The Insubres or Insubri were a population settled in Insubria, in what is now Lombardy. They were the founders of Milan ("Mediolanum"). Though Celtic at the time of Roman conquest, they were most likely the result of the fusion of pre-existing Ligurian and Italic population strata with Gaulish tribes who had come from what is now southern France.

Together with the Boii, Lingones, Taurini, Gesati and other Gaulish groups, the Insubres were defeated in 224 or 225 BC by the Roman army led by consul Lucius Aemilius Papus at the Battle of Telamon. Two years later the Romans, backed by their Gaulish allies the Cenomani, reduced the only fortified place of the Insubres at Acerrae, and defeated them again at the Battle of Clastidium. After the defeat of the Gesati, they were compelled to accept the Roman occupation of Milan in 221 and forcible alliance with Rome, while the victors annexed much of their territory.

During the invasion of Hannibal of 218-217 BC, the Insubres rebelled in support of the Carthaginians. They supported the Carthaginians again in 200 BC, this time under Hamilcar. After several other clashes, they definitively allied with Rome in 194, maintaining some autonomy for their capital. In 89 BC they obtained Latin citizenship and, in 49 BC, Roman citizenship.

Romanization of the Insubres was probably quick, also due to the reported similarities of the Celtic and Latin languages; in a short span of time after the Roman conquest several literary figures emerged, like that of Caecilius Statius.

Insubria and Insubric language have been named after this people's name.

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  • INSUBRES — pop. Galliae Transpadanae, inter Sessitem et Adduam slumina contenti, Polyb. Strabo l. 9. p. 212, 213. et l. 7. p. 292. Plin. l. 3. c. 17. Tac. Ann. et aliis; l. XI. c. 23. quorum regio Ducatus s. Stato di Milano solet appellari; sed Ducatus… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Insŭbres — (a. Geogr.), celtischer Volksstamm im Lugdunensischen Gallien an der Loire, u. im Transpadanischen Gallien zwischen dem Ticinus u. Sarius; sie waren nächst den Bojern die zahlreichste u. mächtigste Völkerschaft in Oberitalien, gründeten Mailand u …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Insubres — Les Insubres étaient un peuple celte d Italie du Nord auquel est attribuée la fondation de Milan. Sommaire 1 Territoire et Ethnogenèse 2 Historiographie 3 Histoire 4 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Insubres — ▪ people       the most powerful Celtic people of Gallia Cisalpina (Cisalpine Gaul), in northern Italy. Despite their defeat at Clastidium (modern Casteggio) by Roman forces in 222 BC, they continued to be troublesome and aided the Carthaginian… …   Universalium

  • Insubriens — Insubres Les Insubres étaient un peuple celte d Italie du Nord auquel est attribuée la fondation de Milan. Sommaire 1 Territoire et Ethnogenèse 2 Historiographie 3 Histoire 4 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Инсубры — (Insubres) древнегалльский народ, живший в равнине р. По, с главн. гор. Медиоланом (нынешний Милан); вместе с боями самый могущественный и воинственный народ в Италийской Галлии. Покоренные римлянами незадолго до Второй Пунической войны, И.… …   Энциклопедический словарь Ф.А. Брокгауза и И.А. Ефрона

  • ИНСУБРЫ —    • Insŭbres,           Ίνσουβρες, Ίνσουβροι, вместе с боями сильнейшее, могущественнейшее кельтское племя в Италии, в транспаданской Галлии, между рекою Тицином и озером Larius (L. di Como) со столицей Меdiolanum (см. Медиоланум). В 222 г. до Р …   Реальный словарь классических древностей

  • Fondation de Milan — La fondation de la ville de Milan attribuée au peuple celte des Insubres, est estimée autour du VIe siècle av. J.‑C., Le nom Milan est issu de Mediolanum [1]. Les linguistes traduisent habituellement ce nom par un composé signifiant… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Insubrien — (italienisch Insubria, lombardisch Insübria[1]) bezeichnet die Region zwischen dem Po und den voralpinen Seen, die in der Antike von den Insubrern bewohnt wurde. Nach Titus Livius[2] haben die Insubrer im vierten Jahrhundert v. Chr.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cenomani (Cisalpine Gaul) — The Cenomani (Greek: polytonic|Κενομάνοι, Strabo, Ptol.; polytonic|Γονομάνοι, Polyb.), was an ancient tribe of the Cisalpine Gauls, who occupied the tract north of the Padus (modern Po River), between the Insubres on the west and the Veneti on… …   Wikipedia

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