- Second Battle of Zürich
Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Second Battle of Zürich
François Bouchot. The Battle of Zurich, 25th September 1799
War of the Second Coalition
26 September 1799
combatant2=flagicon|Holy Roman EmpireAustria
Alexander Korsakov, Friedrich von Hotze
The Second Battle of Zürich (25–26 September 1799) was a French victory over an Austrian and Russian force near
Zürich. It broke the stalemate that had resulted from the First Battle of Zürichthree months earlier and led to the withdrawal of Russia from the Second Coalition.
After he had been forced out of the city in June, general
André Massénahad fortified his position on the Zürichberg. General Korsakov's Russians took control of the city. General Alexander Suvorovwas also supposed to join forces, marching across the Gotthard pass, but Suvorov's army was harassed by a small force sent by Masséna and did not reach Zürich in time. The coalition forces greatly outnumbered the French, so Korsakov sent more than half his force of around 60,000 men to cut off the French line of retreat.
Masséna turned on the coalition army under General Korsakov, which he defeated, capturing their cannons and other supplies and inflicting about 8,000 casualties.
Most of the fighting took place on both banks of the river
Limmatup to the gates of Zürich, and within the city itself. General Oudinot commanded the French forces on the right bank and general Mortier those on the left. At the same time General Soult attacked and defeated the Austrians on the river Linthunder Field Marshal Baron Hotze, who was killed early in the day.
Masséna then rounded on the Austrian commanders with a brilliant offensive operation and drove their army away; killing, wounding and capturing almost 14,000 Austrians and Russians.
France was saved from an imminent invasion because Russia withdrew from the
Second Coalition. The Helvetic Republicwas weakened, losing its support among the population, leading to the Act of Mediationof 1803, partly restoring pre-revolutionary conditions.
Switzerland in the Napoleonic era
* [http://www.stub.unibe.ch/stub/ryhiner/images/ch/rec00001/r0000906.htm map of French fortifications in June 1799]
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