Manas-vijnana

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Manas-vijnana (Skt. manas-vijñāna; "mind-knowledge", compare man-tra, jñāna) is the seventh of the eight consciousnesses taught in Yogacara Buddhism, the higher consciousness that localizes experience through thinking.

Overlapping Pali terms for "mind"

According to Bhikkhu Bodhi, the post-canonical Pali commentary uses the three terms viññāa, mano and citta as synonyms for the mind sense base (mana-ayatana); however, in the Sutta Pitaka, these three terms are generally contextualized differently:

  • Viññāa refers to awareness through a specific internal sense base, that is, through the eye, ear, nose, tongue, body or mind. Thus, there are six sense-specific types of Viññāa. It is also the basis for personal continuity within and across lives.
  • Manas refers to mental "actions" (kamma), as opposed to those actions that are physical or verbal. It is also the sixth internal sense base (ayatana), that is, the "mind base," cognizing mental sensa (dhammā) as well as sensory information from the physical sense bases.
  • Citta includes the formation of thought, emotion and volition; this is thus the subject of Buddhist mental development (bhava), the mechanism for release.[1]

Various descriptions of "Manas-vijnana"

  • One of the primary functions of Manas-vijnana is to perceive the subjective position of the store consciousness and erroneously regard it as one's own ego, thereby creating ego attachment.
  • The basic nature of Manas-vijnana is that of thought.
  • There is a difference between the "thought" of this seventh consciousness, Manas-vijnana, and the sixth consciousness "thought" of cognition.
  • Not consciously controllable, Manas-vijnana is said to be a mind of a realm that gives rise to contradiction of conscious decisions, and to incessant self-love.
  • Manas-vijnana can be described as "the consciousness which sees the limits of human variation from within".
  • Manas-vijnana consciousness is also described as the place where good and evil are eternally accumulated.
  • Manas-vijnana consciousness is theorized as the connecting realm between the mano-consciousness and the ālayavijñāna. (citation or clarification needed)
  • Manas-vijnana as the seventh consciousness is the basis of human existence, which unceasingly continues and changes, and serves as the ground for the sixth consciousness of cognition.
  • Per the Lankavatara Sutra, part II of the Introduction,[2] the Manovijñāna, or "that which knows thought", is directly related to an inner faculty known as "Manas". "Manas" is a strong power that attaches to the result of thinking. From this viewpoint one could discern that the "thought-consciousness", that part of the mind that is conscious of thought, also has the power to "velcro" itself to a completed thought process. This would explain the human difficulty of observing one's own thoughts, as the "manas" or "velcro" must first be detached, so to speak.
  • See also "The Soka Gakkai Dictionary of Buddhism" entry for "mano-consciousness".[3]

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Manas — may refer to one of the following: Manas, a Kyrgyz epic poem with 500,000 lines. The Pali and Sanskrit term for mind ; see Manas (early Buddhism) Manas vijnana, one of the eight consciousnesses taught in Yogacara Buddhism Mana, the concept of an… …   Wikipedia

  • Vijnana — Vijñāna Vijñāna (sanskrit, pali : vinnana), pouvant se traduire état de conscience, est un concept de la philosophie indienne. Vijñāna a deux synonymes, qui sont : Citta ou état d être  ; Manas , ou états d esprit. Sommaire 1… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vijñāna — (Sanskrit devanāgarī: विज्ञान; Pāli : vinnana) est un concept de la philosophie indienne qui signifie intellect ou connaissance discriminante[1]. Dans la Taittiriya Upanishad Vijñāna correspond à Vijñânamaya kosha qui est la troisième… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Manas (hindouisme) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Manas (homonymie). Manas est un terme sanskrit qui peut comporter de multiples acceptions. Dans les Yoga Sutras de Patañjali, ce terme désigne le mental mais aussi l intellect (buddhi), ou encore l insconcient… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vijñāna — Translations of vijñāna English: consciousness, mind, life force, discernment Pali …   Wikipedia

  • Manas supérieur — Corps causal En ésotérisme, le corps causal est censé être un corps suprasensible ou subtil, qui recueillant les fruits karmiques d une existence, en conserve comme une quintessence laquelle sera la cause déterminant les forces disponibles dans l …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Manas (sanskrit) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Manas (homonymie). Manas (devanāgarī : मनस् ) est un terme sanskrit qui peut comporter de multiples acceptions. Il désigne bien souvent soit la pensée, l esprit, le mental et parfois l intellect[1]. Sommaire …   Wikipédia en Français

  • 思量能變識 — 唯識宗所立‘三能變識’之一 。 唯識家以為‘識’能轉變生起萬法, 或變現為心內主觀(見分)與客觀(相分)認識作用之主體, 故稱為能變。 思量能變又稱第二能變, 指的是第七末那識。 末那識梵文 Manas Vijnana, Manas 意譯為意, Vijnana 意譯為識, 合譯為意識, 但這與第六意識同名, 因此保留末那原名, 以示区別。 此識恆常執持第八識見分為‘我’, 而思量計度, 即是此末那識的體性行相。 此也是第七識稱為恆審思量的由來, 故稱思量能變。 在諸識中, 雖然第六、… …   Dictionary of Buddhist terms

  • 思量能变识 → 思量能變識 — 唯識宗所立‘三能變識’之一 。 唯識家以為‘識’能轉變生起萬法, 或變現為心內主觀(見分)與客觀(相分)認識作用之主體, 故稱為能變。 思量能變又稱第二能變, 指的是第七末那識。 末那識梵文 Manas Vijnana, Manas 意譯為意, Vijnana 意譯為識, 合譯為意識, 但這與第六意識同名, 因此保留末那原名, 以示区別。 此識恆常執持第八識見分為‘我’, 而思量計度, 即是此末那識的體性行相。 此也是第七識稱為恆審思量的由來, 故稱思量能變。 在諸識中, 雖然第六、… …   Dictionary of Buddhist terms

  • Higher consciousness — Higher consciousness, also called super consciousness (Yoga), objective consciousness (Gurdjieff), Buddhic consciousness (Theosophy), cosmic consciousness, God consciousness (Sufism and Hinduism) and Christ consciousness (New Thought), are… …   Wikipedia

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