Reunion cuckoo-shrike

name = Reunion Cuckoo-shrike
status = CR
status_system = iucn3.1
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Aves
ordo = Passeriformes
familia = Campephagidae
genus = "Coracina"
species = "C. newtoni"
binomial = "Coracina newtoni"
binomial_authority = (Pollen, 1866)

The Reunion Cuckoo-shrike, "Coracina newtoni", is a nearly extinct forest bird from the island of Réunion in the Indian Ocean. This species in the cuckoo-shrike family is restricted to two small patches of forest in the north of the island.

The Reunion Cuckoo-shrike is a small arboreal bird. The plumage is dimorphic between the sexes. The male is grey coloured with a darker back and lighter underside; the face is darker and has the impression of a mask. The female is quite different, being dark brown above and striped underneath with a white eye-line. The call of the species is a clear whistled "tui tui tui", from which is derived its local Réunion Creole/French name, "tuit-tuit".

The species is restricted to the canopy of native forests, occurring today in subtropical mountain forests. It is thought to have once ranged across the whole of Réunion's lowland forests. The diet of this species is principally insects, though fruit are also taken.BLI (2006a)]

The Reunion Cuckoo-shrike is an endangered species and is currently the focus of conservation efforts. Its range has declined significantly and is currently an area of just 16 km². The population of the species is currently stable but at the low number of around 240 adult birds, and is very vulnerable to localised disasters such as forest fires or habitat degradation. Introduced cats and rats prey on the species (particularly on young birds), and introduced herbivores such as deer degrade what little habitat remains.

Formerly classified as an Endangered species by the IUCN [BLI (2004)] , it was suspected to be rarer than generally assumed. Following the evaluation of its status, this was found to be correct, and it is consequently uplisted to Critically Endangered status in 2008 as it is in immediate danger of extinction, numbering so few birds that it might be entirely wiped out by a single catastrophic event such as a tropical cyclone [BLI (2008)] .

Pilot studies have shown that controlling rat and cat numbers around nesting sites leads to increased survival of chicks, and the test programme of trapping and poisoning is going to be expanded. The species' survival plan also includes recommendations to translocate some individuals to suitable habitat in other parts of the island. [BLI (2006b)]



*|year=2004|id=5296|title=Coracina newtoni|downloaded=23 May 2008
* (2006a) [ Species factsheet: "Coracina newtoni"] . Retrieved 2006-10-09.
* (2006b) [ Road to recovery for rare cuckooshrike] . Retrieved 2006-10-09.
* (2008): [ [2008 IUCN Redlist status changes] . Retrieved 2008-MAY-23.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Reunion cuckoo-shrike — Niutono medšarkinis vikšralesys statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Coracina newtoni angl. Reunion cuckoo shrike vok. Newtonraupenfänger, m rus. реюньонский сорокопутовый личинкоед, m pranc. échenilleur cuisenier, m ryšiai:… …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

  • Cuckoo-shrike — Taxobox name = Cuckoo shrike image width = 250px image caption = Black faced Cuckoo shrike Coracina novaehollandiae regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves ordo = Passeriformes subordo = Passeri familia = Campephagidae familia… …   Wikipedia

  • Réunion Cuckooshrike — Réunion Cuckoo shrike Conservation status Critically Endangered (IUCN 3.1) Scientific classification …   Wikipedia

  • Réunion National Park — Infobox protected area name = Réunion National Park iucn category = II caption = locator x = 169 locator y = 86 location = Réunion (France) Western Indian Ocean nearest city = Saint Denis lat degrees = 21 lat minutes = 9 lat seconds = 0 lat… …   Wikipedia

  • List of birds of Réunion — This is a list of the bird species recorded in Réunion. The avifauna of Réunion includes a total of 91 species, of which 4 are endemic, 21 have been introduced by humans, and 20 are rare or accidental. 1 species listed is extirpated in Réunion… …   Wikipedia

  • Wildlife of Reunion — The Wildlife of Reunion includes its flora and fauna and their natural habitats. Being a small island, it only has 9 species of mammals and 91 species of birds.Mammalsubclass: TheriaInfraclass: EutheriaOrder: Chiroptera (bats) The bats most… …   Wikipedia

  • Campephagidae — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Orugueros Coracina novaehollandiae Clas …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sibley-Monroe checklist 13 — The Sibley Monroe checklist was a landmark document in the study of birds. It drew on extensive DNA DNA hybridisation studies to reassess the relationships between modern birds. Passeriformes (continued) =Corvidae= * Androphobus viridis Papuan… …   Wikipedia

  • Endemic birds of Madagascar and western Indian Ocean islands — This article is one of a series providing information about endemism among birds in the World s various zoogeographic zones. For an overview of this subject see Endemism in birds.Patterns of endemismThis region is notable not just for the high… …   Wikipedia

  • List of endangered animal species — This is a list of endangered animal species according to the World Conservation Union (IUCN) Red List. The list includes endangered species of the kingdom Animalia. NOTOC A* Acheilognathus elongatus * Acipenser Endangered * Acrocephalus… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.