Part of a series on
Dharma or concepts
"Maha Nikaya" (literal translation: Great Collection) refers to one of the two principal sects of modern Thai Buddhism. The other principle sect is Dhammayuttika Nikaya. Generally, the Dahmayutti Nikaya sect of Theravada Buddhism is more strict than the Maha Nikaya sect.
The identification of the Maha Nikaya as a single, discrete, entity is an innovation of the Thai state. After the founding of the Dhammayuttika Nikaya by the then-monk Prince Mongkut in 1833, decades later all recognized monks not ordained in the Dhammayuttika order were considered to be part of the 'maha nikaya', the 'great collection' of those outside the new Dhammayuttika fraternity. As such, most monks in Thailand belong to the Maha Nikaya more or less by default; the order itself did not originally establish any particular practices or views that characterized those adhering to its lineage. There were in reality hundreds of different Nikayas throughout the Thai areas that were lumped together as the "Maha Nikaya".
In Cambodia, a similar situation exists; the Dhammayuttika Nikaya was imported from Thailand in 1855, and those monks remaining outside the Dhammayuttika order were recognized as being members of the 'Maha Nikaya' (Khmer: មហានិកាយ Mohanikay). A separate supreme patriarch for the Dhammayuttika Nikaya was appointed by King Norodom; the previous national supreme patriarch then became the titular head of the Cambodian Maha Nikaya.
In Thailand, a single supreme patriarch is recognized as having authority over both the Maha Nikaya and the Dhammayuttika Nikaya. In recent years, some Maha Nikaya monks have campaigned for the creation of a separate Maha Nikaya patriarch, as recent Thai supreme patriarchs have invariably been drawn from the royalty-supported Dhammayuttika Nikaya.
- ^ "Thai Temples in North America". The Buddha Garden. http://www.thebuddhagarden.com/thai-temples-usa.htm. Retrieved September 20, 2010.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Maha — may refer to: Contents 1 Acronyms 2 Indian words 3 People 4 Places 5 Other uses … Wikipedia
Nikāya — Part of a series on Buddhism Outline · Portal History Timeline · Councils … Wikipedia
Maha Kapphina — (Kappina, Kaphina, Kapphina, Kampilla, Kaphila or Kashphila, or Maha Kappina), also called Maha Kapphina Thera, was an eminent Arahant from Uttarapatha and is considered foremost among those who taught the monks. Maha Kapphina was his… … Wikipedia
Nikaya Buddhism — Early Buddhism Scriptures Pali Canon Āgamas Gandharan texts Counc … Wikipedia
Maha Vagga — La Maha Vagga (en français La grande section) est une partie d un texte bouddhiste appelé Dīgha Nikāya ou Recueil des longs discours. Signification du nom Maha = grand. Vagga = section. Contenu La grande section est composé des 10 discours… … Wikipédia en Français
Amarapura Nikaya — The Amarapura Nikaya is a Sri Lankan monastic fraternity (a lineage of ordained monks) founded in 1800. It is named after the city of Amarapura, Myanmar (then Burma), the former capital of the Burmese kingdom. Amarapura Nikaya monks are followers … Wikipedia
Dhammayuttika Nikaya — Vajirañāṇo Bhikkhu (later King Mongkut of Siam), the founder of Dhammayuttika Nikaya The Dhammayuttika Nikaya or Thammayut Nikaya (Thai: ธรรมยุติกนิกาย (ทำมะยุดติกะนิกาย), ธรรมยุต (ทำมะยุด); Khmer: ធម្មយុត្តិក និកាយ) is an order of Theravada… … Wikipedia
Weligama Gnanaratana Maha Nayaka Thera — Most Ven. Rajakeeya Panditha Weligama Gnanaratana Maha Nayaka Thera, is the Maha Nayaka of the Amarapura Dharmarakshita Maha Nikaya (Amarapura Nikaya). Biographical introduction The Maha Nayaka Thera was born on October 14, 1913 to devout… … Wikipedia
Dwara Nikaya — Maha Dwara Nikaya (Burmese: မဟာဒွာရနိကာယ, IPA: [məhà dwàɹa̰ nḭkàja̰]; also spelt Maha Dwaya Nikaya or Maha Dvara Nikaya and known as Anaukchaung Dwaya (အနောက်ချောင်းဒွာရ) is the name of a small monastic order of monks in Myanmar (Burma),… … Wikipedia
Digha Nikaya — Part of a series on Buddhism Outline · Portal History Timeline · Councils … Wikipedia