List of trails in Grand Canyon National Park
The following is a list of
hiking trails that are, in whole or part, within the established boundaries of Grand Canyon National Park, located in Coconino and Mohave counties in the U.S. stateof Arizona. [ [http://www.nps.gov/archive/grca/backcountry/trails/index.htm Grand Canyon National Park Backcountry Trails] ] [ [http://www.kaibab.org/bc/gc_trail.htm#south Grand Canyon Explorer, Trail Listing] ] [ [http://www.hitthetrail.com/trails.php Denise Traver's Hit the Trail, Corridor Trail Information] ]
All pack and foot
trails in Grand Canyon National Park fall under the jurisdiction of the Grand Canyon Backcountry Office (BCO), located in the Backcountry Information Center in Grand Canyon Village. This building previously housed a railway depot. The BCO administers trail maintenance, patrol, and search and rescue operations in the Grand Canyon's backcountry areas.
The Grand Canyon Backcountry Office manages undeveloped areas of the canyon by following the 1988 Backcountry Management Plan (BMP), as amended. [ [http://www.nps.gov/archive/grca/wilderness/documents/1988_BCMP.pdf Backcountry Management Plan, Grand Canyon National Park] ] The goal of the plan is to mitigate human impacts to ecologically sensitive areas within the park. In those areas, the BMP provides management guidelines for:
*Establishment of management zones (use areas)
*Permit system and fee structure for overnight use
*Establishment of visitor use limits
*Enforcement of the plan's provisions
*Interprative programs to educate canyon visitors
*Research to determine if the plan's goals are being met
The adoption of the BMP marked the first time permits were required for overnight use of the park's backcountry. [ [http://www.nps.gov/archive/grca/wilderness/documents/1988_BCMP.pdf Backcountry Management Plan, Grand Canyon National Park, Appendix B, p.20] ] The permit process was instituted on
1 October 1988and is still in use today. Permits may be applied for up to four months in advance of a hiker's planned itinerary, on the first day of each month. Permit requests may be faxed, mailed, or delivered in-person. A permit is "not" required for day use of backcountry trails. [ [http://www.nps.gov/grca/planyourvisit/backcountry-permit.htm Grand Canyon National Park, Backcountry Information] ]
Fees are required to obtain backcountry use permits. Information can be obtained from the parks Backcountry Information Center.
Leave No Trace
Leave No Trace[ [http://www.nps.gov/grca/planyourvisit/backcountry-permit.htm Leave No Trace] ] ethics ask that all hikers abide by the following nine principles while hiking in the Grand Canyon National Park:
# All hikers should be prepared for the hike before them. Know the trail and know your limits.
# Do not create your own campsites. Only use existing sites and do not alter them.
# Stay on the trail as much as possible. No shortcuts.
# Pack out everything you bring in the canyon. This includes trash and toilet paper.
# Do not make any fires.
# Please refrain from using loud noises unless absolutely needed.
# Do not wash your dishes in a water source. Carry water 200 ft away and scatter the dish water.
# Bury any solid human waste at least 200 ft away from any water source. It should be buried in a hole 4 to 6 in deep and wide.
# Do not interfere with wildlife or items with cultural significance. Taking any items out of the
Grand Canyon, including rocks, is prohibited.
Backcountry trail designations
Established trails within backcountry areas of the park are assigned one of the following designations by the
National Park Service: [ [http://www.nps.gov/archive/grca/wilderness/documents/1988_BCMP.pdf Backcountry Management Plan, Grand Canyon National Park, Appendix G, Section C, p.39] ]
These designations define the expected daily use of a trail, as well as its level of management, maintenance, and patrol by park personnel or backcountry rangers.
A corridor trail receives the highest
hikingand stock use by visitors to the park and muleuse by park concessionairres. To accommodate this, the National Park Serviceregularly patrols and maintains corridor trails.
The following are designated as corridor trails:
Bright Angel Trail
North Kaibab Trail
Plateau Point Trail
South Kaibab Trail
South Kaibab Trailand North Kaibab Trailare officially part of the Arizona Trailsystem which crosses the park from south to north, although they retain their original names in all park publications and signage. [ [http://www.aztrail.org/passages/pass_38.html Arizona Trail, Passage 38 Trail Description] ]
A threshold trail receives lower visitation than corridor trails, but will receive more than primitive trails. The National Park Service does not regularly maintain threshold trails, but reconstructs sections damaged by environmental forces, or to prevent further trail erosion. Maintenance will also be done to protect historical features along a threshold trail. Cairns are permitted, but are to be placed discriminitely.
The following are designated as threshold trails:
Clear Creek Trail
Dripping Springs Trail
Thunder River Trail
A primitive trail receives the least visitation of all trails. The National Park Service does not regularly maintain primitive trails, but reconstructs sections damaged by environmental forces only in cases where its existing condition creates a hazard. Multiple trail eradication is done to prevent accidental off-trail hiking. Cairns are permitted, but are to be placed discriminately.
The following are designated as primitive trails:
Bill Hall Trail
Deer Creek Trail
Havasu Canyon Route("a portion of this trail is within the park").
Kanab Creek Trail
Lava Falls Trail
North Bass Trail
New Hance Trail(a.k.a. Red Canyon Trail)
South Bass Trail
South Canyon Trail
A route is a footpath that does not fall under the definition of
trailbecause it was not deliberately constructed, or contains portions of trails that have fallen into such disrepair that they can no longer be identified on a map. Routes may exist due to cross-country hiking or animal use.
Due to their difficulty, routes receive the lowest visitation of all footpaths within the park. The National Park Service only maintains routes to minimize damage to nearby natural resources.
The following do not fall into any of the above trail designations, and are classified as routes:
Royal Arch Route
hiking trails exist within Grand Canyon National Parkbut do not venture below the rim of the canyon.
Bright Angel Point Trail
Cape Final Trail
Cape Royal Trail
Cliff Spring Trail
Fire Point Trail
Francois Matthes Trail
Ken Patrick Trail
Komo Point Trail
Tiyo Point Trail
Uncle Jim Trail
Walhalla Glades Trail
Walhalla Spur Trail
Grand Canyon National Park
List of Colorado River rapids and features
* [http://www.nps.gov/grca Grand Canyon National Park, Official Site]
* [http://www.nps.gov/grca/planyourvisit/upload/permit-request.pdf Grand Canyon National Park, Backcountry Permit Request Form]
* [http://www.kaibab.org Grand Canyon Explorer]
* [http://www.hitthetrail.com Denise Traver's Hit the Trail Website]
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