Louis Charles Antoine Desaix


Louis Charles Antoine Desaix

Louis Charles Antoine Desaix (August 17, 1768 - June 14, 1800) was a French General and military leader. (According to the usage of the time, he took the name "Louis Charles Antoine Desaix de Veygoux".)

Biography

Born to an impoverished noble family of Ayat-sur-Sioule (Auvergne), Desaix received his military education at the school founded by Marshal d'Effiat, and entered the French royal army. During his first six years of service, he devoted himself to duty and to military studies. When the French Revolution broke out, he threw himself into the cause of liberty. Refusing to "emigrate", he joined the staff of the prince de Broglie. The disgrace of this general nearly cost Desaix his life, but he escaped the guillotine, and by his conspicuous services soon came into favour with the Republican government. Like many other members of the old ruling classes who had accepted the new order, the instinct of command, joined to native ability, brought Desaix career success. By 1794 he had attained the rank of general of division.

In the campaign of 1795 he commanded Jourdan's right wing, and in Moreau's invasion of Bavaria the following year he held an equally important command. In the retreat which ensued when the archduke Charles won the battles of Amberg and Würzburg Desaix commanded Moreau's rearguard, and later the fortress of Kehl, with the highest distinction, and his name became a household word, like those of Bonaparte, Jourdan, Hoche, Marceau and Kléber. Next year his initial successes were interrupted by the Preliminaries of Leoben, and he procured for himself a mission into Italy in order to meet General Bonaparte, who spared no pains to captivate the brilliant young general from the almost rival camps of Germany. Provisionally appointed commander of the "Army of England," Desaix was soon transferred by Bonaparte to the expeditionary force intended for Egypt. It was his division which bore the brunt of the Mamluk attack at the battle of the Pyramids, and he crowned his reputation by his victories over Murad Bey in Upper Egypt. Amongst the fellaheen he acquired the significant appellation of the "Just Sultan."

When command passed to Kléber, Desaix was one of the small party selected to accompany Bonaparte. However, it was months before he could join the new First Consul. The campaign of 1800 was close to its climax when Desaix at last arrived in Italy. He was immediately assigned to the command of a corps of two infantry divisions. Three days later (June 14), detached, with Boudet's division, at Rivalta, he heard the cannon of Marengo on his right. Taking the initiative he marched at once towards the sound, meeting Bonaparte's staff officer, who had come to recall him, half way on the route. He arrived with Boudet's division at the moment when the Austrians were victorious all along the line. Exclaiming, "There is yet time to win another battle!" he led his three regiments straight against the enemy's centre. At the moment of victory Desaix was killed by a musket ball. Louis Charles Antoine Desaix was killed the same day as his good friend and comrade, governor-general of Egypt Jean Baptiste Kléber who was assassinated in Cairo.

Memory

Napoleon paid tribute to him by erecting the monuments of Desaix on the Place Dauphine and the Place des Victoires in Paris. Moreover, his name is written on a face of the Arc de Triomphe, with other great military figures of the French Revolution. There is also a fort in Fort-de-France, Martinique that is named Fort Desaix in his honor.

References

*1911


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Louis Charles Antoine Desaix — según Andrea Appiani. Louis Charles Antoine Desaix (Ayat sur Sioule, 17 de agosto de 1768 – Marengo, 14 de junio de 1800), líder militar francés. (A veces, se lo llama Desaix de Veygoux, pero no es su verdadero nombre). Biografía Nacid …   Wikipedia Español

  • Louis-Charles-Antoine Desaix — Louis Charles Antoine Desaix, chevalier de Veygoux, (* 17. August 1768 in St. Hilaire d Ayat, heute Ayat sur Sioule, Auvergne; † 14. Juni 1800 bei Marengo) war ein französischer General, der sich vor allem bei der Rheinarmee und in Ägypten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Louis Charles Antoine Desaix — Louis Charles Antoine Desaix, chevalier de Veygoux, (* 17. August 1768 in St. Hilaire d Ayat, heute Ayat sur Sioule, Auvergne; † 14. Juni 1800 bei Marengo) war ein französischer General, der sich vor allem bei der Rheinarmee und in Ägypten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Louis Charles Antoine Desaix — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Desaix (homonymie). Louis Charles Antoine Desaix …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Louis Charles Antoine Desaix de Veygoux — Louis Charles Antoine Desaix Pour les articles homonymes, voir Desaix (homonymie). Louis Charles Antoine Desaix Surnom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Louis Charles Antoine Desaix de Veygoux — (Ayat sur Sioule, 17 de agosto de 1768 Marengo, 14 de junio de 1800), líder militar francés. Nacido en el seno de una familia noble empobrecida, recibió educación militar en la escuela fundada por el Mariscal d Effiat, y entró en el Ejército Real …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Louis Charles Antoine Des Aix — Louis Charles Antoine Desaix Pour les articles homonymes, voir Desaix (homonymie). Louis Charles Antoine Desaix Surnom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Louis Charles Antoine Des Aix de Veygoux — Louis Charles Antoine Desaix Pour les articles homonymes, voir Desaix (homonymie). Louis Charles Antoine Desaix Surnom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Louis Charles Antoine des Aix de Veygoux — Louis Charles Antoine Desaix Pour les articles homonymes, voir Desaix (homonymie). Louis Charles Antoine Desaix Surnom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Louis Charles Antoine De Beaufranchet — Naissance 18 janvier 1757 Château d Ayat, Saint Hilaire d Ayat, France Décès …   Wikipédia en Français


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