CityHallLink = [http://www.city.tachikawa.tokyo.jp/ Tachikawa] | City
nihongo|Tachikawa|立川市|"Tachikawa-shi" is a city located in western
2004, the city has an estimated populationof 174,605 and the density of 7,976 people per km². The total area is 24.38 km². Showa Memorial Park, an expansive leisure and recreational facility operated by the national government, occupies 1.49 square kilometres of land that was formerly part of Tachikawa Air Base in Tachikawa and neighboring Akishima.
The city was founded on
December 1, 1940.
Tachikawa is about 40km west of the center of Tokyo.
Kunitachi, Kokubunji, and Kodairaare east of Tachikawa, Higashiyamato, and Musashimurayamaare north of Tachikawa, Fussa, and Akishimawest of Tachikawa, and Hinoto the south.
Tachikawa is on the JR Chūō Line. Trains traveling west from
Tokyo Stationthrough Shinjukustop at Tachikawa Stationbefore continuing to Hachiōji and Takao. The JR Ome Lineand Itsukaichi Linealso serve the city, stopping at Tachikawa and Nishi Tachikawa stations. The Nambu Linelinks Tachikawa and Kawasaki, following the Tama River.
Tama Toshi Monorail Linecarries traffic north and south from Tachikawa. Several stations are in the city, and Tachikawa Minami and Tachikawa Kita stations flank JR Tachikawa Station. On a clear day, the monorail offers spectacular views of Mt. Fuji and the Tama region.
National Route 20, the
Kōshū Kaidō, carries automobile and truck traffic through Tachikawa in the east-west direction.
Tama Riverflows between Tachikawa and Hino.
Tamagawa-jousui (Tamagawa water supply) flows north of town, a great promenade is located on both banks. Tamagawa-jousui is also the name of a station.
Points of interest
The area around the Tachikawa JR train station features several large department stores, including
Lumine, Isetan, and Takashimayaas well as one of the newest and largest cinemas in the Tokyo area. Numerous restaurants, izakaya, bars, and pubs are located on both the north and south sides of the station. In recent years a thriving red-light districthas emerged on the south side of the station. This district is large enough that many locals now refer to it as the "mini-Kabukichō" after the famous cabaret district of Shinjuku. Also located near the train station is a large keirinjou (競輪場), or bicycle racetrack, in which spectators place wagers on the results of bicycle races, much as in horse racing. Finally, the honbuof Satojuku, a significant style of karate with origins in Kyokushinkaiis located on the south side of the station.
The alternate center for Japan's national government is located on a portion of what used to be Tachikawa Air Base. The center includes offices, communications and control centers, and a hospital. The center is for the national government to use if forced to relocate or as a command center to direct a response to a significant national disaster or emergency.
Primary and secondary schools
Tachikawa operates its public elementary and junior high schools.
Tokyo Metropolitan Government Board of Educationoperates public high schools:
Kitatama High School[http://www.kitatama-h.metro.tokyo.jp/]
Sunagawa High School[http://www.sunagawa-h.metro.tokyo.jp/]
Tachikawa High School[http://www.tachikawa-h.metro.tokyo.jp/]
In addition the metropolis operates the
Tachikawa International Secondary Education School[http://www.tatikawa-chukou-j.metro.tokyo.jp/] .
Tokyo Metropolitan LibraryTama Library opened in Tachikawa in 1987to relieve municipal libraries. [ [http://www.library.metro.tokyo.jp/1b/1b300.html] ]
Tachikawa is also a
sister cityto San Bernardino, California. In addition, it participates in a high schoolexchange program with San Bernardino.
* [http://www.city.tachikawa.tokyo.jp/ Tachikawa official website] in Japanese
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