Caïque

A caïque (Greek: "kaiki", from Turkish: "kayık") is a wooden fishing boat usually found among the waters of the Ionian or Aegean Seas.It is traditionally a small wooden trading vessel, brightly painted and rigged for sail. The Caïque is also a typical case of positioning the beam far aft, with a long sharp bow. [Robertson, J. C. "The Mechanics' Magazine, Museum, Register, Journal, and Gazette". [http://books.google.com/books?id=kZgAAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA314&dq=caique Page 314] ]

Construction

Caïques were built on the foreshore in a shipyard, from pine wood.

The hull of the craft is built with sawn ribs and a timber keel, stem, etc. covered with caravel planking, terminated with the deck. The frame of the craft is often painted with orange primer, to preserve and seal the timber. The caïque usually has a short mast .

A bowsprit is stayed by rigging. In the stern of the caïque the predominant form is the tiller. These wooden steering arms are sometimes carved in the face of a dog or animal. The caïque often has a horizontal windlass mounted over the bow. The bow is also known in Greek as the "proura" or "plowri", similar to the English prow.

Most caïques are painted white, to counter the powerful sun, with the strakes and topsides in vivid chromatic colors. The name of the boat is painted or carved on a tablet, on the planking below the bow. Letters on Greek vessels representing the islands of Greece give the boat's provenance. The prefix N stands for Nisi, the Greek word for Island.

Each caïque is unique. The majority are built from the boatbuilder's craft and memory having no plans. The bow post distinguishes the caïque from other Mediterranean working boats.

Modern-day use

Traditionally the caïque was used for fishing and trawling. Of late they have become a short excursion vessel, and former fishermen make money from the summer tourist trade on the busy islands, such as Corfu (Kerkyra) and Mykonos.

The art of the boatbuilder is dying as plastic and fiberglass craft supersede the wooden craft.

Etymology

From the French "caïque", from the Italian "caicco", from the Greek "kaiki", from the Turkish "kayık"(the source of the word loaned into the Greek and ultimately the English word as well), from the Ottoman Turkish: "qayïq or qayïk"), related to the Persian "qayeq" but ultimately from the Old Turkic "qayghug" and "qayghuq". [ [http://www.penwith.gov.uk/index.cfm?articleid=23907 Penwith District Council - Boat Types ] ] [ [http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1O27-caique.html The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology] "caique": light boat used in the Mediterranean. XVII. "- French "caïque" - Italian "caicco" - Turkish "kayik"."] [ [http://dnghu.org/indoeuropean/indo-european_etymology.htm] "Persian "qayeq" and Greek "καΐκι", “boat”, are from a source akin to French "caique", It. "caicco", i.e. probably Turkish "kayik", O.Turkish "qayghug", maybe from an old Turkic (or otherwise old Asian) word, possibly related to American Indian "kayak", and American Spanish "cayuco". Hence, MIE "kájik", "boat", "caique", "kájak", "kayak"." Here MIE means stands for "Modern Indo-European"] [ [http://www.bartleby.com/61/6/C0020600.html American Heritage Dictionary, 2000 - Caique entry] ]

References

* [http://www.m-w.com/dictionary/caique Merriam-Webster Online - Caïque entry]

External links

* Gatetoturkey.com - [http://www.gatetoturkey.com/special/00345/ Imperial "caiques" on the Bosphorus]
* Caïques of the Sultans - [http://www.sultankayiklari.com/gallery.html Photo gallery of Imperial "caiques"]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • caïque — [ kaik ] n. m. • av. 1752; caïq 1579; it. caicco, turc kaik ♦ Embarcation légère, étroite et pointue à l avant et à l arrière, en usage dans la mer Égée et sur le Bosphore. ● caïque nom masculin (turc kayik, peut être par l intermédiaire de l… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Caique — Caïque Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • caique — (del turco «kayık», a través del fr.) 1 m. *Barca muy ligera, usada en Levante. 2 Esquife que se utilizaba en el servicio de las galeras. * * * caique. (Del fr. caïque, y este del turco kayɩk). m. Esquife destinado al servicio de las galeras. ||… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • caique — (Del fr. caïque, y este del turco kayɩk). 1. m. Esquife destinado al servicio de las galeras. 2. Barca muy ligera que se usaba en los mares de Levante …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • caique — or caïque [kä ēk′] n. [Fr < It caicco < Turk qayiq] 1. a light rowboat used on the Bosporus 2. a kind of sailboat used esp. in the eastern Mediterranean …   English World dictionary

  • Caique — Ca*[ i]que , n. [F., fr. Turk. q[=a][=i]q boat.] (Naut.) A light skiff or rowboat used on the Bosporus; also, a Levantine vessel of larger size. [1913 Webster] || …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Caique — (fr., spr. Kaihk), Galeerenschaluppe …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • caíque — s. m. 1. Barco de navegação costeira, com dois mastros sem mastaréus. 2. Nome de várias outras embarcações …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • caique — CAIQUE, Sorte de chaloupe, petit bastiment, qui sert ordinairement avec les galeres dans la Mediterranée …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Caique — Taxobox name = Caique image caption = Black headed Parrots, pets in a cage. status = LC | status system = IUCN3.1 regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves ordo = Psittaciformes familia = Psittacidae subfamilia = Psittacinae tribus =… …   Wikipedia


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