Clinton County, Indiana

Clinton County, Indiana
Clinton County Indiana Courthouse.jpg
Clinton County Courthouse in Frankfort, Indiana
Map of Indiana highlighting Clinton County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the U.S. highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1830
Named for DeWitt Clinton
Seat Frankfort
Largest city Frankfort
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

405.25 sq mi (1,050 km²)
405.07 sq mi (1,049 km²)
0.18 sq mi (0 km²), 0.04%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

33,224
82/sq mi (31.67/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Footnotes:  

Indiana county number 12

Clinton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 33,224.[1] The county seat is Frankfort[2].

Contents

History

Clinton County officially came into existence on March 1, 1830, and was named in honor of DeWitt Clinton,[3] the seventh Governor of New York State and architect of the Erie Canal. The act forming the county was approved by the Indiana General Assembly on January 29, 1830, and created Clinton from the eastern parts of neighboring Tippecanoe County.

Geography

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 405.25 square miles (1,049.6 km2), of which 405.07 square miles (1,049.1 km2) (or 99.96%) is land and 0.18 square miles (0.47 km2) (or 0.04%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties

Cities and towns

Unincorporated towns

Extinct towns

Townships

Major highways

Railroads

Climate and weather

Frankfort, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.1
 
32
16
 
 
2
 
38
20
 
 
3.2
 
49
30
 
 
3.6
 
61
39
 
 
4.1
 
72
50
 
 
4.5
 
81
59
 
 
4.1
 
84
63
 
 
4
 
82
61
 
 
3
 
76
53
 
 
2.9
 
64
42
 
 
3.4
 
50
33
 
 
2.9
 
37
22
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[5]

In recent years, average temperatures in Frankfort have ranged from a low of 16 °F (−9 °C) in January to a high of 84 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −26 °F (−32 °C) was recorded in December 1983 and a record high of 105 °F (41 °C) was recorded in July 1980. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.03 inches (52 mm) in February to 4.51 inches (115 mm) in June.[5]

Government

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[6][7]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[6][7]

Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state-level circuit court.[7]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare a party affiliation and to be residents of the county.[7]

Clinton County is part of Indiana's 4th congressional district; Indiana Senate districts 7 and 23;[8] and Indiana House of Representatives district 38.[9]

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1830 1,423
1840 7,508 427.6%
1850 11,869 58.1%
1860 14,505 22.2%
1870 17,330 19.5%
1880 23,472 35.4%
1890 27,370 16.6%
1900 28,202 3.0%
1910 26,674 −5.4%
1920 27,737 4.0%
1930 27,329 −1.5%
1940 28,411 4.0%
1950 29,734 4.7%
1960 30,765 3.5%
1970 30,547 −0.7%
1980 31,545 3.3%
1990 30,974 −1.8%
2000 33,866 9.3%
2010 33,224 −1.9%
Sources: United States Department of Commerce,
Bureau of the Census, Population Division[10]
Census Quickfacts[1]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 33,866 people, 12,545 households, and 9,057 families residing in the county. The population density was 84 people per square mile (32/km²). There were 13,267 housing units at an average density of 33 per square mile (13/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 89.38% White, 5.30% Black or African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 4.18% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. 7.32% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 28.8% were of American, 23.3% German, 10.0% Irish and 9.0% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 12,545 households out of which 35.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.90% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.80% were non-families. 23.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.30% under the age of 18, 8.80% from 18 to 24, 28.40% from 25 to 44, 21.10% from 45 to 64, and 14.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $45,759, and the median income for a family was $53,864. Males had a median income of $36,385 versus $24,378 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,862. About 6.30% of families and 8.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.90% of those under age 18 and 9.00% of those age 65 or over.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Clinton County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/18/18023.html. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Claybaugh, Joseph (1913). History of Clinton County, Indiana. Indianapolis: A. W. Bowen & Company. pp. 31. 
  4. ^ "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/files/Gaz_counties_national.txt. Retrieved 2011-10-10. 
  5. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Frankfort, Indiana". The Weather Channel. http://www.weather.com/weather/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/USIN0219. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  6. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. http://www.in.gov/legislative/ic/code/title36/ar2/ch3.html. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  7. ^ a b c d Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2". IN.gov. http://www.in.gov/legislative/ic/code/title3/ar10/ch2.pdf. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  8. ^ "Indiana Senate Districts". State of Indiana. http://www.in.gov/sos/elections/3006.htm. Retrieved 2011-01-23. 
  9. ^ "Indiana House Districts". State of Indiana. http://www.in.gov/sos/elections/3005.htm. Retrieved 2011-01-23. 
  10. ^ Forstall, Richard L. (editor) (1996). Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 : from the twenty-one decennial censuses. United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Population Division. pp. 50–53. ISBN 0-934213-48-8. http://books.google.com/books?id=Z12v1lrkv2IC&lpg=PA50&pg=PA50#v=onepage&q&f=false. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links

Coordinates: 40°18′N 86°29′W / 40.30°N 86.48°W / 40.30; -86.48


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