Rensselaer County, New York
Infobox U.S. County
county = Rensselaer County
state = New York
map size = 250
founded = 1791
seat = Troy | area_total_sq_mi =665
area percentage = 1.72%
census yr = 2000
pop = 152538
web = www.rensco.com
Rensselaer County is a
countyin the U.S. stateof New York. As of the 2000 census, the population was 152,538. Its name is in honor of the family of Killiaen Van Rensselaer, the original Dutch owner of the land in the area. Its county seatis Troy. It is part of the Albany-Schenectady-Troy Metropolitan Statistical Area.
The county was a part of
Rensselaerwyck, an immense land holding purchased by Kiliaen van Rensselaerfrom the Mohawk and MohicanIndians, starting in 1630.
"For the history of Rensselaer County prior to 1791, see Albany County,
In 1791, Rensselaer County (as well as Saratoga County) was split off from Albany County.
Rensselaer County is in the eastern part of New York State. The eastern boundary of Rensselaer County runs along the
New York- Vermontand New York- Massachusettsborders.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 665
square miles (1,723 km²), of which, 654 square miles (1,694 km²) of it is land and 11 square miles (30 km²) of it (1.72%) is water.
The highest point is Berlin Mountain, convert|2818|ft|m|0) above sea level, in the town of Berlin. The lowest point is sea level at the Hudson.
Hoosic River, a tributary of the Hudson River, is in the north part of the county.
New York- north
New York- south
New York- southwest
New York- west
New York- northwest
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 152,538 people, 59,894 households, and 39,050 families residing in the county. The population densitywas 233 people per square mile (90/km²). There were 66,120 housing units at an average density of 101 per square mile (39/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.13% White, 4.69% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 1.71% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.89% from other races, and 1.34% from two or more races. 2.11% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 22.3% were of Irish, 14.7% Italian, 12.8% German, 7.5% English, 6.2% French and 5.3% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 93.4% spoke English and 2.0% Spanish as their first language.
There were 59,894 households out of which 31.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.80% were married couples living together, 12.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.80% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.02.
In the county the population was spread out with 24.20% under the age of 18, 10.10% from 18 to 24, 29.10% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, and 13.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 95.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.70 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $42,905, and the median income for a family was $52,864. Males had a median income of $36,666 versus $28,153 for females. The
per capita incomefor the county was $21,095. About 6.70% of families and 9.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.90% of those under age 18 and 6.60% of those age 65 or over.
Government and Politcs
Beginning in 1791 Rensselaer County was governed by a Board of Supervisors, which acted as the Legislature, with the chairman of the board serving as a de-facto Executive. In 1970, the Rensselaer County Legislature was created, which elected Edward J. "Ned" Quinn as Chairman. The Chairman served as the equivalent to an executive until the office of
County Executivewas created in 1972. Since its creation, Democrats have never won the office, although they controlled the Legislature until 1994. One notable candidate for Executive was Edward Pattisonwho was later elected to Congress, and whose son Mark served two terms as Mayor of Troy. The current county executive is Kathleen M. Jimino. She is one of only four female county executives in New York State. Legislative authority is vested in the County Legislature, which consists of 19 members representing 16 different communities, separated into six districts. The current composition of the Legislature is as follows (13 Republicans and 6 Democrats):
Troy: Neil J. Kelleher, Chairman (R) Robert Mirch, Majority Leader (C) Laura Bauer (R) James Brearton (R) Peter Grimm (D) Nancy McHugh (R)
North Greenbush, East Greenbush, and Poestenkill: Ginny O'Brien, Minority Leader (D) Keith Hammond, Deputy Minority Leader (D) W. Kenneth Harrington (D) Brian Zweig (D)
Schodack, Sand Lake, and Nassau: Flora Fasoldt (D) Martin Reid (R) Alex Shannon (R) [ [http://blogs.timesunion.com/localpolitics/?p=851 Albany Politics blog - Capital Region - Rensselaer - Saratoga - Schenectady - Albany County - NY - timesunion.com - Local politics » New legislator seated ] ]
Hoosick, Berlin, Stephentown, & Petersburgh: Stanley Brownell (R) Lester Goodermote (R)
Rensselaer: Mike Stammel (R)
Cities, towns, villages, and other locations
*East Greenbush (town)
*East Nassau (village)
*Hoosick Falls (village)
*North Greenbush (town)
*Sand Lake (town)
*Valley Falls (village)
*West Sand Lake
*Wynantskill: "=> label in parentheses is official designation".
North: Washington County West: Hudson River
Rensselaer County East: Bennington County, Vermontand
Massachusetts South: Columbia County
* [http://www.rensco.com Rensselaer County, NY]
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