Craterus

For other uses , see Craterus (disambiguation)

Craterus (Greek: Κρατερός, ca. 370 BC – 321 BC) was a Macedonian general under Alexander the Great and one of the Diadochi.

Alexander and Craterus in a lion hunt, mosaic in Pella

He was the son of a Macedonian nobleman named Alexander from Orestis and brother of admiral Amphoterus. Craterus commanded the phalanx and all infantry on the left wing in Battle of Issus (333 BC). In Hyrcania he was sent on a mission against the Tapurians, his first independent command with the Macedonian army. At the Battle of the Hydaspes River (326 BC, near modern Jhelum) he commanded the rearguard, which stayed on the western bank; his men crossed the river only during the final stages of the battle.

At large festivities in Susa, Craterus married princess Amastris, daughter of Oxyathres, the brother of Darius III. Craterus and Polyperchon were appointed to lead 11,500 veteran soldiers back to Macedonia. Craterus was in Cilicia, where he was building the fleet, when Alexander unexpectedly died in Babylon.

In 322 BC Craterus aided Antipater in the Lamian War against Athens. He sailed with his Cilician navy to Greece and led troops at the Battle of Crannon in 322 BC. When Antigonus rose in rebellion against Perdiccas and Eumenes, Craterus joined him, alongside Antipater and Ptolemy. He married Antipater's daughter Phila. He was killed in battle against Eumenes in Asia Minor when his charging horse fell over him, somewhere near the Hellespont, in 321 BC.

Historical novels

  • Named with the phonetically accurate spelling of Krateros, Craterus is one of the minor characters in the historical novel Roxana Romance by A.J. Cave.
  • Also named as Krateros, Craterus is a major character in the two Alexander novels by Mary Renault, The Persian Boy and The Fire From Heaven.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • CRATERUS — I. CRATERUS Macedo e comitibus Alexandri, qui etiam eius res gestas conscripsit. Rei militaris et literatae gloriâ florentissimus. Eius ad Aristopatram matrem epistol. de admirandis, quae vidisset, citat Strabo. l. 15. Vide Plut. in Alexandro.… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Craterus — Krateros (griechisch Κρατερός, * um 370 v. Chr.; † 321 v. Chr.) war ein makedonischer Feldherr Alexanders des Großen und kämpfte nach dessen Tod 323 v. Chr. in den Diadochenkriegen gegen den Reichsverweser Perdikkas. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Craterus — ▪ Macedonian general born c. 370?, BC died 321       one of the most brilliant generals of the Macedonian king Alexander the Great (ruled 336–323). Accompanying Alexander on his expedition of conquest in Asia, he played a key role in the defeat… …   Universalium

  • Craterus (disambiguation) — Craterus may refer to: Craterus of Macedon, King of Macedon in 399 BC Craterus, Macedonian general of Alexander the Great Craterus (historian), brother of Antigonus II Gonatas, compiler of historical documents relative to the history of Attica… …   Wikipedia

  • Craterus of Macedon — Craterus (Greek: Κρατερός), also called Crateuas, was King of Macedon for four days in 399 BC. He was lover of Archelaus I of Macedon, whom he killed to become a king himself. [Ps. Plato, Alcibiades II , [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi… …   Wikipedia

  • CRATERUS Pictor — qui Comoedos Athenis in Pompeio pinxit. Plin. l. 35. c. 11 …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Craterus (historian) — For other people of the same name, see Craterus (disambiguation). Craterus was a Macedonian historian. He was brother of Antigonus II Gonatas and father of Alexander (prince of Corinth). He distinguished himself as a diligent compiler of… …   Wikipedia

  • КРАТЕР —    • Cratĕrus,          Κράτερoς,        1. брат Амфотера, командовал сначала частью пешей македонской охранной стражи, а затем отрядом конницы во время войны в Индии и пользовался большим уважением и любовью Александра как отличный полководец.… …   Реальный словарь классических древностей

  • Alexander the Great — This article is about the ancient king of Macedon. For other uses, see Alexander the Great (disambiguation). Alexander the Great Basileus of Macedon …   Wikipedia

  • Diadochi — Bust of Seleucus Nicator (victor), last of the original Diadochi standing by 281 BC The Diadochi (plural of Latin Diadochus, from Greek: Διάδοχοι, Diadokhoi, Successors ) were the rival generals, family and friends of Alexander the Great who… …   Wikipedia


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