Jacques Pelletier du Mans

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name = Jacques Peletier du Mans


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birth_date = 1517
birth_place = FRA Le Mans
death_date = 1582
death_place = FRA Paris
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occupation = Humanist, Poet, Mathematician
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Jacques Peletier du Mans (1517 Le Mans – 1582 Paris) was a humanist, poet and mathematician of the French Renaissance. Born into a bourgeois family, he studied at the Collège de Navarre (in Paris) where his brother Jean was a professor of mathematics and philosophy. He subsequently studied law and medicine, frequented the literary circle around Marguerite of Navarre and from 1541-43 was secretary to René du Bellay. In 1541 he published the first French translation of Horace's "Ars poetica" and during this period he also published numerous scientific and mathematical treatises.

In 1547 he pronounced a funeral oration for Henry VIII of England and published his first poems "Œuvres poétiques", which included translations from the first two cantos of Homer's Odyssey and the first book of Virgil's Georgics, twelve Petrarchian sonnets, three Horacian odes and a Martial-like epigram; this poetry collection also included the first published poems of Joachim Du Bellay and Pierre de Ronsard (Ronsard would include Jacques Peletier into his list of revolutionary contemporary poets "La Pléiade"). He then began to frequent a humanist circle around Théodore de Bèze, Jean Martin, Denis Sauvage.

Jacques Peletier tried to reform French spelling (which in the Renaissance had, through a misguided attempt to model French words on their Latin roots, acquired many inconsistencies (see Middle French)) in a treatise (1550) advocating a phonetic-based spelling using new typographic signs which Peletier would continue to use in all his published works (because of this system, "Peletier" is consistently spelled with one "l").

After years spent in Bordeaux, Poitiers, Piedmont (where Peletier may have been the tutor of the son of Maréchal de Brissac) and Lyon (where he frequented the poets and humanists Maurice Scève, Louise Labé, Olivier de Magny and Pontus de Tyard). In 1555 he published a manual of poetic composition, "Art poétique français", a Latin oration calling for peace from Henri II of France and Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and a new collection of poetry "L'Amour des amours" (consisting of a sonnet cycle and a series of encyclopedic poems describing meteors, planets and the heavens) which would influence poets Guillaume du Bartas and Jean-Antoine de Baïf.

His last years were spent in travels (Savoy, Germany, Switzerland, maybe Italy, and various regions in France) and in publishing numerous works in Latin on algebra, geometry and mathematics, medicine (a refutation of Galen, a work on the Plague). In 1572 he was briefly director of the College of Aquitaine (Bordeaux), but, bored by the position, he resigned. During this period he was friends with Michel de Montaigne and Pierre de Brach. In 1579 he returned to Paris and was named director of the College of Le Mans. A final collection of poetry "Louanges" was published in 1581. Peletier died in July or August 1582.

Mathematical Naming Conventions

While maintaining the original system of the French mathematician Nicolas Chuquet (1485) for the names of large numbers, Jacques Peletier proposed names for the intermediate numbers, when grouping by six digits moved towards the modern grouping by three digits. The already existing series of terms ending "-illion" were supplemented by a related series ending "-illiard", representing three powers of ten greater than the corresponding term in "-illion". This convention is used throughout the world, except English-language countries, Brazil, Greece, Turkey, Russia and Puerto Rico.

References

*fr icon Simonin, Michel, ed. "Dictionnaire des lettres françaises - Le XVIe siècle." Paris: Fayard, 2001. ISBN 2-253-05663-4
* Revue Historique et Archéologique du Maine, Le Mans, 2000, passim.

ee also

*Nicolas Chuquet
*List of numbers
*English-language numerals
*Names of large numbers
*Long and short scales
*French Renaissance literature
*Humanism

Persondata
NAME = Peletier du Mans, Jacques
ALTERNATIVE NAMES =
SHORT DESCRIPTION = Humanist, Poet, Mathematician
DATE OF BIRTH = 1517
PLACE OF BIRTH = Le Mans, France
DATE OF DEATH = 1582
PLACE OF DEATH = Paris, France


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  • Jacques Pelletier du Mans — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Pelletier. Jacques Pelletier du Mans (Le Mans, 1517 – Paris, 1582) était un mathématicien et poète humaniste français. Sommaire 1 Biographie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jacques Pelletier du Mans — (1517–1582) fue un matemático y poeta francés. A la vez que mantenía el sistema original de Nicolas Chuquet, propuso nombres para los números intermedios, cuando el agrupamiento de seis cifras migró hacia el agrupamiento moderno de tres cifras.… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jacques Pelletier du Mans — (1517–1582) fue un matemático y poeta francés. A la vez que mantenía el sistema original de Nicolas Chuquet, propuso nombres para los números intermedios, cuando el agrupamiento de seis cifras migró hacia el agrupamiento moderno de tres cifras.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jacques Peletier Du Mans — Jacques Pelletier du Mans Pour les articles homonymes, voir Pelletier. Jacques Pelletier du Mans (Le Mans, 1517 – Paris, 1582) était un mathématicien et poète humaniste français. Sommaire 1 Biographie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jacques Peletier du Mans — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Pelletier. Les Jardins Jacques Pelletier du Mans Jacques Peletier du Mans ou Pelletier, né au Mans, le 25 juillet 1517 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jacques Peletier — Jacques Pelletier du Mans Pour les articles homonymes, voir Pelletier. Jacques Pelletier du Mans (Le Mans, 1517 – Paris, 1582) était un mathématicien et poète humaniste français. Sommaire 1 Biographie …   Wikipédia en Français

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