The Dhofar (Arabic ظفار Ẓufār) region lies in Southern
Oman, on the eastern border of Yemen. Its mountainousarea covers convert|99300|km2|abbr=on and has the population of 215,960 as of census 2003. The largest town in the region is Salalah. Historically, it was the chief source of frankincensein the world. However, its frankincense is now mostly used locally. ( Somaliais now the leading exporter.)
While Arabic speakers from the dominant
Omaniculture have come to live in the province, especially the larger cities and towns, Dhofar has been the traditional homeland of many tribespeople speaking a variety of South Arabian Semiticlanguages. One of the largest - spoken by the Qara(Ehkelô), Shahra, Barahama, ِAl Mashaikhand Bathiramountain tribes - is called Shehri- popularly referred to as "Shahri people" or "mountain talk". It is closely related to Mehriin Yemen. Other indigenous groups speaking smaller languages such as Bathari live in the coastal towns of Shuwaymiyaand Sharbithat. The Harasis, speaking Harsusi, number 1-2,000 and live in Jiddat al-Harasis.
Al-Mahara in Yemen and Dhofar in Oman are the only parts of south
Arabiadirectly exposed to the South East monsoonfrom mid August to late September or early October; this is known as the khareef. As a result, it has a lush green climate during the monsoon season and for sometime after until the vegetation loses its moisture. Dhofar's temporarily wet climate contrasts sharply with the neighboring barren Empty QuarterDesert. The Salalahplain was once a well cultivated area with a sophisticated irrigation system. During World War Iit was fertile enough to produce food and grain to supply a large proportion of the requirement of the British Armyfighting in Mesopotamia.
A counter-insurgency campaign was fought here by the
Sultan of Oman's Armed Forces(SAF) 1965-1975 against guerrilla fighters of the Marxist Popular Front for the Liberation of Oman and the Persian Gulf (PFLOAG), supported by Communist South Yemenafter that territory's independence. It aimed to depose the Sultan. The Sultan's forces, assisted by the United Kingdom, Iran, Jordanand India, prevailed, and once the campaign was declared over in December 1975, the active remainder of PFLO forces surrendered.
Dhofar is a tribal community, home to many ancient tribes. The Arab tribes include Al Kathiri tribes which include, Al Shanfari (known to have played the main role in extending the current Al-Busaidi dynasty to the Dhofar region), Al-Rawas, Al-Marhoon, Al-Fadhil, Al-Hadhri,Bait Kaheir, Bait Ghawas, Al Masaly, Al-Hubais, Al-Rashdi and others. There are also Al-Hashmeis, Al-Yafei, Al-Mashaikh and more
The Qara/ Jebbali tribes include Al-Mashani (better known for Mazoon Al-Mashani, mother of the Sultan of Oman), Bait Said, Bait Tabouk, Bait Kashoob,Bait Qatan, Jabob,Al Awaid Al-Amri, Al-shahri and more.
It has been recently discovered that the Dhofar region is rich in meteorites.
Dhofar governorate consists of ten
districts (" wilayat"):
Mazyonahor al-Mazuna(new since October 2006)
Shalim and the Hallaniyat Islands
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Dhofar — (arabisch ظفار Zufār, DMG Ẓufār) ist ein Gouvernement (arabisch محافظة, DMG muḥafaẓa) im Süden des Sultanats Oman mit 215.960 Einwohnern (Volkszählung 7. Dezember 2003) und einer Fläche von 99.300 Quadratkilometern. Die… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Dhofar S.C.S.C. — Dhofar S.C.S.C. نادي ظفار Full name Dhofar Sports, Cultural, and Social Club Nickname(s) Al Zaeem (The Leader(s)/The Boss) Founded 1968 (as Al Shaab) July 24, 19 … Wikipedia
Dhofar — [ȓ ], Sufar, Zofar [ȓ ], der südwestliche Landesteil von Oman auf der Arabischen Halbinsel, etwa 100 000 km2, 40 000 Einwohner; Hauptort ist die Hafenstadt Salala. An die schmale Küstenebene schließt sich mit Steilanstieg ein ausgedehntes… … Universal-Lexikon
Dhofar — 18° N 54° E / 18, 54 … Wikipédia en Français
Dhofar — ▪ region, Oman also spelled Dhufar, Arabic Ẓufār, historical region in southern Oman, extending from Cape Ash Sharbatāt on the coast of the Arabian Sea southwestward to the Oman Yemen border. The region s northern boundary has never… … Universalium
Dhofar — Situación de Dhofar en Omán. La gobernación de Dhofar o Zufar (árabe ظفار Ẓufār) se encuentra al sur de Omán y al este de Yemen. Históricamente ha sido la fuente principal del incienso en el mundo. Sin embargo, este incienso es usado localmente;… … Wikipedia Español
Dhofar — La gobernación de Dhofar o Zufar (Árabe ظفار Ẓufār) se encuentra al sur de Omán y al este de Yemen. Históricamente ha sido la fuente principal del incienso en el mundo. Sin embargo, este franquincienso es usado localmente; Somalia es ahora el… … Enciclopedia Universal
Dhofar — … Useful english dictionary
Dhofar Rebellion — Date 1962–1976 Location Oman, Middle East Result Defeat of insurgents Modernisation of Oman … Wikipedia
Dhofar Shrew — Dhofar Shrew Conservation status Data Deficient (IUCN 3.1)[2 … Wikipedia