Golden goal


Golden goal

The golden goal is a method used to decide the winner of games in elimination matches which end in a draw after the end of regulation time. Golden goal rules allow the team that scores the first goal during extra time to be declared the winner. The game finishes when a golden goal is scored. The golden goal is no longer used in FIFA authorised games, other than the FIFA Beach World Cup. The golden goal is used by NCAA soccer games and by FIH sanctioned field hockey matches. A related concept is used in National Rugby League games.

History

The first recorded use of the golden goal rule was during the final of the Cromwell Cup, the world's second ever football competition, at Bramall Lane, Sheffield in 1868, although the term "golden goal" was never used. The deciding goal was scored by a newly formed team called The Wednesday.cite web|title=Garrick F.C.|url=http://www.btinternet.com/~a.drake/sheff/club/garrick.htm|accessdate=2008-01-25] Its public origins can be traced to a letter published in the "Times" newspaper in London on 16 April 1992 Fact|date=February 2007.

Use in football (soccer)

The term "golden goal" was introduced by FIFA in 1993 along with the rule change because the alternative term, "sudden death", was perceived to have negative connotations. The golden goal was not compulsory, and individual competitions using extra time could choose whether to apply it during extra time. The first European Football Championship played with the rule was in 1996; the first World Cup played with the rule was in 1998.The first golden goal recorded was in March 1993 by Australia against Uruguay in a quarter-final match at the FIFA World Youth Championships. Huddersfield Town's Iain Dunn became the first British player to settle a match in this way - his 107th-minute goal beat Lincoln City 3-2 in the AWS on 30 November 1994. The first major tournament final to be decided by such a goal was the 1996 European Football Championship, won by Germany over the Czech Republic. The golden goal in this final was scored by Oliver Bierhoff.Other major international tournament finals decided by a golden goal include:
*2000 European Football Championship (France beat Italy)
*Women's Gold Medal Game at the 2000 Summer Olympics (Norway beat USA)
*2001 UEFA Cup (Liverpool F.C. beat Deportivo Alavés)
*2002 FIFA U-19 Women's World Championship (USA beat Canada)
*2003 Confederations Cup (France beat Cameroon)
*2003 Gold Cup (Mexico beat Brazil)
*2003 Women's World Cup (Germany beat Sweden)The first golden goal in World Cup history took place in 1998, as Laurent Blanc scored to enable France to defeat Paraguay in the Round of 16. In 2002, three games were decided by a golden goal - Senegal over Sweden and Korea over Italy in the Round of 16, and Turkey over Senegal in the quarter-final.

The golden goal rule was introduced to stimulate offensive flair and to effectively reduce the number of penalty shootouts.Fact|date=August 2008 However, it was widely thought that golden goal rules encouraged teams to play more defensively to safeguard against a loss.In the 2002 season UEFA introduced a new rule, the so-called silver goal, to decide a competitive match. In extra time the team leading after the first fifteen minute half would win, but the game would no longer stop the instant a team scored. Competitions that operated extra time would be able to decide whether to use the golden goal, the silver goal, or neither procedure during extra time.

Rules

Football (soccer)

Two halves of fifteen-minute extra time are played. If any team scores a goal during extra time, that team becomes the winner and the game ends at once. The winning goal is known as the "golden goal." If there are no goals after both periods of extra time, a penalty shootout decides the game. If the teams are still tied after a penalty shootout then the game goes to sudden-death penalties, where each team takes one penalty each, until only one team scores, resulting in that team winning the game.

Field hockey

International field hockey tournaments such as the Hockey World Cup, Champions Trophy and Summer Olympics tournament use golden goals to decide the winners of elimination matches. During these matches, golden goal extra time of 7½ minutes per half is played and if no golden goals are scored after both periods of extra time, a penalty stroke competition decides the game.

Abolition in football

In February 2004, after widespread complaints about the impact of the rule from fansFact|date=July 2008, the IFAB bowed to pressure and announced that after Euro 2004 in Portugal, both the golden goal would be removed from the Laws of the Game. The 2006 FIFA World Cup in Germany did not employ the golden goal in the event of a tied match during the knockout stage, [ [http://eur.i1.yimg.com/eur.yimg.com/i/eu/fifa/regen.pdf 2006 World Cup drops golden goal] ] but reverted to the previous rules: In the event of a tied game after the original 90 minutes, two 15 minute halves of extra time were played. Then, if a tie remained after the 30 minutes of extra time, the winner was decided by a penalty shootout. [ [http://www.fifa.com/en/news/feature/0,1451,74459,00.html FIFA Rules] ]

ee also

* Silver goal

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • golden goal — golden goals N COUNT In some football matches, a golden goal is the first goal scored in extra time, which wins the match for the team that scores it. [BRIT] …   English dictionary

  • golden goal — noun In football, the first goal scored in extra time, which brings immediate victory to the scoring team • • • Main Entry: ↑golden …   Useful english dictionary

  • golden goal — noun count MAINLY BRITISH in soccer, the first goal scored in OVERTIME in an important game which wins the game …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Golden Goal — Das Golden Goal war eine Regel im Fußball, wonach ein Spiel, das in die Verlängerung geht, sofort beendet ist, sobald ein Spieler einer Mannschaft während der Verlängerung ein Tor erzielt hat. Die Mannschaft, die das Golden Goal erzielt hat, ist… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Golden Goal — Gol|den Goal 〈[ goʊldən goʊl] n.; s, s; Sp.; bes. Fußball〉 Entscheidung eines Spiels, das nach regulärer Spielzeit unentschieden steht durch das erste Tor, das in der Verlängerung fällt; →a. Sudden Death ● Oliver Bierhoffs Treffer zum 2:1 gegen… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Golden Goal — Gol|den Goal [ goul] das; s, s <aus engl. golden goal »goldenes Tor«> Spielentscheidung durch das erste gefallene Tor in einem zusätzlichen Spielabschnitt (beim Fußball) …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • golden goal — gol·den goal loc.s.m.inv. ES ingl. {{wmetafile0}} TS sport nel calcio, spec. nelle finali di competizioni internazionali, goal segnato nei tempi supplementari che attribuisce automaticamente la vittoria alla squadra che lo ha segnato {{line}}… …   Dizionario italiano

  • golden goal — noun the first goal scored during extra time; giving victory to the scoring side if this rule is in effect …   Wiktionary

  • golden goal — noun (in some soccer competitions) the first goal scored during extra time, which ends the match and gives victory to the scoring side …   English new terms dictionary

  • golden goal — /goʊldən ˈgoʊl/ (say gohlduhn gohl) noun (in soccer, hockey, etc.) a goal scored in extra time which wins the game for the team which scored it and ends the match …   Australian English dictionary


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