Idrija


Idrija

Municipality_of_Slovenia|nativename=Idrija
coat=
location=
area=293.7 km²
population=11,990
males=5,885
females=6,105
mayor=Bojan Sever
avg_age=35.58 years
residental_density=29.87 m²/person
households=4,169
families=3,255
workers=5,571
unemployed=296
salary_date=August 2003
avg_salary_bruto=224,063 SIT
avg_salary_neto=144,020 SIT
students=506

Idrija (Italian: "Idria") is a small town and municipality with the same name in Slovenia.It is known for its mercury mine (currently in the process of closing) and laces.

Near Idrija there was notable archeological find of an approximately 43,100 year-old juvenile cave bear femur at Divje Babe, which may be a prehistoric flute.

Under Austrian rule it was known as Idria. Mercury was discovered there in 1497, and mining productions were taken over by the government in 1580.

According to legend, a bucket maker working in a local spring spotted a small amount of liquid mercury over 500 years ago. Idrija is one of the few places in the world where mercury occurs in both its elemental liquid state and as cinnabar (mercury sulfide) ore. The subterranean shaft mine entrance known as Anthony's Shaft (Antonijev rov) is used today for tours of the upper levels, complete with life-sized vignettes of workers over the ages. The lower levels, which reach to almost 400 meters below the surface and are no longer being actively mined, are currently being remediated.

The ghost town of New Idria, California, a site of mercury mining during the 19th-century California Gold Rush, was named after Idrija.

Famous natives and residents

*Aleš Bebler, Slovene Communist leader, resistance fighter, and diplomat;
*Stanko Bloudek, designer;
*Aleš Čar, writer;
*Karel Dežman, Carniolan politician and scholar;
*Belsazar Hacquet; French natural scientist;
*Pier Paolo Pasolini, italian film director and poet;
*Giovanni Antonio Scopoli, Italian natural scientist.

ee also

* Idrijca
* Wild Lake

External links

* [http://sl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Idrija Wiki ]
* [http://www.idrija.si/ Idrija] , official page of municipality (in Slovene)
* [http://www.muzej-idrija-cerkno.si/ Museum ]
* [http://www.idrija.com/ Local newspaper ]
* [http://www.idrija-turizem.si/ Tourist info]
* [http://www.rzs-idrija.si/stran2ang.htm tourist information] , a page in English about the town and its history.
* [http://www.idrija.ws/ City portal ]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Idrija — [[Archivo: Escudo idrija …   Wikipedia Español

  • Idrija — Idrija …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Idrija — Vue des collines de la commune Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Idrija — Original name in latin Idrija Name in other language Idria, Idrija State code SI Continent/City Europe/Ljubljana longitude 46.00278 latitude 14.03056 altitude 341 Population 5784 Date 2012 02 02 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Idrija — Sp Ìdrija Ap Idrija L Slovėnija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Idrija — Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Idrija Country and Admin Code SI.36 SI …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Mrzli Vrh, Idrija — Mrzli Vrh …   Wikipedia

  • Črni Vrh, Idrija — Črni Vrh …   Wikipedia

  • Dole, Idrija — Dole …   Wikipedia

  • Gore, Idrija — Gore …   Wikipedia


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