary and secondary sectors, especially the agro-industry, play an important role in the local economy. The farming of bovine livestock supplies the local slaughterhouses, which in turn allows Campo Grande to export meat to other states in
Braziland abroad. Beyond the food-processing and agroindustry, there are other sectors of activity, including the processing of non-metallic minerals and civil construction. The main agricultural cultures are soy, rice and manioc. Recently, sugar cane is gaining importance as well. According to the IBGE, Campo Grande has a total of 11,657 commercial establishments and 1,300 industries of transformation.
GDPfor the city was R$ 6,903,356,000 ( 2005). [cite book|url=http://www.ibge.gov.br/home/estatistica/economia/pibmunicipios/2005/tab01.pdf|title=GDP|publisher= IBGE|location=Campo Grande, Brazil|format=PDF|isbn=85-240-3919-1|accessdate=2007-07-18|year=2005|language=Portuguese]
per capita incomefor the city was R$ 9,207 ( 2005). [cite book|url=http://www.ibge.gov.br/home/estatistica/economia/pibmunicipios/2005/tab01.pdf|title=per capita income|publisher= IBGE|location=Campo Grande, Brazil|format=PDF|isbn=85-240-3919-1|accessdate=2007-07-18|year=2005|language=Portuguese]
Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul(UFMS);
* Centro Universitário de Campo Grande (UNAES);
* Universidade Católica Dom Bosco (UCDB);
* Universidade para o Desenvolvimento do Estado e Região do Pantanal (UNIDERP);
* Universidade Estadual de Mato Grosso do Sul (UEMS);
* Faculdade Estácio de Sá;
* Instituto de Ensino Superior da Funlec;
* Faculdade Mato Grosso do Sul (FACSUL);
* Faculdade Campo Grande (FCG).
The operation of
Campo Grande International Airportis shared with the Campo Grande Air Base. The airport has two runways.Construction of the main runway, made of concrete, began in 1950 and was finished in 1953. The passenger terminal was concluded in 1964, and in 1967 concrete aprons were built for both military and civilian aircraft.As commercial aviation demand grew, it became necessary to widen the civil aircraft apron, which was completed 12 years after its construction. The airport has been administered by Infraero since 1975.
Railroad: the town is attended by a system of railway transport under administration of Novoeste, which interconnects with other cities in the state, in a line that traverses Bauruand São Paulo stateall the way to Corumbá. This mode of transport has had significant effects on the transport infrastructure, allowing the export of important products of the state to other centres of production and consumption.
BR-060, BR-163 and BR-262 (federal) and several state highways.
The horizontal instead of vertical expansion of the city results in a low population density, long distances, and relatively remote neighborhoods with little infrastructure, in addition to significant amounts of empty land. According to urban planners, Campo Grande is changing. The rates of violence are low and Campo Grande has become the first state capital of the country to eliminate all its slums.
Festa Junina(Saint John Festival) Festa Juninawas introduced to Northeastern Brazilby the Portuguese for whom St John's day (also celebrated as MidsummerDay in several European countries), on the 24th of June, is one of the oldest and most popular celebrations of the year. Differently, of course, from what happens on the European MidsummerDay, the festivities in Brazil do not take place during the summer solsticebut during the tropical winter solstice. The festivities traditionally begin after the 12th of June, on the eve of St Anthony's day, and last until the 29th, which is Saint Peter's day. During these fifteen days, there are bonfires, fireworks, and folk dancing in selected places. Once exclusively a rural festivity, today, in Brazil, it is largely a city festival during which people joyfully and theatrically mimic peasant stereotypes and clichés in a spirit of joke and good time. Typical refreshments and dishes are served. It should be noted that, like during Carnival, these festivities involve costumes-wearing (in this case, peasant costumes), dancing, and visual spectacles (fireworks display and folk dancing).
Like what happens on
Midsummerand St John's Day in Europe, bonfiresare a central part of these festivities in Brazil.
Campo Grande Film Festival
It's a film festival held annually in the months of January and February and has been arranged since 2004. It focuses on the independent cinema presenting Brazilian films and foreign films as well. It also presents regional films and short films.
It is the tourist bus that takes care of the city. The drawing of the collective one is the great prominence and was developed by the Marcopolo company. The model is a Viale Double Decker SUNNY of two floors, being the opened superior floor, what it makes possible to the passengers a reasonable sight of all the tourist points. With capacity for 74 places, it possesses banks with security belts, internal camera in the superior floor, microphone with loudspeakers, electronic itinerary, slope of access and space reserved for deficient physicists.
Bureau was idealized with the partnership between the Campo Grande Pantanal Convention & Visitors and the City hall of Campo Grande. Its passage is concluded in about 2 hours and 30 minutes, in 48 a total passage of km. It passes in 46 tourist points.
During the stroll a guide counts a little of the history of Campo Grande. [cite book|url=http://www.campograndecvb.com.br/|title=More Information|publisher=Campo Grande CVB|location=Campo Grande, Brazil|format=PDF|isbn=85-240-3919-1|accessdate=2006-07-18|year=2006|language=Portuguese]
The four-day period before Lent leading up to Ash Wednesday is
carnivaltime in Brazil. Rich and poor alike forget their cares as they party in the streets.
ports and automobilism
The city is served by:
*Orlando Moura International Autodrome: runway of 3,433 meters.
*Kartodromo Ayrton Senna: runway of 930 meters.
Clubs and stadiums
The stadiums receiving official games are:
*Estádio Belmar Fidalgo;
*Estádio Jacques da Luz;
*Estádio do Conjunto Habitacional Estrela do Sul;
*Estádio do Esporte Clube Comercial;
*Estádio Elias Gadia.
The main times councils are:
*Esporte Clube Comercial;
*Operário Futebol Clube;
*Associação Atlética Moreninhas;
*Associação Atlética Portuguesa;
*Clube de Esportes União-CEU;
*Esporte Clube Campo Grande;
*Esporte Clube Taveirópolis.
World Cup of 2014 in Brazil
Campo Grande is one of the candidates to be one of the subsedes Cup of 2014 in Brazil. The city has reasonable infrastructure that meet the demands of FIFA, in addition to a good urban planning. Campo Grande competes directly with the city of Cuiaba and indirectly with the cities of Goiania and Brasilia to be sub-headquarters. He was offered the Stadium Pedro Pedrossian to be the venue of the games in the municipality. Campo Grande is one of the 18 remaining candidates to host games of the
2014 FIFA World Cup, for which Brazilis the only South American bidder.
There are 45 gyms throughout the city. The main ones are: Centro de Treinamento Esportivo-Funcesp, Centro Esportivo Paulo VI, Centro Poliesportivo da Moderna Associação Campograndense de Ensino-MACE, Ginásio da Associação Esportiva Cultural Nipo Brasileira, Ginásio da Escola Lúcia Martins Coelho, Ginásio da União Campograndense Estudantil-UCE, Ginásio da União dos Sargentos, Ginásio de Esportes Amadeu Mena Gonçalves (UFMS)-Moreninho, Ginásio de Esportes Avelino dos Reis-Guanandizão, Ginásio do Clube do Trabalhador, Ginásio do Parque Ayrton Senna, Ginásio do Sesc Camillo Bonni, Ginásio do Sindicato dos Bancários, Ginásio Poliesportivo Dom Bosco e Ginásio Poliesportivo do Colégio Auxiliadora.
Campo Grande's sister cities is:
* [http://skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=159309&page=2 Photos]
* [http://www.educamor.net/cg/ Informations of Campo Grande]
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