Johnson was born in
Hillsboro, Texas, but moved to Kingsburg, Californiaat age 9. In high school, he played on the school's football, baseballand basketballteams. As a versatile athlete, he was attracted to the decathlon after seeing double Olympic Champion Bob Mathiascompete and told his coach "I could have beaten most of those guys in that meet". He competed in his first meet in 1954, as a freshman at UCLA. His progress in the event was impressive, and he broke the world recordin his fourth competition. He also pledged Pi Lambda PhiFraternity, America's first nondiscriminatory fraternity while at UCLA. In 1955, in Mexico City, he won the title at the Pan American Games. Johnson qualified for both the decathlon and the long jumpevents for the 1956 Summer Olympicsin Melbourne. However, he was hampered by an injury, and forfeited his place in the long jump. Despite this, he managed to take second place in the decathlon, finishing behind his compatriot Milt Campbell. It would turn out to be his last defeat in the event.
Due to injury, Johnson missed the 1957 and 1959 seasons (the latter due to a car accident), but in 1958 and 1960, he improved the world record two more times. The crown on his career came in 1960, at the Rome Olympics. His most important opponent was
Yang Chuan-Kwangof Taiwan. Yang also studied at UCLA, and the two were training together and had become friends, training under legendary UCLA track coach Elvin C. "Ducky" Drake. After nine events, Johnson led Yang, but Yang was thought to be capable of overcoming this gap in the final event, the 1500 m. Johnson however managed to cling on to Yang, and won the gold.
At UCLA, Johnson also played basketball under legendary coach John Wooden, and was a starter on the 1959-60 Men's Basketball team. [ [http://spotlight.ucla.edu/alumni/rafer-johns_olym/] "UCLA.edu Spotlight" October 1, 2005]
Johnson was named Sports Illustrated's
Sportsman of the Yearin 1958 [ [http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/features/1998/sportsman/1958/] SportsIllustrated.CNN.com] and won the James E. Sullivan Awardas the top amateur athlete in the United States in 1960, breaking that award's color barrier. In 1994, he was elected into the first class of the World Sports Humanitarian Hall of Fame. In 1998, he was named one of ESPN's 100 Greatest North American Athletes of the 20th Century. In 2006, the NCAA named him one of the 100 Most Influential Student Athletes of the past 100 years. Fact|date=June 2008
After this gold medal, Johnson ended his athletic career. In 1960, he began acting in
motion picturesand worked as a sportscaster. In 1968, he worked on the presidential election campaign of Robert Kennedyand was one of those present who helped wrestle Kennedy's assassin, Sirhan Sirhanto the floor. Sixteen years later, he was chosen to ignite the Olympic Flameduring the opening ceremonies of the 1984 Summer Olympicsin Los Angeles.
Johnson made several film appearances including the
James Bondfilm " Licence to Kill" as a DEA agent.
Johnson's autobiography, "The Best That I Can Be" was published in 1998.
Johnson's brother, Jimmy, is a member of the
Pro Football Hall of Fameand his daughter, Jennifer, competed in beach volleyballat the 2000 Olympic Gamesin Sydneyfollowing her collegiate career at UCLA.
Rafer Johnson Junior High School in Kingsburg, Ca. is named after Johnson, as are Rafer Johnson Community Day School in Bakersfield, CA and Rafer Johnson Children's Center in Bakersfield, CA. This last school, which has classes for special education students from the ages of Birth-5, also puts on an annual Rafer Johnson Day. Every year Rafer speaks at the event and cheers on hundreds of students with significant special needs as they participate in a variety of track and field events.
Rafer Johnson is the spokesperson for Hershey's Track & Field Games.
Johnson is very involved in Special Olympics Southern California, having been one of the founding members.
Rafer Johnson is a member of
The Pigskin Club of Washington D.C.National Intercollegiate All-American Football Players Honor Roll.
*Olympic medalists in athletics
* [http://www.olympic.org/common/asp/launchvideo.asp?name=otab3_losangeles84_win_high.wmv Video clip from 1984 Summer Olympics, including Rafer Johnson lighting the Olympic Flame]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Rafer Johnson — Informations Discipline(s) Décathlon … Wikipédia en Français
Rafer Johnson — Rafer Lewis Johnson (* 18. August 1935 in Hillsboro, Texas) ist ein ehemaliger US amerikanischer Leichtathlet. Seine Spezialdisziplin war der Zehnkampf. Leben Johnsons Familie zog nach Kingsburg, Kalifornien, als er neun Jahre alt war. Er spielte … Deutsch Wikipedia
Rafer Lewis Johnson — (* 18. August 1935 in Hillsboro, Texas) ist ein ehemaliger US amerikanischer Leichtathlet. Seine Spezialdisziplin war der Zehnkampf. Leben Johnsons Familie zog nach Kingsburg, Kalifornien, als er neun Jahre alt war. Er spielte zunächst in… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Johnson (Familienname) — Johnson ist ein Familienname. Herkunft und Bedeutung Johnson ist eine patronymische Namensbildung, abgeleitet vom englischen Vornamen John (deutsch: Johannes). Namensträger Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H I J K L … Deutsch Wikipedia
Johnson, Rafer (Lewis) — (n. 18 ago. 1935, Hillsboro, Texas, EE.UU.). Decatleta estadounidense. Mientras estudiaba en la UCLA, ganó la medalla de oro del decatlón en los Juegos Panamericanos de 1955. En los Juegos Olímpicos de 1960 se convirtió en el primer deportista… … Enciclopedia Universal
Rafer Alston — Fiche d’identité … Wikipédia en Français
Johnson — Johnson, Andrew Johnson, Eyvind Johnson, Lyndon Baines Johnson, Philip Johnson, Samuel * * * (as used in expressions) . Marguerite Johnson Bunche, Ralph (Johnson) Field, Stephen J(ohnson) Heade, Martin Johnson Johnson … Enciclopedia Universal
Johnson, Rafer — ▪ American athlete and executive in full Rafer Lewis Johnson born August 18, 1935, Hillsboro, Texas, U.S. American athlete, who won a gold medal in the decathlon at the 1960 Olympic Games in Rome. Johnson competed in his first… … Universalium
Johnson — /jon seuhn/; for 3 also Sw. /yoon sawn/, n. 1. Andrew, 1808 75, seventeenth president of the U.S. 1865 69. 2. Charles Spurgeon /sperr jeuhn/, 1893 1956, U.S. educator and sociologist. 3. Eyvind /ay vin/, 1900 76, Swedish writer: Nobel prize 1974 … Universalium
Johnson, Rafer (Lewis) — born Aug. 18, 1935, Hillsboro, Texas, U.S. U.S. decathlete. While a student at UCLA, he won the decathlon gold medal at the 1955 Pan American Games. At the 1960 Olympic Games he became the first African American athlete to carry the U.S. flag in… … Universalium