Theodorus of Byzantium
Theodorus is noted by
Platoin his ironic survey of oratory in the "Phaedrus" for mentioning "confirmation and further confirmation", and calls Theodorus "that most excellent artist in words." Phaedrus responds in turn by calling Theodorus "worthy." [Plato, [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=Plat.+Phaedrus+266e "Phaedrus" 266e.] Tr. Harold N. Fowler, 1925] Quintillianreferences Plato's usage in his history of Oratory in the third book of the "Instiutio Oratoria". The Loebtranslation of the passage gives us the perhaps more appropriate reading of "word-artificer" for Plato's witticism. [Quintillian, [http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Quintilian/Institutio_Oratoria/3A*.html#1 "Institutio Oratoria" 3.1.11.] Tr. H.E. Butler, 1920] Diogenes Laertiusrefers to him in a similarly cursorial manner. [Diogenes Laertius, ii. 104]
Aristotle places him beside Tisias and
Thrasymachusas the key movers in the history of rhetoric. Quoting the W. A. Pickard-Cambridge text: "For it may be that in everything, as the saying is 'the first start is the main part'... This is in fact what has happened in regard to rhetorical speeches and to practically all the other arts: for those who discovered the beginnings of them advanced them in all only a little way, whereas the celebrities of to-day are the heirs (so to speak) of a long succession of men who have advanced them bit by bit, and so have developed them to their present form, Tisias coming next after the first founders, then Thrasymachusafter Tisias, and Theodorus next to him, while several people have made their several contributions to it: and therefore it is not to be wondered at that the art has attained considerable dimensions." [Aristotle, "On Sophistical Refutations" 183b22-34. Tr. Pickard-Cambridge, 1941] The later Peripateticschool seems not to have been so kind. Dionysius of Halicarnassus, writing of the school in his era, 30 BC, states that "It is important that they should not assume that all the principles of rhetoric are covered in Peripatetic philosophy, and that nothing significant has been discovered by Theodorus, Thrasymachus, Antiphon and their associates..." [Dionysius of Halicarnassus, "First Letter to Ammaeus" 2. Tr. Dillon and Gergel, 2003] Some commentators conclude from the passage that Theodorus is linked significantly with Antiphon and Thrasymachus. [Dillon and Gergel, 142] Elsewhere, Dionysius speaks of him as antiquated, careless and superficial. [Dionysius of Halicarnassus, "De Antiq. Oratorib."; "de Isaeo", c. 19] Cicerodescribes him as excelling rather in the theory than the practice of his art. [Cicero, "Brutus", c. 12]
The Byzantine "
Suda" quotes the "Phaedrus" again in referencing Theodorus, with the translation giving the curious variation of "Daedalus of words." The "Suda" provides a brief listing of his works, declaring him the author of "Against Thrasybulus", and "Against Andocides", as well as undeclared others. ["Suda", s.v. Theodorus. [http://www.stoa.org/sol-bin/search.pl?login=guest&enlogin=guest&db=REAL&field=adlerhw_gr&searchstr=theta,149 Θ, 149] . Tr. Ada Adler, 1928-1938]
econdary sources and translations
*cite book |last=Dillon |first=John |coauthors=Gergel, Tania |title=The Greek Sophists |year=2003 |publisher=Penguin Group |location=Great Britain |language=English |id=ISBN 0-14-043689-8
*cite book |last=Pickard-Cambridge |first=W. A. |editor=Richard McKeon |title=The Basic Works of Aristotle, De Sophisticis Elenchis ("On Sophistical Refutations") |origyear=1941 |year=2001 |publisher=Modern Library |location=New York |language=English |id=ISBN 0-375-75799-6
*William Smith, (1873). "
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology". London: John Murray.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Byzantine literature — may be defined as the Greek literature of the Middle Ages, whether written in the territory of the Byzantine Empire or outside its bordersEncyclopaedia Britannica Greek literature: Byzantine literature ] . It forms the second period in the… … Wikipedia
Byzantine Literature — • The four cultural elements included are the Greek, the Christian, the Roman, and the Oriental Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Byzantine Literature Byzantine Literature … Catholic encyclopedia
List of ancient Greeks — This an alphabetical list of ancient Greeks. These include ethnic Greeks and Greek language speakers from Greece and the Mediterranean world up to about 200 AD. compactTOCRelated articles NOTOC A*Acacius of Caesarea bishop of Caesarea… … Wikipedia
Theodore the Studite — Infobox Saint name=Theodore the Studite birth date=759 death date=826 feast day=11 November venerated in=Eastern Orthodox Church, Eastern Catholic Churches, Roman Catholic Church imagesize=200px caption=St. Theodore of Studion: 11th century… … Wikipedia
Icon — This article is about the religious artifacts. For other uses, see Icon (disambiguation). The Ladder of Divine Ascent icon showing monks ascending to Jesus in Heaven, top right. 12th century, St. Catherine s Monastery … Wikipedia
Tarsus, Mersin — Tarsus … Wikipedia
Battle of Ajnadayn — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Ajnadayn caption= partof=Muslim conquest of Syria and Byzantine Arab Wars date=July 30, 634 place=Ajnadayn result=Decisive Rashidun Caliphate victory territory=Southern Syria and Palestine annexed by… … Wikipedia
Prefet du pretoire — Préfet du prétoire Monarchie romaine 753 – 509 av. J. C. République romaine 509 – 27 av. J. C. Empire romain 27 av. J. C. – 476 Empire byzantin 395 – 1453 … Wikipédia en Français
Préfecture du prétoire — Préfet du prétoire Monarchie romaine 753 – 509 av. J. C. République romaine 509 – 27 av. J. C. Empire romain 27 av. J. C. – 476 Empire byzantin 395 – 1453 … Wikipédia en Français
Préfet du prétoire — Monarchie romaine 753 – 509 av. J. C. République romaine 509 – 27 av. J. C. Empire romain 27 av. J. C. – 476 Empire byzantin … Wikipédia en Français