3 Pure Food and Drug Act


Pure Food and Drug Act

dablink|This is an article about the United States Food and Drug Act; for the Canadian version see
Food and Drugs Act. For the band see Pure Food and Drug Act (band).

Infobox U.S. legislation
name= Pure Food and Drug Act
fullname=
acronym=
enacted by=
effective date= January 01, 1907
public law url=
cite public law=
cite statutes at large=
acts amended=
title amended=
sections created=
sections amended=
leghisturl=
introducedin=
introducedbill=
introducedby=
introduceddate=
committees=
passedbody1=
passeddate1=
passedvote1=
passedbody2= Senate
passeddate2= June 30, 1906
passedvote2=
conferencedate=
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passeddate4=
passedvote4=
signedpresident= Theodore Roosevelt
signeddate=
amendments=
The Pure Food and Drug Act of June 30, 1906 is a United States federal law that provided federal inspection of meat products and forbade the manufacture, sale, or transportation of adulterated food products and poisonous patent medicines. The Act arose due to public education and exposés from authors such as Upton Sinclair and Samuel Hopkins Adams, social activist Florence Kelley, researcher Harvey W. Wiley, and President Theodore Roosevelt.

Though the Pure Food and Drug Act was initially concerned with making sure products were labeled correctly (habit forming cocaine-based drugs were not illegal so long as they were labeled correctly), the labeling requirement gave way to efforts to outlaw certain products that were not safe, followed by efforts to outlaw products which were safe but not efficacious. Ironically, Coca-Cola Company's earlier advertising behind the Act was rewarded by an attempt to outlaw Coca-Cola in 1909 because of its excessive caffeine content as well as its cocaine content, albeit minuscule. In the case "United States v. Forty Barrels and Twenty Kegs of Coca-Cola", the judge found that Coca-Cola had a right to use caffeine as it saw fit, although excessive litigation costs caused Coca-Cola to settle out of court with the United States Government. The caffeine amount was reduced.

The 1906 Act paved the way for the eventual creation of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and is generally considered to be that agency's founding date. The law itself was largely replaced by the much more comprehensive Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938.

See also

* Biologics Control Act, a 1902 act that dealt with drug purity
* "The Jungle", Upton Sinclair's 1906 novel that generated concern over adulterated meat
* Food safety
* Meat Inspection Act
* Quackery
* [http://www.thecrusadingchemist.com "The Crusading Chemist"] , Amanda Read's historical drama screenplay that retells the story of Harvey Wiley and the Pure Food and Drug Act

External links

* [http://www.fda.gov/opacom/laws/wileyact.htm The Wiley Act on FDA]


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