The Western Yan (zh-stp|s=西燕|t=西燕|p=Xīyàn;
384- 394) was a stateof Xianbeiethnicity during the era of Sixteen Kingdomsin China. It was founded by Murong Hongin 384in the aftermaths of Former Qin's defeat by Jin Dynasty (265-420)at the Battle of Fei River, with the stated intent of permitting the Xianbei, whom Former Qin's emperor Fu Jiānhad relocated to Former Qin's capital region after destroying Former Yanin 370. It initially also was intended to rescue the last Former Yan emperor Murong Wei, until he was executed by Fu Jiān in 385. It was a state that was characterized by extreme political instability and internal fighting, as all seven of its rulers (during a short span of 10 years) died of unnatural causes. After eviscerating Former Qin, the people of the state abandoned the Guanzhongregion and headed east back toward their homeland, but eventually settled down in modern Shanxi. It was destroyed in 394as Later Yan's emperor Murong Chuiwanted to reunite the people formerly of Yan and conquered it.
Some rulers of the Western Yan declared themselves emperors while some declared themselves "wang" (translatable as either "king" or "prince").
Rulers of the Western Yan
List of past Chinese ethnic groups
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