Warren County, New York

Infobox U.S. County
county = Warren County
state = New York




map size = 250
founded = 1813
seat = Queensbury | area_total_sq_mi =932
area_water_sq_mi =62
area percentage = 6.69%
census yr = 2000
pop = 63303
density_km2 =28
web = co.warren.ny.us
|

Warren County is a county in the U.S. state of New York. It is part of the Glens Falls, New York Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2000 census, the population was 63,303. It is named in honor of General Joseph Warren, killed at the Battle of Bunker Hill in the American Revolutionary War. The county seat is Queensbury.GR|6

History

Early history (1600—1683)

When counties are established (1683—1813)

When counties were established in New York State in 1683, the present Warren County was part of Albany County. The county was enormous, covering the northern part of New York State, all of the present State of Vermont, and, in theory, extended westward to the Pacific Ocean. It was reduced in size on July 3, 1766 by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770 by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont. On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Charlotte County, contained the eastern portion.

In 1778, the name Charlotte County was changed to Washington County to honor George Washington, the American Revolutionary War general and later President of the United States of America.

In 1788, Washington County was reduced in size by the splitting-off of Clinton County. This was a much larger area than the present Clinton County, including several other counties or county parts of the present New York State. Washington County was slightly enlarged by the transfer of the Town of Cambridge from Albany County to Washington County in 1791.

In 1813, Warren County was split off from Washington County, receiving its name in honor of General Joseph Warren, of the Revolutionary army [http://www.rootsweb.com/~nywarren/countyhistory/smith/xvi.htm History of Warren County, edited by H. P. Smith - Chapter XVI: To the Present Time] ] .

Warren County in present time (1813—present)

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 932 square miles (2,413 km²), of which 869 square miles (2,251 km²) consists of land and 62 square miles (162 km²) (6.69%) consists of water.Cite web|author=U.S. Cenusus Bureau|title=Warren County Quick Facts|year=2000|publisher=|accessdate=2008-03-08|url=http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/36/36113.html] Warren County is situated in the eastern portion of New York state; the eastern border is Vermont. Being located in the Adirondack Mountains, it is not uncommon for mountain peaks to surpass convert|2000|ft|m. The highest peak in the county is Gore Mountain at an elevation of convert|3198|ft|m.cite web|author=USGS|title=Gore Mountain topography map|year=|publisher=|accessdate=2008-03-08|url=http://www.topozone.com/map.asp?lon=-74.035134&lat=43.6764539&datum=nad83]

Adjacent counties

*Essex County, New York - north
*Washington County, New York - east
*Saratoga County, New York - south
*Hamilton County, New York - west

Climate

The climate of Warren County is humid continental, as is the rest of New York State. In the winter, bouts of cold, dry air arrive from Canada, and interior sections of North America. In the summer, the Gulf Stream brings hot, moist, humid air to the county.cite web|author=Cornell Cooperative Extension|title=Climate of New York|year=2007|publisher=Cornell Cooperative Extension|accessdate=2008-01- 30|url=http://nysc.eas.cornell.edu/climate_of_ny.html] Extratropical storms often affect the county; in the winter, Nor'easters bring heavy snow and rain, and sometimes high wind. In the summer and fall, back door cold fronts move in from the north and bring thunderstorms, sometimes severe.cite web|author=Cornell Cooperative Extension|title=Climate of New York|year=2007|publisher=Cornell Cooperative Extension|accessdate=2008-01-30|url=http://nysc.eas.cornell.edu/climate_of_ny.html]

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 63,303 people, 25,726 households, and 17,056 families residing in the county. The population density was 73 people per square mile (28/km²). There were 34,852 housing units at an average density of 40 per square mile (15/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.48% White, 0.62% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.55% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.23% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.05% of the population. 17.9% were of Irish, 12.7% English, 11.4% Italian, 11.1% French, 10.6% German and 9.0% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.3% spoke English, 1.4% Spanish and 1.0% French as their first language.

There were 25,726 households out of which 30.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.90% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.70% were non-families. 27.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.00% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 25.10% from 45 to 64, and 15.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 94.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,198, and the median income for a family was $46,793. Males had a median income of $32,922 versus $22,279 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,727. About 7.20% of families and 9.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.10% of those under age 18 and 5.90% of those age 65 or over.

Law/Government and Politics

Warren County has 20 county supervisors; W. VanNess; F. Champagne; L Tessier; E. Merlino; S. Goodspeed; D. Strainer; D. Girard; D. Belden; M. Sokol; K. Geraghty; R. Bentley; K. Simms; H. Taylor; J. Sheehan; F. Thomas; W. Kenny; M. O'Connor; D. Stec; J. Haskell; and F. Monroe,Cite web|author=|title=Warren Count Board of Supervisors|year=2008|publisher=Warren County Website|accessdate=2008-03-07|url=http://www.co.warren.ny.us/bos.php] which represent 11 of the county's towns.Cite web|author=EDC|title=Government of Warren County|year=|publisher=|accessdate=2008-03-07|url=http://www.edcwc.org/regional.htm#govt] There are also 11 town supervisors.cite web|author=|title=Warren County Town Mayors|year-2008|publisher=Warren County Website|accessdate=2008-03-07|url=http://www.co.warren.ny.us/gov.php]

The current Warren County sheriff is Nathan H. York.Cite web|author=Warren County Sheriff's Office|title=Warren County Sheriff|year=2006|publisher=|accessdate=2008-03-07|url=http://sheriff.co.warren.ny.us/index.html] The sheriff's office is structured around three divisions; Administrative Services, Law Enforcement and Correction. The Law Enforcement Division includes both Investigative Services, Patrol Servicesand the Communications Center. Patrol Services have specialized units that operate under the control of the Division Commander.

Warren County has been heavily supportive of Republican candidates since the Civil War. The Republicans currently hold 16 of 20 seats on the county legislature, and George W. Bush won the county by 55% in 2004. Both of Warren County's representatives in the state legislature, Elizabeth O'C. Little in the Senate and Teresa Sayward in the Assembly are Republicans. Currently Republicans constitute 51% of registered voters in Warren County, while Democrats account for 23%.Cite web|author=U.S. Census Bureau|title=Warren County Census|year=2000|publisher=|accessdate=2008-03-07|url=http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/36/36113.html]

Democrats have been steadily making inroads in recent years; Senator Charles Schumer won the county by 56% in his re-election bid in 2004, and the Democrats recently gained a majority on the Glens Falls City Council. John Hall, a Democrat, picked up the county judgeship position in 2003. In 2006 Republican John Sweeney was unseated in the district by Kirsten Gillibrand as Member of Congress.cite web|author=title=Warren County Town Mayors|year-2008|publisher=Warren County Website|accessdate=2008-03-07|url=http://www.co.warren.ny.us/gov.php]

Infastructure

Economy

Throughout the county, annual retail sales totals up to $1,010,937,000. General merchandise sales is $101,762,000. Apparel store's annual sales are $98,221,000 while annual food sales is $162,890,000. Health and drug store sales total up to $44,841,000. [cite web|author=2005 Rand McNally Commercial Atlas & Marketing Guide|title=Warren County, New York|year=2003|publisher=|accessdate=2008-04-16|url=http://www.schenectadyhistory.org/local/rm_warr.html]

The county contains the highest concentrated area of medical manufacturers in New York state, with many medical inventions originating in the county.Cite web|author=HRFM Law|title=Recent patents reflect vibrant medical-device activity in Tech Valley|year=2008|publisher=|accessdate=2008-03-07|url=http://www.hrfmlaw.com/img/articles/hrfmlaw-093005.pdf] Norman Jekyll and David Sheridan introduced the medical device industry to the Glens Falls area. In the 1940s, they produced products that were from materials supplied by war-torn Europe. One of the primary manufacturers is AngioDynamics Inc., which is located in Queensbury, and is a producer of medical devices used in minimally invasive, image-guided procedures to treat peripheral vascular disease. Another major manufacturer of medical devices is Boston Scientific Corp., which is located in Glens Falls.

Education

In Warren County, there are 16 public elementary schools,cite web|author=Public School Review|title=Elementary schools in Warren County, New york|year=|publisher=|accessdate=2008-03-07|url=http://www.publicschoolreview.com/county_schools/stateid/NY/county/36113] with the largest being the Queensbury Elementary School, serving 1,150 studentscite web|author=Public School Review|title=Queensbury Elementary School|year=|publisher=|accessdate=2008-02-07|url=http://www.publicschoolreview.com/school_ov/school_id/57703] and the smallest being the Abraham Wing School, serving 146 students.cite web|author=Public School Review|title=Abraham Wing School|year=|publisher=|accessdate=2008-02-07|url=http://www.publicschoolreview.com/school_ov/school_id/54407] There are nine middle schools, with the largest being Queensbury Middle School, serving 945 studentscite web|author=Public School Review|title=Queensbury Middle School|year=|publisher=|accessdate=2008-02-07|url=http://www.publicschoolreview.com/school_ov/school_id/57704] and the smallest being the Bolton Central School, serving 285 students. There are also 11 high schools, with the largest being the Queensbury Senior High School, serving 1,301 students,cite web|author=Public School Review|title=Queensbury Senior High School|year=|publisher=|accessdate=2008-02-07|url=http://www.publicschoolreview.com/school_ov/school_id/57705] and the smallest being the Bolton Central School, serving 285 students.cite web|author=Public School Review|title=Bolton Central School|year=|publisher=|accessdate=2008-02-07|url=http://www.publicschoolreview.com/school_ov/school_id/54614] In addition, there is one major secondary school; the St. Mary's - St. Alphonsus Regional Catholic School, which is a private school located in Glens Falls.cite web|author=Great Schools|title=St. Mary's - St. Alphonsus Regional Catholic School|year=|publisher=|accessdate=2008-02-07|url=http://www.greatschools.net/cgi-bin/ny/private/4512]

The primary college in Warren County is the Adirondack Community College which provides an extensive program of degrees and certificate programs and is located in Queensbury, New York between Saratoga Springs and Lake George. Although not in Warren county, another major education for the area is SUNY Plattsburgh, which is continuely adding bachelor and master-degree programs at the ACC campus, and is located in Plattsburgh.Cite web|author=SUNY Plattsburgh|title=Learn about SUNY Plattsburgh|year=|publisher=|accessdate=2008-02-07|url=http://www.plattsburgh.edu/about/]

Healthcare

The primary healthcare center in Warren County is the Glens Falls Hospital, which is located in Glens Falls. Providing 410 beds, its most common procedure is miscellaneous diagnostic and therapeutic procedures.Cite web|author=New York State Department of Health|title=Glens Falls Hospital|year=|publisher=|accessdate=2008-03-07|url=http://hospitals.nyhealth.gov/browse_view.php?id=148]

Transportation

Bus

Regular bus service from Queensbury to Glens Falls is provided by the Greater Glens Falls Transit System. These also include trolleys that run on the road. The trolleys go from Bolton Landing (four times a day) and usually turn around just north of Hearthstone Point Campground on Route 9N. [Cite web|author=PublicTransportation.org|title=Transit systems in New York|year=|publisher=|accessdate=2008-04-02|url=http://www.publictransportation.org/systems/state.asp?state=NY#A62]

Roads

There are several state and county maintained roads in Warren County, making up a total of convert|1246|mi|km of roadway. [cite web|author=NYSDOT|title=Warren County roadway mileage|year=2006|publisher=New York State Department of Transportation|accessdate=2008-04-02|url=https://www.nysdot.gov/portal/page/portal/divisions/engineering/technical-services/hds-respository/warren.pdf] The only U.S. Route is U.S. Route 9, which traverses the eastern portion of the county. The only interstate is Interstate 87, also known as the Adirondack Northway.

South of Lake George Village

Only New York State Route 9N traverses the Lake Luzerne region of Warren County. There are 2 state-maintained routes in Glens Falls, Route 9L, which terminates in the city. The second is New York State Route 32, which leaves Warren for Washington County, where it terminates at New York State Route 196. Also, on the east side of the city, there is County Route 79 (Boulevard), a former alignment of NY 32. There is New York State Route 149, a convert|32|mi|km long road that traverses Warren and nearby Washington Counties. There is also New York State Route 254, a convert|6|mi|km road in southern part of the town and enters Washington County as well. The third and final state maintained route is New York State Route 9L, which traverses down the central portion of the town. Several county routes traverse through Stony Creek. These include County Route 3, County Route 12, County Route 22, and County Route 76.

Lake George Village

There are several major routes in the town and village of Lake George. There is New York State Route 9N, which traverses north to south through the county. There is also County Routes 6 (Fort George Boulevard) and 59 (Bloody Pond Road). The latter is a continuation of New York State Route 9L and heads to terminate in Queensbury. In this town includes New York State Route 912Q, which is the Exit 22 connector/park & ride on the Northway.

North of Lake George Village

Although the region for Bolton and Bolton Landing is large, there is only one state-maintained route, Route 9N, and there is County Route 11 (Bolton-Riverbank Road), which is a connector to Exit 24 on the Northway. Only 2 county or higher maintained roads traverse the hamlet of Diamond Point, Route 9N and County Route 35 (Diamond Point Road), which connects 9N to the Northway (Exit 23) and U.S. Route 9 in Warrensburg. New York State Route 8 terminates at an intersection with New York State Route 9N in the center of Hague.cite web|author=NYSDOT|title=2006 Traffic report data|year=2006|publisher=New York State Department of Transportation|accessdate=2008-03-07|url=https://www.nysdot.gov/portal/page/portal/divisions/engineering/technical-services/hds-respository/06tdreport.pdf] There are several state-maintained and county-maintained roads in the Warrensburg area. These include the termini of both New York State Route 28 and New York State Route 418 at US 9. There are also a few county routes including County Route 4 in Athol and County Route 10 (Horicon Road) in Warrensburg. Route 10 continues eastward, terminating in Bolton Landing.Cite web|author=N. W. Perry|title=Warren County Routes|year=|publisher=Empire State Routes|accessdate=2008-03-07|url=http://www.empirestateroads.com/cr/crwarren.html]

Trains

Amtrak serves Glens Falls on its Adirondack daily route. [Cite web|author=PublicTransportation.org|title=Transit systems in New York|year=|publisher=|accessdate=2008-04-02|url=http://www.publictransportation.org/systems/state.asp?state=NY#A62]

Arts and culture

Warren County is home to several music centers, including the Luzerne Music Center, which is a summer camp focused on teaching music, in the foothills of the Adirondacks. In July, it holds an annual Chamber Music Festival which is open for public viewing.cite web|author=New York State Arts|title=Warren County Arts|year=|publisher|accessdate=2008-03-07|url=http://nystatearts.org/orgs/?county=Warren] The Upper Hudson Musical Arts is also a popular attraction, bringing concerts by professional chamber music ensembles and soloists to the Adirondacks throughout the year. Concerts are held at the Tannery Pond Community Center in North Creek. In addition, the Charles R. Wood Theater home to Adirondack Theatre Festival is a year-round professional theater production in Glens Falls.cite web|author=Visit Lake George|title=City of Glens Fall|year=|publisher=|accessdate=2008-03-07|url=http://www.visitlakegeorge.com/popDesc.cfm?db=links&id=52]

Points of interest

Lake George

Warren County is the primary area of tourism related to Lake George. Lake George is a convert|28160|acre|km2|sing=on lake located in the Adirondack Mountains. Popular activities on the lake inlcude river tubing, swimming, kayaking and boating.Cite web|author=Visit Lake George|title=Warren County|year=|publisher=|accessdate=2008-03-07|url=http://www.visitlakegeorge.com/about.cfm] There are several large points of interest in the Lake George region. These include Prospect Mountain just outside of town, Steel Pier along Beach Road which serves several tour boats.Cite web|author=Trip advisor|title=Prospect Mountain|year=|publisher=|accessdate=2008-02-07|url=http://www.tripadvisor.com/Attraction_Review-g48016-d116385-Reviews-Prospect_Mountain-Lake_George_New_York.html] The village is a popular tourist spot and is home to many stores and novelty shops. There is the Lake George Battleground on the edge of the village along County Route 6.cite web|author=Google Maps|title="Overview of Warren County Route 6"|year=2008|publisher= [Map] |accessdate=2008-03-07|url=http://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=from:+Fort%20George%20Rd%20@43.417991,%20-73.707033+to:+Fort%20George%20Rd%20@43.411383,%20-73.711101

To the north, there are several hotels and motels to serve tourists visiting the lake. There are several campgrounds around the region including Hearthstone Point on Route 9N and Lake George Battleground south of the village.cite web|author=Google Maps|title="Overview of Warren County Route 6"|year=2008|publisher= [Map] |accessdate=2008-03-07|url=http://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=from:+Fort%20George%20Rd%20@43.417991,%20-73.707033+to:+Fort%20George%20Rd%20@43.411383,%20-73.711101 There are also several campgrounds on islands on the lake. These include Long Island, which serves 88 campsites.Cite web|author=Lake George Vacations|title=Lake Geogre Camping|year=|publisher=|accessdate=2008-03-07|url=http://www.lakegeorge-vacations.com/lake_george_island_camping.htm] All island campgrounds and land-locked grounds are maintained by the New York Department of Environmental Conservation.

Historic sites

One of the primere historic sites in Warren County is the Fredella, Joseph J., House and Garage, which was constructed in 1900, and is significant for its architectural detail. It is on the list of National Register of Historic Places.cite web|author=NRHP|title=Historic sites in Warren County|year=|publisher=|accessdate=2008-03-07|url=http://www.nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com/NY/Warren/state.html] Another popular historic site is the Wreck of the 1758 radeau LAND TORTOISE, a shipwreck site which occurred in 1758 of European-American origin. Other historic sites include:
*Chapman Historical Museum
*Marcella Sembrich Opera Museum
*Edward Eggleston Estate
*First Presbyterian Church of Glens Falls
*Fredella Street Historic District (Glens Falls)
*Three Squares Historic District (Glens Falls)
*The Hyde Collection(Glens Falls)
*Warrensburg Mills Historic District
*Wiawaka Bateaux Site
*Wiawaka Holiday House

Municipalities

There is only one larger urban area, around Glens Falls/Queensbury. Important centre is also Lake George Village. Rest of the county is mostly rural, with some larger villages near the Northway, and smaller communities in other areas.

Under New York State law, there are three types of incorporated municipalities: cities, villages, and towns. The post office uses community names and boundaries that sometimes do not correspond to the towns (because towns include many communities, some recognized with zip code, some as CDPs), and usually have the same names as the municipalities for the cities and villages. The names used by the post office are generally used by residents to describe where they live. The following incorporated cities, villages and towns (with their communities) are located in Warren County:

* Town of Bolton
** Bolton Landing
* Town of Chester
** Chestertown
* Glens Falls (city)
* Town of Hague
* Town of Horicon
* Town of Johnsburg
** North Creek
* Town of Lake George
** Lake George (village)
* Town of Lake Luzerne
** Lake Luzerne-Hadley (CDP - part)
* Town of Queensbury
* Town of Stony Creek
* Town of Thurman
* Town of Warrensburg
** Warrensburg (CDP)

Official status is shown, some of communities are CDPs, which is not official status. Communities without status are unincorporated communities (hamlets). Both hamlets and CDPs are located within the towns.

ee also

* List of counties in New York

References

External links

* [http://www.co.warren.ny.us Warren County information]
*
* [http://www.rootsweb.com/~nywarren/index.htm Warren County, New York: Genealogy and History]
* [http://www.usgennet.org/usa/ny/state/his/bk6/ch4.html Early history of Warren County]


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