An ethical principle formulated as part of extropian philosophy, the proactionary principle is formulated by the extropian
Max Moreas follows:
People’s freedom to innovate technologically is highly valuable, even critical, to humanity. This implies several imperatives when restrictive measures are proposed: Assess risks and opportunities according to available science, not popular perception. Account for both the costs of the restrictions themselves, and those of opportunities foregone. Favor measures that are proportionate to the probability and magnitude of impacts, and that have a high expectation value. Protect people’s freedom to experiment, innovate, and progress.
The Proactionary Principle was formulated as an opposing view point to the
Precautionary Principlewhich is based on the concept that consequences of actions in complex systems are often unpredictable and irreversible. The Proactionary Principle is based upon the observation that historically, the most useful and important technological innovations were neither obvious nor well-understood at that the time of their invention. Dr. More recommends 10 principles in his paper [http://www.maxmore.com/proactionary.htm Proactionary Principle] :
#Freedom to innovate
#Renew and Refresh
In theory, sufficient study of the variables of any proposed course of action may yield acceptable levels of predictability. In this regard The Proactionary Principle can be looked upon as the philosophical formulation of the accepted mathematical principles of "extrapolation" and the logical principles of "induction".
However, "sufficient study" may in some cases be impractical. For instance, in releasing a new life form into the biosphere — whether genetically-modified plant, animal, or bacteria — one would have to simulate the biosphere to achieve "acceptable levels of predictability." While the innovator of the new life form might point out that such a simulation would be a heavy burden, the other life forms in the biosphere could suffer irreparable harm in the case of an untested release. More's first principle, freedom to innovate, would place the burden of proof on those who propose a restrictive measure.
The opportunity cost of imposing a restrictive measure must be balanced against the potential costs of damage due to a new technology, rather than just considering the potential damages alone.
* [http://www.maxmore.com/proactionary.htm Proactionary Principle, authored by Max More]
* [http://www.fightaging.org/archives/000113.php Commentary from "Fight Aging!"]
* [http://www.worldchanging.com/archives/004174.html The Open Future: The Reversibility Principle] (WorldChanging.com, March 6, 2006 article)
* [http://www.extropy.org The Extropy Institute]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Precautionary principle — The precautionary principle is a moral and political principle which states that if an action or policy might cause severe or irreversible harm to the public or to the environment, in the absence of a scientific consensus that harm would not… … Wikipedia
Tissue engineering — Principle of tissue engineering Tissue engineering was once categorized as a sub field of bio materials, but having grown in scope and importance it can be considered as a field in its own right. It is the use of a combination of cells,… … Wikipedia
Max More — at the 2006 Stanford Singularity Summit. Max More (born January 1964) is a philosopher and futurist who writes, speaks, and consults on advanced decision making about emerging technologies. … Wikipedia
Список важнейших понятий трансгуманизма — … Википедия
Natasha Vita-More — Occupation Media artist and futurist Natasha Vita More (born Nance Clark in Eastchester, New York) is a media artist and designer, with a science background, known for designing Primo Posthuman.  … Wikipedia
Gun — This article is about the projectile weapon. For other uses, see Gun (disambiguation). Smith Wesson Military and Police revolver … Wikipedia
Nanotechnology — Part of a series of articles on … Wikipedia
Transhumanism — This article is about the futurist ideology and movement. For the critique of humanism, see posthumanism … Wikipedia
Extropianism — Extropianism, also referred to as extropism or extropy, is an evolving framework of values and standards for continuously improving the human condition. Extropians believe that advances in science and technology will some day let people live… … Wikipedia
Sustainable design — Sustainable urban design and innovation: Photovoltaic ombrière SUDI is an autonomous and mobile station that replenishes energy for electric vehicles using solar energy. See also: Sustainable engineering and Ecological design … Wikipedia