Earltown, Nova Scotia
European settlement commenced in 1813 as an extension of the Highland Scot settlementsin Western Pictou County. The two earliest settlers were Angus Sutherland and Donald MacIntosh, natives of Rogart, Sutherland, Scotland, who had previously settled in Pictou County. In the following years they were joined by approximately 100 families who immigrated directly from the Sutherland, Ross and Caithness, Scotland.
The earliest name for the settlement was New Portugal, some of the settlers having fought in the
Peninsular War. The name was subsequently changed to Earltown in honour of the Earl of Dalhousie. The name for the community can be traced to several Scotch settlers who came from the Earl of Sutherland's estate and located in northern Colchester County about 1816.
At its height in the late 1800s, the area boasted a population of 2,000 with most residents employed in farming and forestry.
The area currently has a population of approximately 250 residents.
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