Transport in Portugal


Transport in Portugal

Railways

"Total:"2,850 km
"Broad gauge:"2,576 km 1.668-m gauge (623 km electrified; 426 km double track)
"Narrow gauge:"178 km 1.000-m gauge
"Standard gauge": high speed lines to Spain to be this gauge.

City with underground railway system: Lisbon. Porto has a Light railway system with underground sections.

Railway links with adjacent countries

* Spain - yes - same gauge 1676mm

Trams

In Portugal, Lisbon tram services have been supplied by the "Companhia de Carris de Ferro de Lisboa" (Carris), for over a century. In Porto a tram network, of which only a tourist line on the shores of the Douro remain, construction begin in 12 September 1895, the first in the Iberian Peninsula.

Highways

*Total: 68,732 km (1999 est.)
*Paved: 59,110 km (including more than 3000 km of expressways)
*Unpaved: 9,622 km

Waterways

820 km navigable; relatively unimportant to national economy, used by shallow-draft craft limited to 300 metric-ton or less cargo capacity.

Pipelines

Crude oil 22 km; petroleum products 58 km; natural gas 700 km.
"Note:"the secondary lines for the natural gas pipeline that will be 300 km long have not yet been built.

Ports and harbors

Aveiro, Funchal (Madeira Islands), Horta (Azores), Leixões, Lisbon, Porto, Ponta Delgada (Azores), Praia da Vitória (Azores), Setúbal, Viana do Castelo, Figueira da Foz

Merchant marine

"Total:"151 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 1,061,202 GRT/DWT|1,601,267|metric|first=yes
"Ships by type:"bulk 13, cargo 80, chemical tanker 14, container 8, liquified gas 8, multi-functional large load carrier 1, petroleum tanker 10, refrigerated cargo 1, roll-on/roll-off 6, short-sea passenger 5, vehicle carrier 5 (1999 est.)
"Note:"Portugal has created a captive register on Madeira for Portuguese-owned ships; ships on the Madeira Register (MAR) will have taxation and crewing benefits of a flag of convenience (1998 est.)

Airports

66 (1999 est.)

Airports - with paved runways

"Total:"40
"Over 3,047 m:"5
"2,438 to 3,047 m:"8
"1,524 to 2,437 m:"4
"914 to 1,523 m:"18
"Under 914 m:"5 (1999 est.)

Airports - with unpaved runways

"Total:"26
"914 to 1,523 m:"1
"Under 914 m:"25 (1999 est.)

See also

* Comboios de Portugal: The state passenger rail service in Portugal
* Naval Ships
* Rede Nacional de Expressos (express buses)

External links

* [http://www.metrolisboa.pt/Default.aspx?alias=www.metrolisboa.pt/eng Lisbon Metro] (English)
* [http://www.lkw-walter.co.uk/english/transport_portugal.htm Truck transport Portugal]


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