Pure Food and Drug Act
dablink|This is an article about the United States Food and Drug Act; for the Canadian version see
Food and Drugs Act. For the band see Pure Food and Drug Act (band).
Infobox U.S. legislation
name= Pure Food and Drug Act
January 01, 1907
public law url=
cite public law=
cite statutes at large=
June 30, 1906
signedpresident= Theodore Roosevelt
amendments= The Pure Food and Drug Act of
June 30, 1906is a United States federal lawthat provided federal inspection of meat products and forbade the manufacture, sale, or transportation of adulterated food products and poisonous patent medicines. The Act arose due to public education and exposés from authors such as Upton Sinclairand Samuel Hopkins Adams, social activist Florence Kelley, researcher Harvey W. Wiley, and President Theodore Roosevelt.
Though the Pure Food and Drug Act was initially concerned with making sure products were labeled correctly (habit forming
cocaine-based drugs were not illegal so long as they were labeled correctly), the labeling requirement gave way to efforts to outlaw certain products that were not safe, followed by efforts to outlaw products which were safe but not efficacious. Ironically, Coca-Cola Company's earlier advertising behind the Act was rewarded by an attempt to outlaw Coca-Colain 1909 because of its excessive caffeinecontent as well as its cocaine content, albeit minuscule. In the case " United States v. Forty Barrels and Twenty Kegs of Coca-Cola", the judge found that Coca-Cola had a right to use caffeine as it saw fit, although excessive litigation costs caused Coca-Cola to settle out of court with the United States Government. The caffeine amount was reduced.
The 1906 Act paved the way for the eventual creation of the
Food and Drug Administration(FDA) and is generally considered to be that agency's founding date. The law itself was largely replaced by the much more comprehensive Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Actof 1938.
Biologics Control Act, a 1902 act that dealt with drug purity
The Jungle", Upton Sinclair's 1906 novel that generated concern over adulterated meat
Meat Inspection Act
* [http://www.thecrusadingchemist.com "The Crusading Chemist"] ,
Amanda Read's historical drama screenplay that retells the story of Harvey Wiley and the Pure Food and Drug Act
* [http://www.fda.gov/opacom/laws/wileyact.htm The Wiley Act on FDA]
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