- Eastern Counties Railway
The Eastern Counties Railway (ECR) was an English railway company which began operating on
20 June 1839with a train service running from a temporary terminus at Mile Endto Romford. The line was extended the following year to a new London terminus at Shoreditch (later renamed Bishopsgate) and the line was subsequently extended to cover the 51 miles between London and Colchester.
The ECR tracks were originally set to a gauge of five feet but between September and October 1844 the gauge was converted to
standard gauge(4′8½″). At the same time the associated Northern & Eastern Railwaywas also converted.
In 1846, the ECR was linked to the
Eastern Union Railwayat Colchester and in 1862 the two companies amalgamated along with a number of other East Anglian railways to form the Great Eastern Railway.
The ECR is notable as the first company to utilise a two-wheel
pony truckin 1859, using the design of American inventor Levi Bissell.
* "The Railway Year Book", 1912
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