List of C-130 Hercules crashes
In general, the
Lockheed C-130 Herculesis a highly reliable aircraft: the Royal Air Force(RAF) recorded an accident rate of about one aircraft loss per 250,000 flying hours over the last forty years, making it one of the safest aircraft they operate (alongside the Vickers VC10and Lockheed Tristar, with no flying losses).cite web
title=Aircraft Air Accidents and Damage Rates
publisher=Defence Analytical Services Agency
accessdate = 2006-08-22. Note that this data does not cover losses due to hostile action, which are counted separately from "accidents".] However, more than 15 percent of the approximately 2,350 production hulls have been lost, including 70 by the United States Air Force (USAF) and the United States Marine Corps (USMC) during the
Vietnam War.cite web
title=Lockheed C-130 Hercules
work=Aviation Safety Network
publisher=Flight Safety Foundation
accessdate = 2006-08-22] [ [http://aviation-safety.net/database/type/type.php?type=335 Aviation Safety Network] ] As of August 25, 2008, this is thought to be a complete listing through August 2008, but omits the JC-130A tested to destruction ("53-3130", c/n 3002) and airframes retired or withdrawn from service in the course of useful operational lives. By the nature of the Hercules' worldwide service, the pattern of losses provides a barometer of global hotspots over the past fifty years.
Guide to Hercules constructor numbers
The two prototype YC-130s, AF Serial Numbers "53-3396" and "53-3397", were built at the Burbank, California plant, and were given c/ns 1001 and 1002. Production Hercules have all been built at the Lockheed-Marietta, Georgia plant, and began their c/ns at 3001 (USAF "53-3129", still extant). The first prototype, c/n 1001, was disassembled at
Warner Robins AFBin October 1960. The second prototype, c/n 1002, was salvaged at Indianapolis, Indianain April 1962. ( Lars Olausson, Lockheed Hercules Production List, 1954-2008, April 2007, page 2.) There have been a small number of c/ns assigned to airframes on order that were not built for various reasons. Also, C-130A model production ended at c/n 3231, and a new series for the B-model began at c/n 3501, the only time a large block was skipped for an upgraded airframe.Some 2,350 hulls have been built or are on order. USMC KC-130J BuNo "167111", c/n 5580, delivered December 2006 to VMGR-352, is the 2,300th Hercules. As of 2008, constructor numbers have been projected for anticipated orders through c/n 5630, an as yet unserialled Royal Norwegian Air ForceC-130J-30, with projected delivery in August 2010 (Olausson, Production List, April 2008, page 130).
Crashes by decade
* . This was the first operational C-130 hull loss.cite web |url=http://www.aewa.org/Library/c-130.html |title=60528's CREW NEVER STOOD A CHANCE! |publisher=Airborne Early Warning Association |accessdate = 2006-09-25]
* over France.
* when it lost control during landing with single-engine failure.
* , with single-engine failure. Hull written off.
* , to repair C-130B "58-0734", c/n 3530, in October 1969.
* :"' C-130A "55-0020", c/n 3047, of the 40th Troop Carrier Squadron, crashed in France in bad weather.
* in bad weather after it descended under given altitude.
* , during a training flight - lost two engines.
* , during refuelling.
* for paratrooper training.
* . This was the first non-U.S. Hercules hull loss.
* , a C-130B "58-0719", c/n 3514, of the 313th Troop Carrier Wing, jumped the wheel chocks and pivoted into C-130B "58-0730", c/n 3525, of the same squadron. Both airframes were destroyed in the ensuing fire. This was the first of five recorded cases of Hercules fratricide, as of October 2008.
* , France, killing all seven crew.
* . Six killed.
* :"' C-130A "55-0042", c/n 3069, of the 817th Troop Carrier Squadron, was destroyed by sappers with satchel charges at Da Nang Air Base, South Vietnam.
* C-130B "12648", former USAF "61-2648", c/n 3691, supplied under MAP, was written off after it veered off runway on landing.
* in 1988.
* , after hits by friendly fire.
* 's "Vietnam Air Losses", page 52, the crew was attempting a VFR approach in low cloud and rain but the aircraft hit the water as it rolled out of a turn. Two crew and two passengers killed, three crew survived. Qui Nhon airfield became notorious for tricky crosswind conditions.
* , South Vietnam in bad weather - engine problems. All five crew survive.
* Aux. Field 3, in October 1995, c/n 3990, the faux "62-1843", was still there as of December 2005. The builders plate reads what the Air Force wants it to read, but the airframe hours tell no lies, and the identity is an open secret on the flightline.Fact|date=September 2008
* , South Vietnam.
* , South Vietnam - number three propeller did not reverse and airframe ran off runway. All five crew survived.
* . Six crew lost.
* :"' C-130A "56-0506", c/n 3114, of the 41st Troop Carrier Squadron, damaged landing at Tuy Hoa, South Vietnam, due to propeller reversal problem. Swerved into ditch to avoid truck at end of runway. Crew survived. Destroyed when towed by tank. Fuselage adapted for use as Officers Club building at Tuy Hoa.
* , South Vietnam. Three crew killed, two survived.
* :"' An RCAF CC-130B "10304", c/n 3590, crash landed in a field after losing a forward cargo door inflight, resulting in structural damage due to explosive decompression. . [ [http://www.c-130j.ca/downloads/TheC-130HerculesTurns50.pdf "Air Force" Vol 28 # 4] ]
* , North Vietnam. Crew of eight KIA when Hercules attempted to drop eight-foot diameter bomb containing 5,000 lbs. of explosives on the rail bridge but exploded a few miles north of the target, assumed to have been either shot down or suffered controlled flight into terrain.
* , Florida by November 1995. Loan to 8th Special Operations Squadron, as of November 2005.
* :"' [ [http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19660715-1&lang=en ASN Aircraft accident description Lockheed C-130B Hercules 24142 ] ] Pakistani Air Force C-130B "24142", former USAF "62-4142", c/n 3768, supplied under MAP, of 6 Sqn., crashed into mountain in Pakistan. All ten aboard killed.
* due to a navigation error during logistics flight from Southeast Asia. Five crew and three passengers killed.
* , South Vietnam.
* after hitting wake turbulence - written off.
* , crashed during landing with a high sink rate.
* , South Vietnam, after suffering split flap problem. Emergency landing in rice paddy, written off.
* :"' C-130E "63-7772", c/n 3838, of the 345th Troop Carrier Squadron, crashed on take-off from An Khe, South Vietnam - disturbance by helicopter.
* , South Vietnam - ammunition load exploded.
* C-130E IIAF serial "5-107", c/n 4118, of the 5th Air Transport Squadron, destroyed by lightning strike.
* :"' An RCAF CC-130E "130309" (formerly "10309"), c/n 4050, crashed after take-off from Trenton, possibly due to an elevator trim failure. [ [http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19670427-2&lang=en Aviation Safety Network] ]
* , South Vietnam. Structural failure, probably shot down.
* :"' C-130B "60-0293", c/n 3591, of the 772nd Troop Carrier Squadron, overran the runway at An Khe, South Vietnam on aborted take-off, written off.
* , November 1971. Scrapped 1999.
* :"' C-130A "55-0009", c/n 3036, of the 41st Troop Carrier Squadron, destroyed by mortar attack, Da Nang Air Base, South Vietnam.
* :"' EC-130E "62-1815", c/n 3777, of the 7th Airborne Command and Control Squadron, destroyed by mortar attack, Da Nang Air Base, South Vietnam.
* , South Vietnam.
* , written off.
* approach to execute airdrop.
* :"' C-130E "62-1865", c/n 3829, of the 776th Tactical Airlift Squadron, destroyed in rocket attack at Dak To, South Vietnam.
* :"' C-130E "63-7827", c/n 3904, of the 776th Tactical Airlift Squadron, destroyed in rocket attack at Dak To, South Vietnam.
* , South Vietnam.
* , after dropping leaflets.
* , South Vietnam, when ground fire set alight fuel bladder on board. Crash was documented in full color by cameramen at the Marine firebase.
* Air Base, South Vietnam. Round entered through overhead escape hatch.
* , page 139.
* , South Vietnam.
* , South Vietnam - electrical fire in aft cockpit. All six crew survive.
April 11 1968: L-100, c/n 4109, leased from Lockheed Aircraft Service Company as "N9261R" to Continental Air Services, November 1965, then sold to the Government of the Republic of Zambia, August 1966, and leased to Zambian Air Cargoes with registration "9J-RCY", August 1966. Hard-luck Hercules suffered fire in left wheel well on fourth attempt to taxi start engine, June 1967 at Dar-es-Salaam. Repaired by Marshall of Cambridge (Engineering), Cambridge, UK. Destroyed in ground collision with c/n 4137 at Ndola, when returning from Dar-es-Salaam- brake failure.
April 11 1968: L-100, c/n 4137, sold to the Government of the Republic of Zambia, August 1966, and leased to Zambian Air Cargoes with registration "9J-RBX", August 1966. Destroyed in ground collision when hit by c/n 4109 at Ndola, when "9J-RCY" suffered brake failure upon returning from Dar-es-Salaam.
*, South Vietnam, suffered engine failure on landing, slid off runway, burned.
*, South Vietnam. Hull blown-up.
*, South Vietnam. Crashed trying to land at A Loui. Manned by crew from 29th Tactical Airlift Squadron.
*, South Vietnam - crash landed on runway with all props feathered, brakes shot out, written off.
*, South Vietnam.
*, South Vietnam, port wing broke, written off.
May 16 1968: L-100 c/n 4146, delivered June 1966, registered "N9726R", sold to Bank of America, leased to Alaska Airlines, June 1966, named "City of Anchorage"; leased to Aerea-Aerovias Ecuatorianas, April 1968, burned after propeller struck ground while taxiing at Macuma, Ecuador.
* flare operation. First Hercules lost in/over Laos.
*, took .50 calibre AAA fire which set number one (port outer) engine afire which spread along port wing. Crash landed at Tay Ninh, South Vietnam, with only nose and port landing gear extended, veered off runway, exploded and burned. Crew of five escaped through cockpit overhead hatch and survived.
* :"' HC-130P "66-0214", c/n 4164, of the 39th Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Squadron, destroyed by satchel charges at Tuy Hoa, South Vietnam.
* :"' HC-130P "66-0218", c/n 4174, of the 39th Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Squadron, destroyed by satchel charges at Tuy Hoa, South Vietnam.
*, South Vietnam.
*, South Vietnam.
December 24 1968: L-100 c/n 4229, delivered October 1967, to Airlift International Inc., registered "N760AL"; leased to United States Department of the Interior, crashed at Prudhoe Bay, Alaskaon go-around in a snowstorm.
* :"' C-130E "63-7780", c/n 3846, of the 776th Tactical Airlift Squadron, destroyed in night mortar attack at Tonie Cham, South Vietnam. Aircraft had been assigned as "Thunderbirds" demonstration team support craft, October 1966.
* :"' HC-130H "65-0990", c/n 4151, of the 57th Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Squadron, ditches off Taiwan while locating survivors from sunk freighter.
*, Taiwan - weather below minimums.
* ; pg. 2; Issue 57518; col F ]
*, while simulating two engines out.
*, South Vietnam, burned.
*. Olausson states that the KC-130F was from VMGR-352, while Hobson claims it was assigned to VMGR-152.
* shortly thereafter. There is speculation whether the Hercules was shot down.cite web
title=ASN Aircraft accident description Lockheed C-130E Hercules 63-7789
work=Aviation Safety Network
publisher=Flight Safety Foundation
accessdate = 2006-08-22]
* , burned. First Hercules gunship loss.
* :"' C-130A "56-0472", c/n 3080, of the 21st Tactical Airlift Squadron, hit by ground fire while landing at Katum, South Vietnam, starboard wing burned off in post-landing fire.
* , written off in ground accident.
* :"' C-130B "61-0965", c/n 3652, of the 773rd Tactical Airlift Squadron, shot down on approach to Katum, South Vietnam.
* - as of October 1986, hull was on dump at Islamabad.
July 16 1969: L-100 c/n 4197, delivered May 1967 as Lockheed Aircraft Service Company "N9269R"; to Pacific Western Airlines, registered "CF-PWO", line number 382, May 1967. Leased to Trans Mediterranean Airways, July 1967 - 1969, the only Hercules flown by this operator. Crashed Cayaya, Peru, wing hit ground during go-around in fog.
* , burned.
* , South Vietnam, during flight to Da Nang - sabotage?
* flare operation.
* , South Vietnam.
* :"' C-130E "62-1800", c/n 3754, of the 50th Tactical Airlift Squadron, crashed, Taiwan, propeller reversed in flight.
* :"' C-130B, "62-3489",c/n 3699, MAP to Imperial Iranian Air Force, "5-102", of the 5th Air Transport Squadron, (1965). Sold to Pakistani Air Force, serial "23489", of 6 Squadron, written off.
April 10 1970: C-130A "56-0510", c/n 3118, of E Flight, 21st Tactical Airlift Squadron, crashed into mountain on approach to Long Tieng, Laos, flown by Air Americacrew, nine killed.
* - bleed air problem, lost two engines.
* during misjudged maximum effort landing - wings broke, fuselage ended up overturned, burned.
*, mission included stalls.
October 11 1970: L-100 c/n 4221, delivered July 1967 as Lockheed Aircraft Service Company "N9248R"; leased to Alaska Airlines, November 1968 – November 1969, then modified to L-100-20. Sold to Saturn Airways, October 1970. Crashed in bad weather on approach to McGuire Air Force Base, New Jersey.
*, when wing hit ground, broke, burned. This was the first USN Hercules written off.
*. Written off and tail used to repair AC-130A.
*s onboard. There were no survivors. [ [http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19711109-0&lang=en ASN Aircraft accident description Lockheed Hercules C.1 XV216 - Pisa, Italy [Mediterranean Sea ] ]
*, as of August 1984.
* - four killed on Hercules.
*, and led to a review of operational parameters.
*, South Vietnam. Written off.
*, South Vietnam, during night mission.
*, South Vietnam, during night mission.
*, South Vietnam.
*, South Vietnam.
* - rudder stall during flat side-slipping turn. Written off.
*, after suffering landing gear explosion while in traffic pattern.
*, South Vietnam.
*, South Vietnam.
* :"' An RAF C-130, "XV194", c/n 4214 veered off runway on landing at Tromsø/Langnes Airport (TOS), in Norway and ended up in a ditch. The aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
*. Twelve on Hercules, and one in the Delta Dagger KWF.cite journal
last=Sun-News, Richmond, Mary and Thompson, Eldridge, staff writers
title=Fiery Crash Leaves Debris, 13 Missing
location=Myrtle Beach, South Carolina
date=December 7, 1972
* - late go-around in white-out conditions.
*. It was carrying out co-pilot training when it was overshooting from runway 07 with a simulated engine failure when the other engine on that side failed. At that height (400ft) and speed involved, the asymmetric forces proved too much for the crew to control and the aircraft dived into the ground. The Captain was Sqn/Ldr Tony Barrett, and all 5 crew died. [ [http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19730910-1&lang=en Aviation Safety Network] ]
*. The aircraft exploded on impact and was destroyed by fire. All seven crew were killed. [ [http://okwreckchasing.com/621845.html wreck ok oklahoma snow city at okwreckchasing.com ] ]
May 23 1974: L-100 c/n 4225, delivered September 1967, as Lockheed Aircraft Services, "N759AL", modified to L-100-20, August 1969, sold to Saturn Airways, "N14ST", named "Bozo", October 1970. Modified to L-100-30, February 1972. Wing broke in turbulence at Springfield, Illinois.
August 18 1974: ZaireAir Force C-130H "9T-TCD", c/n 4422, crashed at Kisangani, Zaire.
August 30 1974: L-100 c/n 4209, delivered April 1967 to the Government of Zambia, "9J-REZ", leased to Zambian Air Cargoes, April 1967. Sold to National Aircraft Leasing, April 1969, registered "N921NA" (in an FAAseries usually assigned to aircraft of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration), leased to the Department of Interior, April 1969 – July 1972. Leased to Alaska International Air, (earlier Interior Airways, later Markair), registered "N100AK", July 1972. Damaged on ice island T-3, 1,000 kilometers north of Point Barrow, Alaska, February 1973, repaired. Sold by insurance company to Alaska International Air. Destroyed when cargo exploded on ground at Galbraith Lake, Alaska, 200 kilometers south of Prudhoe Bay.
October 27 1974: L-100 c/n 4234, delivered February 1969, sold to National Aircraft Leasing, leased to Interior Airways, "N7999S", April 1969. Leased to Delta Airlines, line number 300, January 1970. Leased to International Aerodyne, February 1971, then leased to Alaska International Air, registered "N102AK", July 1972, but still marked "N7999S", May 1974. Wing broke on approach to Old Man's Camp, Alaska. Accident report identifies airframe as "N102AK".
December 18 1974: South Vietnamese Air Force(VNAF) C-130A "56-0521", c/n 3107, transferred from the 711th Tactical Airlift Squadron, Eglin AFBAux Field #3/ Duke Field, Florida, to VNAF in 1973, destroyed on ground, Song Be, South Vietnam.
December 25 1974: South Vietnamese Air Force C-130A "55-0016", c/n 3043, transferred from the 109th Tactical Airlift Squadron to VNAF, November 1972, shot down landing at Song Be, South Vietnam.
* - number one engine failed.
April 6 1975: South Vietnamese Air Force C-130A "55-0002", c/n 3029, transferred from the 706th Tactical Airlift Squadron, 926th Tactical Airlift Group, 442nd Tactical Airlift Wing to VNAF, November, 1972. Ran off runway at Bien Hoa, South Vietnam, burned.
* and the Air America arm of the CIA.
* - lost blade from number three propeller, hit engine number four.
*") and 5 crew members. In all, 73 people died. [ [http://www.fav-club.com/articulos/orfeon.htm La tragedia del Orfeón Universitario ] ]
November 21 1976: L-100-20 c/n 4361, constructed December 1969 as Lockheed Aircraft Company "N7982S", sold to Pacific Western Airlines, registered "CF-PWX", line number 384, December 1969 - crashed at Eastville, near Kisangani, Zaire, low fuel, emergency landing in fog at night.
* - nose burnt out, written off.
* , written off.
* in bad weather - 62nd Tactical Airlift Squadron crew.
* , South Carolina.
* - engine control wire failure.
*, December 1979, 1989.
* , June, 1981.
* , June, 1981.
May 15 1979: L-100 c/n 4176, delivered to Delta Airlines, October 1966 registered "N9259R". Modified to L-100-20, December 1968, sold to Air Finance, September 1973. Leased to Alaska International Air, "N105AK", October 1973. Sold to CTA, Consorcio Technico de Aeronautica, Luanda, Angola, registered "D2-FAF", September 1977. As Angola Cargo, September 1978, as TAAG Angola Airlines, April 1979, damaged when it overshot landing at São Tomé, written off.
*, Iran. There is some question about this date.
* , crashed 15 kilometers west of Incirlik
* to the Iranian Navy in 1978.
* - lightning strike.
* - engine fire. Eighty-nine on board killed.
September 14 1980: A Zaire Air ForceC-130H, "9T-TCE", c/n 4569, crashed during take-off from Kindu, Zaire, during a three-engine attempt with a maximum load.
* as "604", circa February 1970.
* :"'A Canadian Forces CC-130E Hercules "130312" (formerly "10312"), c/n 4061, of 436 Squadron, stalled at low level and crashed near Chapais, Quebec, while on a Search and Rescue Mission for a lost helicopter. [ [http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19801015-0&lang=en Aviation Safety Network] ]
* C-130H military transport aircraft, "FAV-3556", c/n 4406, crashed after engine failure near Caracas. In all, 11 people died.
* - fin stall, missing washer on rudder booster.
* during low-level turn.
May 16 1981: L-100-20 c/n 4830, delivered September 1979, as Lockheed Aircraft Company, "N4080M", sold to TAAG Angola Airlines, Angola Air Charter, and registered "D2-EAS", October 1979. Shot down by infraredmissile near Menongue, Angola.
* on this point, he responded "Who knows? This has been discussed, and nobody has been able to come up with any proof. The Iranians have a tendency to reuse the registrations of destroyed airplanes, to fill out any holes in the registration series."
April 11 1982: L-100 c/n 4170, delivered September 1966, Delta Airlines"N9258R", line number 302, October 1966, modified to L-100-20, August 1970, sold to Pacific Western Airlines, "CF-PWK", line number 386, November 1970. Leased to Northwest Territorial Airways, April 1980, burned on ground, off-loading gasoline, Paulatuk, Northwest Territory(69N, 124W).
* , when number four (starboard outer) engine mount failed, destroyed number three (starboard inner) engine, wing broke.
* during go-around after missed approach.
* ( _es. Guerra de las Malvinas/Guerra del Atlántico Sur).
* , in bad weather landing.
* , navigation systems unserviceable, ran out of fuel - hull floated for 56 hours.
* :"' A Canadian Forces CC-130H "130329", c/n 4553, crashed during a Low Altitude Parachute Extraction System (LAPES) operation at Namao when the load failed to clear the aircraft causing it to crash. [ [http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19821116-1&lang=en Aviation Safety Network] ]
* , written off. To loadmaster trainer at Pope, as of April 1984; fuselage only, February 2003, same March 2004.
* exercise. Stalled turning at low altitude.
August 27 1983: L-100-20 c/n 4333, delivered June 1969 as Lockheed Aircraft Service Company "N7957S"; leased to U.S. Navy, May 1969 for tests. Leased to Saturn Airways, "N7957S", May 1970, named "Wimpy". Sold to Saturn, "N17ST", October 1972. Modified to L-100-30, August 1973. To TIA, December 1976, to Transamerica, October 1979, crashed 50 kilometers south of Dundo, Angola- hit mountain in fog.
* , April 1984.
December 29 1984: L-100 c/n 4101, first flown September 17, 1965, leased to Continental Air Services, "N9260R", September 1965, then sold to the Government of Zambia, registered "9J-RCV", August 1966. Leased to Zambian Air Cargoes, August 1966, then sold to National Aircraft Leasing, registered "N920NA", March 1969, in an FAA series usually reserved for aircraft of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, same January 1977. Leased to Alaska Airlines, April 1969. Leased to Saturn Airways, "N24ST", June 1972, modified to L-100-30, November 1972. Leased to TIA, December 1976, port wing and engines damaged in explosion, May 1977, repaired; sold to TIA, April 1979. To Transamerica, October 1979, green and white scheme, Transamerica T on green tail in white - destroyed on ground as it landed Cafunfo, Angoladuring UNITAguerrilla attack. Electric buss panel fire due to gunfire spread, hull burnt out. Pilot, flight engineer survive groundfire and are captured by UNITA, repatriated through the Red Cross after a month; first officer, two DIAMANGcouriers, killed by gunfire. [cite book
last = Wolfe
first = Steve
title = Captured!
publisher = "Airways", Volume 14, Number 10, Issue 142, December 2007
pages = 50-53,]
*, stalled in overshoot turn.
* :"' Two Canadian Forces CC-130H, "130330", c/n 4555, and "130331", c/n 4559, both of 435 Squadron, crashed after having a mid-air collision over CFB Namao, near Edmonton, Alberta. [ [http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19850329-0&lang=en Aviation Safety Network] ] [ [http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19850329-1&lang=en Aviation Safety Network] ] This remains the only dual Hercules mid-air.
* page 2] ] [ [http://www.naval-history.net/xDKCas1980-89.htm Men and Women of the ROYAL NAVY lost 1945-present] ] [ [http://www.pprune.org/forums/showthread.php?t=285755&page=2 Professional Pilots Rumour Network] ]
November 21 1985: Indonesian Air ForceC-130H-MP c/n 4898, "TNI-AU", 'AI-1322', then 'A-1322', 1984, crashed into volcano Sibyak.
* C-130A TT-PAB, C/N 3020, former USAF "54-1633", to Chad AF, August 1984, as "TT-PAB"; from USAF inventory, January 1986. Crashed when it stalled on take-off.
June 8 1986: L-100-20 c/n 4832, delivered October 1979, as Lockheed Aircraft Company, "N4081M", sold to TAAG Angola Airlines, Angola Air Charter, and registered "D2-THA", October 1979. Wheels up landing, Dondo, Angola, written off.
August 14 1986: C-130D "57-0487", c/n 3194, delivered August 1958, with the 611th Troop Carrier Squadron, 1959, then with the 171st Troop Carrier Squadron/Tactical Airlift Squadron, from 1961. Named "Hustling Huskie", September 1968 – July 1975. Modified to C-130D-6, 1962–1963. With the 139th Tactical Airlift Squadron, July 1975, lizard scheme, January 1986. Sold to Honduran Air Force, March 1986, coded '556'. Crashed near Wampusirpi, Honduras.
* - broken throttle cable.
October 4 1986: L-100-30 c/n 4391, delivered June 1971 to Saturn Airways, "N15ST", named "Barney", coded 'G'. Sold to TIA, December 1976. Leased to Saudia, March 1978. To Transamerica, October 1979, leased to Heavylift, Stansted, Great Britain, July 1984. Leased to Southern Air Transport(SAT), July 1986. Crashed into hangar during night take-off from Kelly Air Force Base, Texas- control lock in cockpit not removed.
* (ZAH/OIZH), Iran.
April 8 1987: L-100-30 c/n 4558, delivered November 1974 to Safair, registered "ZS-RSE", then registered to Safair Freighters, USA, "N46965", February 1982, incorrectly filed as "N4696S". Registered to Globe Air, "N517SJ" (never painted on?), April 1987. Left wing hit ground 300 meters before runway at Fairfield- Travis Air Force Base, Californiaduring Southern Air Transport training landing when it lost power on both port engines during go-around, all five crew killed. Accident report lists it as SAT "N517SJ".
* for this date, but the Aviation Safety database has no matching incident.
* tank, hit treeline, burned, killing three on board, one soldier on the ground, and injuring two crew.
October 14 1987: L-100-30 c/n 4701, delivered November 1976, sold to Safair, registered "ZS-JVM", December 1976. Leased to Air Botswana, "A2-ACA", October 1979, same February 1987. Registered to Zimex Aviation, "HB-ILF", August 1987. Shot down after take-off from Cuito, Angola.
* C-130A "TT-PAC", c/n 3159, former USAF "56-0551", to Chad AF, by August 1986, as "TT-PAC". Crashed landing in Chad.
* and not repaired and flown out until January 1988. c/n 4522 written off.
* :"' Lars Olausson lists unidentified IRIAF, C-130H loss for this date, but the Aviation Safety accident database has no matching incident.
*. Although many people do not consider this an accident, neither Pakistan nor the US government properly investigated the incident and made the findings public. Some researchers claim that there was a bomb hidden in the mango crates which were loaded on the plane without proper clearance. Eyewitnesses claim that the aircraft exploded in the air. Such claims were declared false by the government and the remains of the aircraft were swiftly disposed of. [ [http://www.urdudigest.com.pk/ Urdu Digest ] ]
* :"' A Canadian Forces CC-130E, "130318" (formerly "10318"), c/n 4124, which was serving with 435 Squadron when it crashed 600 feet short of the runway during a night approach at -46C, in Fort Wainwright, Alaska. [ [http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19890129-0&lang=en Aviation Safety Network] ]
*, written off.
April 9 1989: L-100-20 c/n 4303, delivered November 1968 to Girard Trust, "N9237R", leased to Flying W Airways, April 1969. Sold to Red Dodge Aviation, "N40FW", October 1969. Sold to Philippinegovernment, "PI 98", April 1973. Leased to Phil Aero Transport, "RP-C98"?, July 1973. Sold to James Bay Energy Corporation, registered "CF-DSX", September 1973, and leased to Quebecair, September 1973. Sold to Echo Bay Mines, July 1980, named "Smokey Heel" as of December 1980. To Worldways Canada, April 1983, then to Transamerica as "N39ST", December 1984. Stored at Oakland, July 1986, same January 1988. Registered to American Aircraft Corporation, Hialeah, Florida, July 1988, then registered to IAS/ Transafrik, "S9-NAI", November 1988. Crash landing at Luena, Angola- fire in two engines.
August 1 1989: L-100-30 c/n 4883, delivered March 1981 as Lockheed Aircraft Company "N4152M", sold to Air Algerie, "7T-VHK", July 1981, operated as "Cargo" by IAS, August 1988 - damaged when it skidded off runway while landing at Tamanrasset, written off.
* - load hung-up, parachute deployed.
November 27 1989: L-100 c/n 4129, delivered to ZAC-Alexander, registered "9J-RBW", April 1966, sold to Maple Leaf Leasing, 1969, leased to Pacific Western Airlines, line number 383, March 1969, damaged Eureka, Northwest Territory, August 1969, rebuilt as L-100-20, December 1969. Leased to Alaska International Air, (earlier Interior Airways, later Markair), December 1969. Sold to Pacific Western Airlines, registered "CF-PWN", 1977, then sold to St. Lucia Airways, registered J6-SLO, May 1985, named "Juicy Lucy", after a rock and roll band, 1969–1972, transporting cargo for UNITA, July 1987. Sold to Tepper Aviation, Florida, "N9205T", January 1988, named "Grey Ghost" - crash landing at Jamba, Angola.
* "TJX-CF"?, March 2005.
* Museum, November 2002, restored for ground display.
* , after three-engine take-off.
January 5 1990: L-100 c/n 4222, delivered July 1967, as Lockheed Aircraft Company, "N9254R", modified to L-100-20, July 1969. Sold to Saturn Airways, "N13ST", October 1970, leased to Alaska International Air (earlier Interior Airways, later Markair), "N103AK", October 1972, then sold to AIA, January 1973. Sold to CTA, "D2-FAG", November 1977. To TAAG Angola Airlines, Angola Airlines, "D2-THB", April 1979. Damaged on take-off from Luanda, May 1982 - repaired. As Angola Air Charter, July 1988. Hit by missile at Menonque, Angola, crash landed, written off.
* shot down, all on board killed.
April 19 1990: A Zaire Air ForceC-130H, "9T-TCG", c/n 4736, as of May 1977, same June 1988 - crashed near Kinshasa, Zaire, propeller blade broke off.
August 12 1990: L-100-20, c/n 4384, delivered July 1970 to Saturn Airways, "N11ST", named "W.C. Fields", modified to L-100-30, April 1971, leased to Alaska International Air (earlier Interior Airways, later Markair). Registered to TIA, December 1976. With Transamerica as of October 1979, airframe reached 44,000 hour mark, December 1984. Leased to Southern Air Transport, July 1986, registered to SAT, October 1987, reregistered "N911SJ", March 1988, same March 1990. Engine failed on take-off from Juba, Sudan, returned for landing, overran runway, burned - written off.
August 25 1990: C-130H c/n 4674, delivered June 1976 to the Government of Malaysia, "FM2403", with 14 Squadron, June 1976. As "M30-03", June 1983, same April 1984. Crash landing at Sibu, Sarawak.
* . This was the last loss of an AC-130 due to enemy fire to date. [cite web|url= http://www.specialoperations.com/Memorial/spirit.html|title=Spirit 03 and the Battle for Khafji|publisher=Special Operations.Com|accessdate=2007-03-16 ]
* , 63 dead.
February 27 1991: L-100-30 c/n 4949, delivered January 1983 as Lockheed Aircraft Company "N4107F". To Kuwait Air Force"KAF322", by June 1983, hit by ground fire at Kuwait CityAirport, August 2, 1990, flown to Iraq; hit by bomb, February 27, 1991, center fuselage badly damaged. Transported by road to Kuwait, March 1995, scrapped - parts to support repair of Zaire Air ForceC-130H "9T-TCA", c/n 4411, corroded after five years inactivity.
June 10 1991: C-130A "56-0491", c/n 3099, modified to DC-130A, to USN as BuNo "158299" by 1969. To MASDC, Davis-Monthan Air Force Base, Arizona, 2G004, by August 1979, same, June 1987. Registered to Roy D. Reagan, "N9724V", October 1986, to World Wide Aeronautical Industries, Ashland, Oregon, December 1986. To Bob's Air Park, Tucson, Arizona, September 1987, registered to CZX Productions, Inc., Wilmington, Delaware, August 1988, same, June 1991. At Western International Aviationsalvage yard, Tucson, Arizona, June 1988, departing there January 1990, to TAAG Angola Airlines, Luanda, Angola, January 1991, damaged in landing accident, repaired. To Unitrans, ( Dieter Reinhardt), still registered "N9724V". In Angola, registered "9J-SLQ", March 1991, operated by Questline Florida, for the Angolan government. Crashed on take-off from Luanda, load shifted, burned.
September 2 1991: L-100 c/n 4250, delivered December 1968 to National Aircraft Leasing, registered "N9266R", leased the Interior Department, December 1968. Modified to L-100-20. Leased to Saturn Airways, registered "N22ST", January 1971, then leased to Southern Air Transport, September 1972. Leased to Alaska International Air (formerly Interior Airways, later Markair), October 1975. Leased again to Southern Air Transport, April 1977, then sold to SAT, June 1978. Leased to Air Algerie, 1981. Registered to Commercial Air Leasing, "N521SJ", June 1985, same November 1987. Leased to IAS/Diamang, 1986 – January 1987. Operations in Ethiopiafor Caritas, November 1988. Blown-up by mine before take-off from Wau, Sudan.
September 17 1991: L-100-30 c/n 5029, delivered March 1985 as Lockheed Aircraft Company "N4232B", stored March 1983-July 1988. Sold to Ethiopian Airlines, "ET-AJL", July 1988. Crashed into mountain Arey, south of Djibouti, Ethiopia.
* - engine failure.
* , on U.S. Highway 41. Sixteen people were killed in the crash and fifteen others were injured.
* . No other details available.
* , August 1995.
* , Guam - broken up, August 1994.
* , number two engine failed, high take-off weight.
February 3 1993: A Lockheed L-100-20 "N130X", c/n 4412, used as the Lockheed HTTB (High Technology Test Bed), crashed at Dobbins Air Reserve Base, in Marietta, GA. The Lockheed engineering testbed was used to evaluate the fly-by-wire rudder actuator and the ground minimum control speed (VMCG). During the final high-speed ground test-run, the aircraft accidentally veered left and became airborne. The Hercules climbed to 250 feet and crashed. All 7 crew aboard perished in the crash, in which a Navy clinic was narrowly missed.
* when it stalled after cargo drop. 8 RAF crew and one Army Air Despatcher on board perished.
* . During the drop the airplane hit a berm and crashed in prairie grassland, breaking up into three pieces.
* - Howitzer round exploded in gun barrel causing fire in port engines. [cite web |url=http://members.cox.net/twosteppin/heroes2.htm |title=Jockey 14 |publisher=Wes Fields |accessdate=2007-03-18]
* " by Mary Ellen Condon-Rall.
April 7 1994: L-100-30 c/n 4679, delivered July 1976, sold to Safair, registered "ZS-JIW", line number 85, July 1976. Operation for TAAG Angola Airlines, Angola Air Charter, as of August 1991, same, May 1993. "ZS-JIW" registration cancelled, June 1993, and registered to TAAG Angola Airlinesas "D2-THC". Damaged beyond repair by fire after landing at Malenge, Angola, overheated brakes.
August 13 1994:: A civilian Lockheed C-130A, "N135FF", former USAF "56-0540", c/n 3148, operating as Tanker 82, crashed in steep mountainous terrain near Pearblossom, California. The aircraft was destroyed, killing the three people on board. The aircraft was owned by Aero Firefighting Service Company, Inc., and was operated by Hemet Valley Flying Service, Inc., on lease to the U.S. Forest Service as a public use aircraft. [ [http://www.iprr.org/COMPS/LAX94A323.htm] ]
September 24 1994: L-100-30 c/n 4826, delivered August 1969, to Mitsui Corporation, "PK-PLV", August 1969. Leased to Pelita Air Service, August 1979, Hanonan; on lease in Angola, August 1989. Leased to Heavylift, Stansted, Great Britain, September 1989, 'H' on fin; subleased to TAAG Angola Airlines, Angola Air Charter, June 1990, same, December 1990. To Pelita, April 1991, but operated by Heavylift as of January 1992 for the United Nations. Back to Pelita, June 1993, but operated for Heavylift, as of September 1994. Crashed into water on take-off from Kai TakAirport, Hong Kong, overspeed on number four propeller. This was the second and last Hercules accident at this airport.
* , when ammunition load caught fire in the air.
* , ID (MUO). Number 2 engine improperly disengaged from its mount, causing severe fuselage and wing damage. Wing eventually severed completely from the airframe, causing Sumit 38 to crash approximately 23 minutes after leaving Boise, killing all six crewmembers. This was the only Hercules hull loss in the entire calendar year of 1995, making it the safest year of C-130/L-100 operation since 1963.
* , killing 91.
* . The aircraft was carrying 37 members of the Dutch Army Fanfare Band, 2 pilots, 1 engineer and 1 loadmaster (41 total). The aircraft had departed from Villafranca in Italy. It is believed that the co-pilot initiated a go-around after noticing a flock of birds on the runway. Some were ingested resulting in loss of power on three engines. The aircraft hit the runway and caught fire. Thirty two people died in the crash and resulting fire. Nine heavily burned survivors were rescued, 2 of whom later died in the hospital.
* , in supporting presidential mission.
* , fuel starvation - all engines stopped.
* , killing 86.
October 10 1997: Taiwan Air ForceC-130H "1310", c/n 5067, delivered October 1986, same August 1996. Crashed during attempted go-around at Tapei-SungShanin rain storm.
* air base.
* air base, burned, written off.
* air base, burned, written off.
December 26 1998: L-100-30 c/n 4561, delivered November 1974 to Saturn Airways, "N20ST", to TIA, December 1976. To Transamerica, October 1979. Leased to Southern Air Transport, October 1987, then sold to SAT, October 1987, reregistered "N920SJ", March 1988. In Angolafor United Nations, October 1992, then Kenyafor UN, January 1993, same, October 1993. Leased to Hunting Air Cargo/ Aer Lingus, March 1994. Operations for the USAF, August 1994, then to Air Foyle, July 1995, then to storage at Marana, Arizona, January 1998. Sold to Transafrik, registered "S9-CAO", August 1998, same, October 1998. Shot down by UNITA after take-off from Huambo, Angolaon UN mission.
January 2 1999: L-100-30 c/n 4839, delivered March 1980 as Lockheed Aircraft Company demonstrator "N4110M", sold to Wirtschaftsflug, Frankfurt, Germany, "D-ACWF", October 1981. Back to LACas "N3847Z", November 1983, then sold to IAS, Guernsey, "D2-EHD", December 1984, Operations for Diamang, hit by SAM at 9,000 feet, wing fire, landed, repaired. Sold to ENDIAMA, Angola, flown by Transafrikcrew, January 1990, repainted in new colors, April 25 1991– April 30 1991, registered "T-650", November 1992, damaged by UNITA on take-off from Luena, January 1991, stored in Luanda, February 1992. To Lisbon, Portugalfor repair, July 1993. Back to Luanda, March 1994. To Marshall Aerospace, Cambridge, UKfor D-check, September 1994. Shot down by UNITA after take-off from Huambo, Angola.
* loss for this date, but there is no matching incident in the Aviation Safety database.
* when the load shifted on take-off. Fire, written off. [ [http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19990611-0&lang=en Aviation Safety Network] ]
* , CF0194, December 2000, to be scrapped, May 2004, same, February 2006.
December 27 1999: L-100-30 c/n 4477, delivered December 1972 to Safair, "ZS-RSD", leased to Alaska International Air (earlier Interior Airways, later Markair), "N106AK", November 1974, then sold to AIA, April 1976. Leased to Cargomasters, Australia, 1982. To Markair, February 1984, then leased to Zantop International, April 1986, same, March 1991. Sold to Southern Air Transport, still as "N106AK", February 1992. Reregistered "N906SJ", February 1992, same October 1992. Ops in Angolafor the United Nations, January 1993, in Kenyafor UN, January 1996. Carried Orca, killer whale, for United Parcel Service, UPS, from Mexicoto Oregon, U.S., September 1998. Sold to Transafrik, registered "S9-BOP", August 1999. Ran off wet runway on landing at Luzamba, Angola, went into 40 foot ravine, written off.
* Airport (Bolivia). The aircraft departed down the left side of runway 35, but 600 meters from the approach end, impacted into a ditch and came to rest in a forested area off the left side of the runway. The aircraft was a total loss with 7 crew and 24 passengers dead. [ [http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20000114-0 ASN Aircraft accident description Lockheed C-130B Hercules "TAM-60" - Chimore Airport ] ]
* being towed into hangar. Both hulls burned. Eight on Hercules killed.
September 6 2000: C-130A former USAF "56-0478", c/n 3086, registered to T&G Aviation, Marana, Arizona, "N116TG", October 1989, water bomber modification, May 1991, with Securité Civile, City of Phoenix, seized in bankruptcy proceedings, mid-1993, fire-fighting ops by several operators. Crashed at Burzet, southeastern Francefighting forest fire. The Hercules, operating for the French Sécurité Civile, crashed while it was dumping water over a forest fire. The aircraft had just carried out a first passage; on the second one it flew into a hill. Two of four crew killed.
* when it ran off runway.
*, killing all seven crew members onboard. [ [http://www.namibian.com.na/2002/January/world/0238923023.html U.S. Marines killed in plane crash in Pakistan ] ]
*, when engines failed during a touch-and-go landing.
* on night refueling mission.
June 17 2002: While fighting a fire in northern California, the starboard wing of a C-130A Hercules, "N130HP", former USAF "56-0538", c/n 3146, operated by Hawkins & Powers Aviation, came off as the centre wing box failed during a pull-out from a drop near Walker, California, followed less than a second later by the port wing. It rolled inverted and crashed into the forest, killing all three crew. This second C-130A fire fighting crash, coupled with the loss of PB4Y-2, BuNo "66260", "N7620C" at Estes Park, Coloradoon July 18, 2002, resulted in the Interior Department canceling its contract for all heavy tankers. [cite web|url=http://www.ntsb.gov/pressrel/2002/020924.htm|title=Update on investigations of firefighting airplane crashes in Walker, California and Estes Park, Colorado|publisher=NTSB|date=2002-09-24] [cite web|url=http://www.nifc.gov/fireinfo/q-a_cancellation.pdf|title=Questions and Answers: Cancellation of Large Airtanker Contract|accessdate=2006-12-18|format=PDF] [cite web|url=http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=4138594795821359020&q=c-130+crash&hl=en|title=Hercules airline crash|accessdate=2007-04-02] (See 2002 airtanker crashes)
* (THR). The aircraft departed Mehrabad Airport at 1225 hrs. local time and crashed 35 minutes later. "Technical failure" - two engines caught fire, seven killed.
* , destroying at least four houses. Five crew and five others killed.
* - in flight fire.
* , not repaired - scrapped March 2005.
* , landed on a runway in Iraq that was undergoing maintenance. The aircraft was destroyed but there were no deaths. [http://www.cargolaw.com/2005nightmare_c130.html "pictures"]
* ", c/n 4195, with 10 crew on board was hit by insurgent fire while taking off from Baghdad airport for Balad. A fire triggered by the hit induced an explosion in the right hand wing fuel tank.cite journal
title=The Doomed Hercules
journal=Air Forces Monthly
month=March | year=2006
* , departed Tirana-Rinas Airport, Albania, for a night training mission to work on terrain-following and avoidance skills, airdrops and landing using night-vision goggles. The aircraft was flying 300 feet above the mountainous terrain when it was approaching a ridge. The airplane was not able to clear the ridge and stalled as the crew attempted to climb away. The aircraft struck the ridge, destroying the aircraft and killing all nine crew members on board.
*. The aircraft was carrying 84 passengers (68 of whom were journalists due to watch military exercises off the country's south coast) and 10 crew members. In all, 116 people died.
* after hitting a landmine on roll-out which holed the port external fuel tank and set the number two (port inner) engine on fire. All nine crew and 26 passengers aboard safely evacuated, but the airframe burned out. It was later revealed that the Hercules was carrying a large number of SAS troops as well as a large amount of cash described as being one million dollars in some sources, and as "more than one million pounds" by others, while the MoD only admitted to a "sizeable amount of cash". The money was apparently destined for local warlords in exchange for their influence and intelligence.cite journal
last=Air Forces Monthly
title=Million Dollar Hercules
journal=Air Forces Monthly
month=January | year=2007
pages=32–35] [ [http://www.mod.uk/DefenceInternet/AboutDefence/CorporatePublications/BoardsOfInquiry/BoardOfInquiryIntoTheLossOfHerculesXv206On24May2006.htm Board of Inquiry into the loss of Hercules XV206 on
24 May 2006] ]
* . There were no reported injuries among the nine crewmen on board. [http://www.baaa-acro.com/Photos-46/1710-5.jpg]
August 13 2006: Civilian Lockheed L-100-30 Hercules belonging to Air Algeria, registered "7T-VHG", formerly Lockheed "N4148M", c/n 4880, was destroyed when it collided with terrain following a high-rate descent from 24,000 feet in Piacenza, Italy. The pilot, co-pilot, and flight engineer were killed. [ [http://www.ntsb.gov/ntsb/brief2.asp?ev_id=20060822X01220&ntsbno=NYC06WA202&akey=1 NYC06WA202 ] ]
* near the Iranian border. The aircraft was subsequently destroyed as it was deemed too dangerous for coalition forces to repair and recover it. This is the first C-130J loss for any nationality since the new variant entered service in 1999. Although it is acknowledged that this was not a Special Forces aircraft, it carried secure communications equipment that could not be compromised. [ [http://www.aero-news.net/news/military.cfm?ContentBlockID=92857cbc-793c-4807-9e9f-c0201e64405a&Dynamic=1 Crash info from Aero News] ] [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/7406391.stm BBC NEWS | UK | MoD 'covered up' Hercules bombing ] ]
July 18 2007: Civilian L-100-30, model 382G-31C, c/n 4606, sold to Lynden Cargo, Alaska, February 1997, registered "N401LC", April 1997; damaged July 2001, repaired March 2006. On July 18, 2007, aircraft over-rotated on take-off from gravel airstrip 24 miles (38 km) west-northwest of McGrath, Alaska, suffering tail strike and substantial damage, including puncture of main cabin pressure vessel. Four crew uninjured.cite journal |last=Air International |title=Civil Accidents |journal=Air International |publisher=Key Publications |location=Stamford, Lincolnshire |month=October | year=2007 |pages=18]
* turret and night cameras in 2005. [ [http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2007/09/05/nherc105.xml Army blows up £50m Hercules plane] ] [ [http://www.dasa.mod.uk/natstats/accidents/accdeaths/acctab3.html Aircraft Accidents ] ]
* following the loss of all four engines. There were no casualties. After all usable parts were stripped from the aircraft, it was destroyed in a series of controlled detonations by the 447th Expeditionary Civil Engineer Squadron and the wreckage transported to a secure US installation. [ [http://www.af.mil/news/story.asp?id=123104556 Crash News Story] ] [ [http://www.af.mil/news/story.asp?id=123106351 C-130 Detonation] ]
* :"' A Philippine Air Force C-130 transport plane (flight number 4593) crashed at sea shortly after take off in Davao City in Mindanao. The aircraft, built in 1971, had lost contact after taking off from Davao International Airport shortly before midnight. The cause of the crash was unknown. Two pilots and seven crewmembers were onboard when it crashed.
Vietnam Waris proscribed by Hercules losses, it lasted ten years, and four days. The cursed 817th Troop Carrier Squadron/6315th Operations Group crew of C-130A "57-0475", c/n 3182, a Blind Batflareship, crashed into high ground at Korat Royal Thai Air Force Base, Thailand, April 24 1965during a go-around in bad weather with a heavy load, combined with two lost engines, low fuel, making the unfortunate crew the first Hercules loss in Southeast Asia. The last U.S. military C-130 loss was the 314th Tactical Airlift WingC-130E "72-1297", c/n 4519, hit by advancing NVA rocket fire on April 28 1975, forcing Tan Son Nhut Air Baseto close to fixed wing evacuation of the collapsing South Vietnamese capital of Saigon. Although three U.S. Navy Hercules were attrited during the period of the conflict in Southeast Asia, none were in theater, nor had anything to do with combat operations or support, therefore, they do not appear in Vietnam loss tables. One Navy-operated C-130 was lost in SEA but it was on loan from a USAF unit.
Since Hercules attrition began in 1958, there have been three years in which only one hull was lost: 1959, 1963, and 1995.
There have been several mid-air collisions involving Hercules, but all involved other military aircraft - there has never been a Hercules-civilian mid-air. There have been five cases of Hercules fratricide, four on the ground,
1 July 1965, 11 April 1968, 1 February 1979, and 10 September 1998, and one mid-air on 29 March 1985.
Information about Hercules crash circumstances are most vague for the
Sudan- four unidentified accidents, and Iran- three unidentified crashes, and one conjectural. The serial for the IDF/AF C-130H that crashed November 25, 1975has also not been established.
In addition to Air America operations, Southern Air Transport was also a CIA
List of accidents and incidents involving military aircraft
*Hobson, Chris, "Vietnam Air Losses - United States Air Force, Navy and Marine Corps Fixed-Wing Aircraft Losses in Southeast Asia, 1961-1973", Midland Publishing, Hinckley, England, 2001, ISBN 1-85780-115-6.
*Marchetti, Victor and Marks, John D., "The CIA and the Cult of Intelligence", Dell Publishing Company, Inc., New York, New York, 1974, ISBN 440-04698-175, Chapter 5 - Proprietary Organizations, pages 146-164.
*Olausson, Lars, "Lockheed Hercules Production List - 1954-2008" - 25th ed., Såtenäs, Sweden, April 2007. Self-published. No
*Olausson, Lars, "Lockheed Hercules Production List - 1954-2009" - 26th ed., Såtenäs, Sweden, April 2008. Self-published. No
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