Tachikawa, Tokyo

Japanese city
Name=Tachikawa
JapaneseName=立川市
Prefecture=Tokyo
Region=Kantō
Area_km2=24.38
Population=174,605
PopDate=2004
Density_km2=7976
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LatitudeDegrees= 35
LatitudeMinutes= 41
LatitudeSeconds=
LongtitudeDegrees= 139
LongtitudeMinutes= 25
LongtitudeSeconds=
Postal code=
Area code=
Mayor=
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Flower=
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CityHallPostalCode =
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CityHallLink = [http://www.city.tachikawa.tokyo.jp/ Tachikawa] | City

Elevation=
nihongo|Tachikawa|立川市|"Tachikawa-shi" is a city located in western Tokyo, Japan.

As of 2004, the city has an estimated population of 174,605 and the density of 7,976 people per km². The total area is 24.38 km². Showa Memorial Park, an expansive leisure and recreational facility operated by the national government, occupies 1.49 square kilometres of land that was formerly part of Tachikawa Air Base in Tachikawa and neighboring Akishima.

The city was founded on December 1, 1940.

Geography

Tachikawa is about 40km west of the center of Tokyo. Kunitachi, Kokubunji, and Kodaira are east of Tachikawa, Higashiyamato, and Musashimurayama are north of Tachikawa, Fussa, and Akishima west of Tachikawa, and Hino to the south.

Transportation

Tachikawa is on the JR Chūō Line. Trains traveling west from Tokyo Station through Shinjuku stop at Tachikawa Station before continuing to Hachiōji and Takao. The JR Ome Line and Itsukaichi Line also serve the city, stopping at Tachikawa and Nishi Tachikawa stations. The Nambu Line links Tachikawa and Kawasaki, following the Tama River.

The Tama Toshi Monorail Line carries traffic north and south from Tachikawa. Several stations are in the city, and Tachikawa Minami and Tachikawa Kita stations flank JR Tachikawa Station. On a clear day, the monorail offers spectacular views of Mt. Fuji and the Tama region.

National Route 20, the Kōshū Kaidō, carries automobile and truck traffic through Tachikawa in the east-west direction.

Bus service links Tachikawa and the major airports in the region, Haneda and Narita.

The Tama River flows between Tachikawa and Hino.

Tamagawa-jousui (Tamagawa water supply) flows north of town, a great promenade is located on both banks. Tamagawa-jousui is also the name of a station.

Points of interest

The area around the Tachikawa JR train station features several large department stores, including Lumine, Isetan, and Takashimaya as well as one of the newest and largest cinemas in the Tokyo area. Numerous restaurants, izakaya, bars, and pubs are located on both the north and south sides of the station. In recent years a thriving red-light district has emerged on the south side of the station. This district is large enough that many locals now refer to it as the "mini-Kabukichō" after the famous cabaret district of Shinjuku. Also located near the train station is a large keirinjou (競輪場), or bicycle racetrack, in which spectators place wagers on the results of bicycle races, much as in horse racing. Finally, the honbu of Satojuku, a significant style of karate with origins in Kyokushinkai is located on the south side of the station.

The alternate center for Japan's national government is located on a portion of what used to be Tachikawa Air Base. The center includes offices, communications and control centers, and a hospital. The center is for the national government to use if forced to relocate or as a command center to direct a response to a significant national disaster or emergency.

Education

Primary and secondary schools

Tachikawa operates its public elementary and junior high schools.

Tokyo Metropolitan Government Board of Education operates public high schools:
*Kitatama High School [http://www.kitatama-h.metro.tokyo.jp/]
*Sunagawa High School [http://www.sunagawa-h.metro.tokyo.jp/]
*Tachikawa High School [http://www.tachikawa-h.metro.tokyo.jp/]

In addition the metropolis operates the Tachikawa International Secondary Education School [http://www.tatikawa-chukou-j.metro.tokyo.jp/] .

Public libraries

The Tokyo Metropolitan Library Tama Library opened in Tachikawa in 1987 to relieve municipal libraries. [ [http://www.library.metro.tokyo.jp/1b/1b300.html] ]

ister City

Tachikawa is also a sister city to San Bernardino, California. In addition, it participates in a high school exchange program with San Bernardino.

ee also

References

External links

* [http://www.city.tachikawa.tokyo.jp/ Tachikawa official website] in Japanese


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