The title Earl Fife was created in the
Peerage of Irelandin 1759 for the 1st Baron Braco, and though in the Irish Peerage it referred to Fifein Scotland. The 1st Earl had been created Baron Braco, of Kilbryde in the County of Cavan, in 1735, and was created Viscount Macduff at the same time as being raised to the Earldom. Both of these junior titles, though also in the Peerage of Ireland, also referred to places in Scotland, namely Braco and Macduff in Banffshire.
In 1790 the 2nd Earl was created Baron Fife, of the County of Fife, in the
Peerage of Great Britain, but this title became extinct on his death in 1809. The 4th Earl was also created Baron Fife, of the County of Fife, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, in 1827, but again this title became extinct on his death in 1857. The 5th Earl was created Baron Skene, of Skene in the County of Aberdeen, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, later that year.
In 1885, the 6th Earl was created Earl of Fife in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. In 1889, he was further created Duke of Fife, in Scotland, and Marquess of Macduff, in the County of Banff, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, shortly after his marriage to Princess Louise of Wales, the eldest daughter of Albert Edward, Prince of Wales (the future King Edward VII). When it became clear that he would have no sons, he was further created Duke of Fife and Earl of Macduff, in the County of Banff, also in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, with a special remainder to his daughters and their heirs male.
When the 1st Duke died in 1912, the Earldom became extinct, along with the first Dukedom of Fife, the Marquessate of Macduff, the newer Earldom of Fife, the Viscountcy of Macduff and the Baronies of Braco and Skene. The second Dukedom of Fife and the Earldom of Macduff passed by their special remainders to his elder daughter, Princess Alexandra of Fife. (See
Duke of Fifefor the succession to those titles.)
Barons Braco (1735)
*William Duff, 1st Baron Braco (c. 1696-1763) (created Earl Fife in 1759)
Earls Fife (1759)
William Duff, 1st Earl Fife(c. 1696-1763)
James Duff, 2nd Earl Fife(1729-1809)
Alexander Duff, 3rd Earl Fife(1731-1811)
James Duff, 4th Earl Fife(1776-1857)
James Duff, 5th Earl Fife(1814-1879)
*Alexander Duff, 1st Duke of Fife, 6th Earl Fife (1849-1912)
Duke of Fife
Earl of Fife
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