South American Coati
South American Coati Conservation status Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Carnivora Family: Procyonidae Genus: Nasua Species: N. nasua Binomial name Nasua nasua
South American Coati range
The South American Coati, or Ring-tailed Coati (Nasua nasua), is a species of coati from South America. In Brazilian Portuguese it is known as quati. It is native to Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Surinam, Uruguay and Venezuela. It is the southern replacement of its very similar cousin, the White-nosed Coati. Weight in this species is 3.4–6 kg (7.5-13.2 lbs) and total length is about 1 m (3.3 ft), half of that being its tail.
South American Coatis are diurnal animals, and they live both on the ground and in trees. They typically live in the forest. They are omnivorous and primarily eat fruit, invertebrates, other small animals and bird's eggs. Coatis search for fruit in trees high in the canopy, and use their snouts to poke through crevices to find animal prey on the ground. They also search for animal prey by turning over rocks on the ground or ripping open logs with their claws.
Females generally live in large groups, called bands, consisting of 15 to 30 animals. Males, on the other hand, are usually solitary. Solitary males were originally considered a separate species due to the different social habits and were called "coatimundis", a term still sometimes used today. Neither bands of females nor solitary males defend a unique territory, and territories therefore overlap.
Group members produce soft whining sounds, but alarm calls are different, consisting of loud woofs and clicks. When an alarm call is sounded, the coatis typically climb trees, and then drop down to the ground and disperse. Coatis typically sleep in the trees. Predators of the South American Coati include foxes, jaguars, jaguarundis, domestic dogs, and people.
All females in a group come into heat simultaneously when fruit is in season. Females mate with multiple males. Gestation period is 77 days. Females give birth to 2-4 young at a time, which are raised in a nest in the trees for 4–6 weeks. Females leave the group during this time. Females tend to remain with the group they were born in but males generally disperse from their mothers' group after 3 years.
South American Coatis generally live for up to 7 years in the wild, but can live up to 14 years in captivity.
The South American Coati has 13 receognized subspecies:
- Nasua nasua nasua
- Nasua nasua aricana
- Nasua nasua boliviensis
- Nasua nasua candace
- Nasua nasua cinerascens
- Nasua nasua dorsalis
- Nasua nasua manium
- Nasua nasua molaris
- Nasua nasua montana
- Nasua nasua quichua
- Nasua nasua solitaria
- Nasua nasua spadicea
- Nasua nasua vittata
- ^ Wilson, Don E.; Reeder, DeeAnn M., eds (2005). Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2 vols. (2142 pp.). ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/browse.asp?id=14001630.
- ^ Duckworth, J.W. & Schipper, J. (2008). Nasua nasua. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 9 October 2008.
- ^ a b "Mammal Species of the World, 3rd edition". http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/browse.asp?id=14001630. Retrieved 2007-07-13.
- ^ http://www.waza.org/en/zoo/visit-the-zoo/small-carnivores-1254385523/nasua-nasua
- ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=p2MDAzCeQQoC&pg=PA288&lpg=PA288&dq=NASUA+NASUA+KG&source=bl&ots=OBIAoRtdel&sig=fb9b2XJjnWFo1bp3FzfcDNXldSc&hl=en&ei=HNBvTaLrOsP_lgeMqNRh&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5&ved=0CCYQ6AEwBDgK#v=onepage&q=NASUA%20NASUA%20KG&f=false
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j Emmons, Louise (1997). Neotropical Rainforest Mammals, A Field Guide, 2nd Edition. pp. 153–154. ISBN 0-226-20721-8.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "BBC Ring-tailed Coati". http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/wildfacts/factfiles/613.shtml. Retrieved 2007-07-13.
- ^ "Southern Coati". http://itech.pjc.edu/sctag/coati/Southern%20Coati.htm. Retrieved 2007-07-13.
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coati — /koh ah tee/, n., pl. coatis. any tropical American carnivore of the genus Nasua, related to the raccoon, having an elongated body, long, ringed tail, and a slender, flexible snout. Also, coati mondi, coati mundi /koh ah tee mun dee/. [1670 80; < … Universalium