Greene County, New York


Greene County, New York

Infobox U.S. County
county = Greene County
state = New York




map size = 250
founded = March 3, 1800
seat = Catskill | area_total_sq_mi =658
area_land_sq_mi =648
area_water_sq_mi =10
area percentage = 1.58%
census yr = 2000
pop = 48195
density_km2 =29
web =
|

Greene County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. Its name is in honor of the American Revolutionary War general, Nathanael Greene. Its county seat is Catskill.

History

On March 25, 1800, Greene County was created by the partitioning of Albany (360 Square Miles) and Ulster (270 Square Miles) Counties, producing a county of convert|620|sqmi|km2New York. "Laws of New York.", 1800, 23rd Session, Chapter 51; Page 493] .

On April 3, 1801, convert|90|sqmi|km2 of land was transferred from Delaware and Ulster Counties, raising the total area to convert|710|sqmi|km2. This transferred Prattsville, Vly Mountain, Halcott Center, Bushnellsville, Highmount, Shandaken, Lanesville, and Pine Hill within Greene CountyNew York. "Laws of New York.", 1801, 24th Session, Chapter 123, Page 290.] .

On May 26, 1812, Greene County lost convert|20|sqmi|km2 to Ulster County, lowering the total area to convert|690|sqmi|km2, reassigning Pine Hill, Highmount, and Shandaken to Ulster CountyNew York. "Laws of New York."1812, 35th Session, Chapter 46, Page 382.] .

On April 15, 1814, the county borders were re-surveyed, and the line adjusted with no change in areaNew York. "Laws of New York."1814, 37th Session, Chapter 211, Page 275.] .

On April 17, 1822, the border was again surveyed, with no change in area, but Palenville was found to be inside Greene CountyNew York. "Laws of New York."1822, 45th Session, Chapter 243, Page 257.] .

On April 23, 1823, the border was again resurveyed, and the Hudson River border with Columbia County realigned accordinglyNew York. "Laws of New York."1823, 46th Session, Chapter 251, Page 377.] .

On March 3, 1836, convert|30|sqmi|km2 of area was lost to Schoharie County, reducing the total area to convert|660|sqmi|km2, and reassigning Manorkill, producing the Greene County that exists today.New York. "Laws of New York."1836, 59th Session, Chapter 31, Page 33.] .

Geography

Greene County is located in southeast central New York State, just west of the Hudson River and south of Albany.

The northern and eastern regions are mostly low-lying plains adjacent to the Hudson; the southern and western areas rise sharply into the Catskill Mountains. The Catskill Park takes up much of the south central region.

The highest elevation is Hunter Mountain, at approximately 4,040 feet (1,232 m) above sea level; the lowest is sea level along the Hudson.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 658 square miles (1,705 km²), of which, 648 square miles (1,678 km²) of it is land and 10 square miles (27 km²) of it (1.58%) is water.

Greene County is part of the 20th Congressional District of New York in the U.S. House of Representatives and it is represented by Kirsten Gillibrand.

Adjacent counties

*Albany County, New York - north
*Rensselaer County, New York - northeast
*Columbia County, New York - east
*Ulster County, New York - southwest
*Delaware County, New York - west
*Schoharie County, New York - northwest

National protected area

* Thomas Cole National Historic Site

Demographics

USCensusPop
1800 = 12584
1810 = 19536
1820 = 22996
1830 = 29525
1840 = 30446
1850 = 33126
1860 = 31930
1870 = 31832
1880 = 32695
1890 = 31598
1900 = 31478
1910 = 30214
1920 = 25796
1930 = 25808
1940 = 27926
1950 = 28745
1960 = 31372
1970 = 33136
1980 = 40861
1990 = 44739
2000 = 48195
estyear = 2007 [ [http://www.census.gov/popest/counties/tables/CO-EST2007-01-36.xls Population Estimates as of July 1, 2007 by U.S. Census Bureau] ]
estimate = 49246
footnote = Source [ [http://www.empire.state.ny.us/nysdc/StateCountyPopests/CountyPopHistory.PDF New York State Department of Economic Development] ]
As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 48,195 people, 18,256 households, and 12,067 families residing in the county. The population density was 74 people per square mile (29/km²). There were 26,544 housing units at an average density of 41 per square mile (16/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 90.76% White, 5.53% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.54% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.52% from other races, and 1.36% from two or more races. 4.31% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.8% were of Irish, 17.8% Italian, 17.5% German, 8.6% American and 6.9% English ancestry according to Census 2000. 92.3% spoke English, 2.8% Spanish, 1.5% German and 1.3% Italian as their first language.

There were 18,256 households out of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.2% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.9% were non-families. 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.00% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 106.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.2 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,493, and the median income for a family was $43,854. Males had a median income of $35,598 versus $25,346 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,931. About 8.6% of families and 12.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.7% of those under age 18 and 10.4% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

*Ashland (town)
*Athens (town)
*Athens (village)
*Cairo (town)
*Catskill (village)
*Catskill (town)
*Coxsackie (village)
*Coxsackie (town)
*Durham (town)
*Greenville (town)
*Halcott (town)
*Hunter (town)
*Hunter (village)
*Jefferson Heights
*Jewett (town)
*Leeds
*Lexington (town)
*New Baltimore (town)
*Palenville
*Prattsville (town)
*Tannersville (village)
*Windham (town) : " => Labels in parentheses are official political designation".

North: Albany and Schoharie Counties
West: Delaware CountyGreene CountyEast: Columbia County
South: Ulster County

Notable residents

*John Adams, (1778-1854), born in Oak Hill, United States Congressmancite book | title = Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896 | publisher = Marquis Who's Who | location = Chicago | date = 1963]
*Levi Hill, claimed early inventor of color photography

ee also

References

External links

* [http://www.greenetourism.com/ Greene County, New York]
*
* [http://www.usgennet.org/usa/ny/state/his/bk3/ch10.html Early history of Greene County]


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