Battle of DimDim
Infobox Military Conflict
conflict = Battle of DimDim
date = November, 1609 to Summer of 1610
place = Fortress of DimDim on Mt. Dimdim,
casus = Amir Khan Lapze sought to maintain the independence of his expanding principality in the face of both Ottoman and Safavid penetration into the region.
result = Safavid Victory
*Dimdim captured by Safavids
*All the inhabitants of DimDim are massacred.
*General massacre in Beradost and Mukriyan.
*Resettled the regions of Baradust and Mokr with Turkish
*Deportation of many Kurdish tribes to
combatant1 = Kurdish Principality of Baradust
commander1 = -
Amir Khan Lepzerin
commander2 = - Shah Abbas I
- Hatem Beg
The Battle of DimDim is the name for the battle between the Kurds and the
Safavid Empirebetween 1609 and 1610.
The battle took place at the fortress of DimDim located on Mt. Dimdim in Beradost region around Lake
Urmiain northwestern Iran. The fortress that Amir Khan Lepzerin rebuilt was eventually captured by the Safavid army and later destroyed by the order of the Ottoman governor of Urmi. Although the fortress was destroyed, today the exact location of the fortress can be determined, since small portions of the walls and piles of building materiel are still visible in what was the location of the fortress of DimDim.
The battle took place around the fortress called "Dimdim"(DimDim) located in Beradost region around Lake
Urmiain northwestern Iran. In 1609, the ruined structure was rebuilt by "Amir Khan Lepzerin" (The Khan with the Golden Hand), ruler of Beradost, who sought to maintain the independence of his expanding principality in the face of both Ottoman and Safavid penetration into the region. Rebuilding Dimdim was considered a move toward independence that could threaten Safavid power in the northwest. Many Kurds, including the rulers of Mukriyan (modern day Mahabad), rallied around Amir Khan.
There are well documented historical accounts of a long battle from 1609 to 1610 between Kurds and the
After a long and bloody siege led by the Safavid grand vizier Hatem Beg, which lasted from November 1609 to the summer of 1610, Dimdim was captured. All the defenders were massacred. Shah Abbas I ordered a general massacre in Beradost and Mukriyan (reported by Eskandar Beg Turkoman, Safavid Historian in the Book "Alam Aray-e Abbasi") and resettled the Turkish
Afshartribe in the region while deporting many Kurdish tribes to Khorasanregion. Although Persian historians (like Eskandar Beg ) depicted the first battle of Dimdim as a result of Kurdish mutiny or treason, in Kurdish oral traditions (Beytî dimdim), literary works (Dzhalilov, pp. 67-72), and histories, it was treated as a struggle of the Kurdish people against foreign domination. In fact, Beytî dimdim is considered a national epic second only to Mem û Zînby Ehmedê Xanî. The first literary account of this battle is written by Faqi Tayran. [ [http://www.iranica.com/articles/v7/v7f4/v7f446.html DIMDIM ] ] [ISBN 0-89158-296-7] [O. Dzh. Dzhalilov, Kurdski geroicheski epos "Zlatoruki Khan" (The Kurdish heroic epic "Gold-hand Khan"), Moscow, 1967, pp. 5-26, 37-39, 206.]
History of the Kurdish people
Timeline of Kurdish uprisings
References and Notes
* [http://www.iranica.com/articles/v7/v7f4/v7f446.html DimDim] ,
* [http://www.amazon.com/dp/0891582967/ History of Shah Abbas the Great: Tarik-E Alamara-Ye Abbasi]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Dimdim Castle — (Kurdish: Qelay Dimdim) was a Kurdish fortress located on top of Mount DimDim in West Azarbaijan Province of Iran, just west of Lake Urmia. The fortress dates from pre Islamic period and in 1609 it was rebuilt by Kurdish leader Emir Xan Lepzêrin … Wikipedia
History of the Kurdish people — This article is part of the Kurdish history and Culture series Ancient history Corduene Kayusid Medieval history Shahrazur Shaddadid Rawadid Hasanwayhid Annazid Marwanid Hadhabani Hazaraspid Ayyubid Badlis Ardalan … Wikipedia
Iranian Kurdistan — (Kurdish: کوردستانی ئران Kurdistanî Iran ) [ [http://www.amude.net/Hevpeyvin Kurdi deep.php?newsLanguage=Kurdi newsId=866 www.amude.com ] ] or Kurdistana Rojhilat (Eastern Kurdistan) [ [http://www.demanu.com.tr/arsiv/06 03 2006 143sy/niv 06… … Wikipedia
Emîr Xan Lepzêrîn — (transliterated: Amir Khan Lapzerin) was a Kurdish ruler of Beradost near Urmia. In 1609 he build up the ruined structure of the castle DimDim. He tries to get more independence of his expanding principality in the face of both Ottoman and… … Wikipedia
Faqi Tayran — Faqi Tayran, (or Feqiyê Teyran), (1590 1660) is considered as one of the great classic Kurdish poets and writers. His real name was Mir Mihemed . He was born in a village called Miks in the Hakkari region of the Ottoman Empire (present day south… … Wikipedia
List of conflicts in the Near East — This article is about past conflicts in the Near East. For modern conflicts, see List of modern conflicts in the Middle East. A geographical map showing territories commonly considered part of the Near East. The area known as the Near East is… … Wikipedia
Mukriyan — This article is part of the Kurdish history and Culture series Ancient history Corduene Kayusid Medieval history Shahrazur Shaddadid Rawadid Hasanwayhid Annazid Marwanid Hadhabani Hazaraspid Ayyubid Badlis Ardalan … Wikipedia
Mahabad — For other uses, see Mahabad (disambiguation). Mahabad مهاباد city Lake of Mahabad … Wikipedia
List of Kurdish people — This is a list of well known Kurdish people. It includes poets, writers, historians, archaeologists, clerics, rulers, politicians and artists.Liturature#Ahmade Bate (Ehmedê Batê ),(1417 1491), Kurdish poet and cleric, Hakkari region. #Ali Hariri… … Wikipedia
Kurdish literature — (in Kurdish: Wêjeya Kurdî [http://ku.wikipedia.org/wiki/W%C3%AAje] ) refers to literature written in Kurdish language. Literary Kurdish works have been written in one of the three main dialects of Gorani, Kurmanji and Sorani. There is no existing … Wikipedia