Fulton County, New York


Fulton County, New York

Infobox U.S. County
county = Fulton County
state = New York


map size = 250
founded = 1838
seat = Johnstown | area_total_sq_mi =533
area_land_sq_mi =496
area_water_sq_mi =37
area percentage = 6.89%
census yr = 2000
pop = 55073
density_km2 =43
web = www.fulcony.com/
|

Fulton County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2000 census, the population was 55,073. Its name is in honor of Robert Fulton, inventor of the first commercially-practical steamboat. Its county seat is Johnstown.

History

"For the history of Fulton County prior to 1838 see" Montgomery County, New York

In 1838, Fulton County was split off from Montgomery, shortly after the Montgomery county seat was moved to Fonda, New York. The creation of Fulton County was engineered by Johnstown lawyer Daniel Cady, whose wife was a cousin of Robert Fulton [ [http://www.newenglandancestors.org/education/articles/research/special_guests/gary_boyd_roberts/69_659_469.asp New England Historic Genealogical Society ] ] .

Fulton County was created on 1838-04-18 by a partition of Montgomery County, resulting in a county with an area of 550 square milesNew York. "Laws of New York.": 1838, 61st Session, Chapter 332, Section 1, Page 328.] .

One adjustment has been made to the area of Fulton County. On 1860-04-06, 10 Square Miles on the northern border was transferred to Hamilton in the vicinity of Sacandaga ParkNew York. "Laws of New York.": 1860, 83rd Session, Chapter 178; Page 298.] . This resulted in the Fulton County that exists today.

In the mid-1700s, Sir William Johnson, founder of Fort Johnson in Montgomery County and of Johnstown, arrived in the area that would become Fulton County. Sir William Johnson, 1st Baronet, was an Irish pioneer and army officer in colonial New York, and the British Superintendent of Indian Affairs from 1755 to 1774. His homes, Fort Johnson and Johnson Hall are current New York State Historic Sites.

Fulton County was also home to Elizabeth Cady Stanton who, with Susan B. Anthony pioneered women's rights in America.

Shortly after the American Revolutionary War, the manufacture of gloves and leather became the primary industry of the area. At one point, Johnstown and Gloversville became known as the Glove and Leather capital of the world. The largest rise in population and growth came as a result of the fruits of these businesses.

Many residents of Fulton County can trace their ancestry back to the glove and leather trades. Today few glovers, tanners and leather dressers still exist in the area, although some companies have adapted to the changes in the market and kept themselves competitive.

The demise of the "Glove Cities" can be attributed to several factors, including tax and tariff issues, as well as environmental concerns. The area is now considered a model for many upstate New York communities because of forward thinking individuals such as those involved with the Fulton County Economic Development Corporation, in that they didn’t allow the loss of the glove and leather industry to depress the area. Now, many worldwide corporations invest capital in the local modern industrial parks, making Fulton County a competitive employer and a place that can attract commerce. As of 2008 Many Businesses have left Fulton County, causing higher unemployment and a greater migration of people away from the area. Fulton County is also one of the largest users of Social Services in New York State.

Geography

Fulton County is in the central part of the state, northwest of Albany.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 533 square miles (1,380 km²), of which, 496 square miles (1,285 km²) of it is land and 37 square miles (95 km²) of it (6.89%) is water.

Adjacent counties

*Hamilton County, New York - north
*Saratoga County, New York - east
*Montgomery County, New York - south
*Herkimer County, New York - west

Demographics

USCensusPop
1840 = 18049
1850 = 20171
1860 = 24162
1870 = 27064
1880 = 30985
1890 = 37650
1900 = 42842
1910 = 44534
1920 = 44927
1930 = 46560
1940 = 48597
1950 = 51021
1960 = 51304
1970 = 52637
1980 = 55153
1990 = 54191
2000 = 55073
estyear = 2007 [ [http://www.census.gov/popest/counties/tables/CO-EST2007-01-36.xls Population Estimates as of July 1, 2007 by U.S. Census Bureau] ]
estimate = 55114
footnote = Source [ [http://www.empire.state.ny.us/nysdc/StateCountyPopests/CountyPopHistory.PDF New York State Department of Economic Development] ]
As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 55,073 people, 21,884 households, and 14,509 families residing in the county. The population density was 111 people per square mile (43/km²). There were 27,787 housing units at an average density of 56 per square mile (22/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.99% White, 1.80% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.56% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. 1.61% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 17.2% were of Italian, 16.4% German, 13.2% Irish, 10.0% English, 8.3% American, 5.8% French and 5.7% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.1% spoke English and 1.6% Spanish as their first language.

There were 21,884 households out of which 30.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.00% were married couples living together, 11.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.70% were non-families. 27.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.90% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 28.10% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, and 16.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 97.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,663, and the median income for a family was $39,801. Males had a median income of $29,538 versus $22,173 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,844. About 9.20% of families and 12.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.50% of those under age 18 and 7.50% of those age 65 or over.

Cities, towns, and villages

*Bleecker (town)
*Broadalbin (town)
*Broadalbin (village)
*Caroga (town)
*Dolgeville (village)
*Ephratah (town)
*Gloversville (city)
*Johnstown (town)
*Johnstown (city)
*Mayfield (town)
*Mayfield (village)
*Northampton (town)
*Northville (village)
*Oppenheim (town)
*Perth (town)
*Stratford (town) : "=> Label in parentheses is official political designation".

ee also

* Fulton County Sheriff's Department

External links

* [http://www.fultoncountyny.org/ Fulton County Chamber of Commerce]
*
* [http://www.usgennet.org/usa/ny/state/his/bk9/ch12.html Early history of Fulton County]

References


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