Port Louis


Port Louis

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Port Louis
other_name =
native_name =
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imagesize = 300px
image_caption = View of Port Louis and harbour looking west from the Citadel.


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seal_size = 120px
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mapsize = 150px
map_caption = District of Port Louis
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subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = Mauritius
subdivision_type1 =
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subdivision_type2 =
subdivision_name2 =
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government_type =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Fritz Thomas
leader_title1 =
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established_title = Founded
established_date = 1735
established_title2 =
established_date2 =
established_title3 = City status
established_date3 = August 25 1966
area_magnitude =
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area_total_km2 = 42.7
area_land_km2 =
area_water_km2 =
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area_urban_km2 = 6.3
area_metro_km2 =
population_as_of = 2003
population_footnotes =
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population_total = 147688
population_density_km2 = 3458.73
population_metro =
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timezone = MUT
utc_offset = +4
timezone_DST =
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latd= 20|latm= 10|lats= |latNS=S
longd= 57|longm= 31|longs= |longEW=E
elevation_footnotes =
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website = [http://mpl.intnet.mu/home.htm mpl.intnet.mu/home.htm]
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Port Louis (pronounced in French as IPA2|pɔʁlwi) is the capital of Mauritius. It is the largest city of the country and main port, which borders the Indian Ocean. It is located in the Port Louis District. The population is 147,688 (2003 census).

History

Port Louis was founded by the French around 1735 as a revictualling halt for their ships travelling around the Cape of Good Hope, and was named in honour of King Louis XV. The first Governor was Count Bertrand-François Mahé de La Bourdonnais.

Geography

The City of Port Louis is located at 20°10' South, 57°31'30" East (-20.1667, 57.525). [cite web |url=http://earth-info.nga.mil/gns/html/cntry_files.html |title=GNS: Country Files |accessdate=2007-04-08 |work=GNS Country Files |author=National Geospacial-Intelligence Agency] Its localities include Plaine Verte, Chinatown, Ward IV, Vallee Pitot, Tranquebar and city centre. Port Louis is capital of the District of Port Louis.

ights

Port Louis has conserved many historic and colonial buildings through the years. One of them is a fortification named Fort Adelaide or La Citadelle, built by the British in 1835. The latter dominates the city. From there, one can observe most of the city's architecture. Port Louis is surrounded by a mountain range, called the Port Louis Moka Range. Among its most famous mountains are Le Pouce and Pieter Both which stand about 800 metres from sea level. One of the most popular attractions is the country's national derby called Champ de Mars, which is the oldest race course (1812) in the Indian Ocean and the second oldest in the southern Hemisphere. Other famous destinations include the Police Barracks known as Les Casernes and the Port Louis Waterfront.

The Mauritius Institute, dedicated to the study of the island's flora and fauna, is in Port Louis. Citizens often climb up the Signaux mountain, which is a 3-km track, that leads to over 300 metres high. From there, one can appreciate the landscape of the city.

Attractions include the Caudan Waterfront, Port Louis Bazaar, the Mauritian Chinatown and the old Port Louis theatre. The capital has also three museums which are: the Mauritius Natural History Museum, the Blue Penny Museum and the Mauritius Stamp Museum. The biggest and oldest post office in Mauritius is found near the Caudan Waterfront. Situated in the heart of the city, near the State Bank Tower, the Place d'Armes is easily recognizable by its tall palm trees. It is the main entrance to and out of Port Louis.

Port Louis is the busiest city of the country. It faces heavy traffic congestion as there is only one motorway which leads in and out of the city. The busiest hours are 8am and 5pm, which roughly correspond to the working hours for the majority of enterprises. Parking is another big problem the city faces. The financial centre is also located there, with the Bank of Mauritius, the Mauritius Commercial Bank Ltd and the State Bank of Mauritius, all having their headquarters there.

The busiest street is probably Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam Street, formerly known as Rue Desforges. It leads directly to the Municipality of Port Louis, the Jummah Mosque, and Kadafi Square, which is a hot place for local food.

There is also a Chinese Burial ground where elaborate memorials have been erected. Dead bodies are kept in the Kit Lock which is located in the centre of the city.

The skyline of Port Louis has completely changed in the last fifteen years mainly due to construction booms in the 1990s and 2000s, where many of the tallest high-rise buildings have been built. The city centre has the tallest buildings in Mauritius, including a few skyscrapers, which is unusual for a small island in Africa. Port Louis is currently undergoing a major construction boom with the extension of the Caudan Waterfront and new towers.

Port Louis also harbours some major schools. The Royal College of Port Louis , the Loreto College of Port Louis and the Bell Village SSS are three of the best secondary schools of the country.Coline Moneron SSS school are also found in the capital of Mauritius.

Renganaden Seeneevassen sss is also found in the City of Port louis

Horse racing

The Champ de Mars Racecourse is a race track for Thoroughbred horse races located close to the centre of Port Louis founded in 1812.

Economy

The economy is dominated by its port, which handles Mauritius' international trade. The port was founded by the French who preferred Port Louis as the City is shielded by the Port Louis/Moka mountain range. It is the largest container handling facility in the Indian Ocean and can accommodate fourth and fifth generation container vessels. At present, only Cape Town and Port Louis can achieve that in Sub-Saharan Africa. [cite web |last=Port Strategy|title=Feeder king |publisher=portstrategy.com |date= |url=http://www.portstrategy.com/archive/2007/march/area_survey_africa__and__indian_ocean_islands/feeder_king |format=html |accessdate=2007-10-14] However, existing equipments in the port are overstretched and delays frequently occur. Two new gantry cranes (to be delivered in December 2007) will boost annual throughput capacity. Manufacturing is dominated by clothing and textiles, but also includes chemicals, plastics, and pharmaceuticals.
Tourism is also important. The development of the Caudan Waterfront, central to Port Louis, with shopping and cinema facilities, appeals to tourists visiting the city. Port Louis is the second most important financial center in Africa after Johannesburg. It is the city with the highest per capita income in Africa.Fact|date=April 2008

Air transportation to the city is provided by Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam International Airport.

Demographics

The population of the city is now largely made up of the descendants of laborers who were hired for labor from India in the 19th century. Slaves were previously introduced by the British and French who colonized the island in the 18th century. After the abolition of slavery in 1835, many Indian and Chinese workers were brought to work the land, and cultivate sugar cane, at that time used to produce rum. The Immigration Depot in Port Louis is a World Heritage Site commemorating this great migration.

Currently, the majority of the population, more than 75 percent, are Indians of mixed origins (a significant percentage being followers of the Hindu and Muslim faith), with the rest from Africa and a minority of Chinese and Eurasian.

Culture

Port Louis has attracted various artists and writers in the past, among the most renowned of them are Bernardin de Saint Pierre, Mark Twain, Nicolas Pike, Charles Baudelaire, and Paul-Jean Toulet.

Mauritian writers like Malcolm de Chazal, Marcel Cabon, Loys Masson and Marie-Thérèse Humbert chose Port Louis and its vicinities as locations for some of their novels and poetry.

Other Port Louis born poets and writers, like Robert Edward Hart and Khal Torabully, also made of this intricate and fascinating town the setting of some of their texts.ok port louis is in Warroad

Panorama

City partnership

Port Louis is a sister city with:
*flagicon|Pakistan Karachi, Pakistan

References


* Malcolm de Chazal, Petrusmok, The Standard Printing Est., 1951, La Table Ovale, 1979.
* Marie-Thérèse Humbert , La montagne des signaux, Paris : Stock, 1994
* Khal Torabully, Kot sa parol la - Rôde parole, poésie en créole et français, éditions Le Printemps, 1996, Maurice.

External links

* [http://www.sunsort.com/guide/mauritius/port-louis/ Port Louis Travel Guide]
* [http://mpl.intnet.mu/home.htm Municipal website]

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