Saint-Lambert, Quebec


Saint-Lambert, Quebec

Infobox City
name = Saint-Lambert, Quebec
settlement_type=City
official_name = Ville de Saint-Lambert
nickname =
motto = "Maximus in Minimus"
(Latin for "To seek greatness even in the smallest details")







mapsize =
map_caption =
image_dot_

dot_mapsize =250px
dot_map_caption =Location of Saint-Lambert
dot_x =113 |dot_y =270
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Province
subdivision_type2 = Region
subdivision_type3 = RCM or TE
subdivision_type4 = Electoral district
subdivision_name = CAN
subdivision_name1 = QC
subdivision_name2 = Montérégie (16)
subdivision_name3 = Urban agglomeration of Longueuil (TE 58)
subdivision_name4 = Federal: Saint-Lambert (electoral district)
MP: Vacant
Provincial: Laporte (electoral district)
MNA: Nicole Ménard
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Sean Finn
leader_title1 =
leader_name1 =
leader_title2 =
leader_name2 =
established_title = Founded
established_date = 1857
established_title2 =
established_date2 =
area_footnotes =
area_magnitude = 1 E8
area_total_km2 = 7.55
area_total_sq_mi =
area_land_km2 =
area_land_sq_mi =
area_water_km2 =
area_water_sq_mi =
area_water_percent =
area_urban_km2 =
area_urban_sq_mi =
area_metro_km2 =
area_metro_sq_mi =
population_as_of = 2006 Census [http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/profiles/community/Details/Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=2458012&Geo2=PR&Code2=24&Data=Count&SearchText=Saint-Lambert&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom= Statistics Canada - Saint-Lambert 2006 Community Profile] .]
population_footnotes =
population_note =
population_total = 21599
population_density_km2 = 2859.3
population_density_sq_mi =
population_metro =
population_density_metro_km2 =
population_density_metro_sq_mi =
population_urban =
timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = −5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = −4
latd=45 |latm=30 |lats=06 |latNS=N
longd=73 |longm=30 |longs=11 |longEW=W
elevation_m =
elevation_ft =
postal_code_type = Postal code span
postal_code = J4P to J4R
area_code = 450
website = [http://www.ville.saint-lambert.qc.ca/ ville.saint-lambert.qc.ca]
footnotes =

Saint-Lambert is a Canadian city on the south shore of the St. Lawrence River, across from Montreal. From January 1, 2002, to January 1, 2006, it was amalgamated into the city of Longueuil.

History

Saint-Lambert was established in the 17th century when André Marsil and André Achim became the first residents. (Today André Marsil's house on present-day Riverside Drive has been converted into a textile museum called the "Marsil Museum".) It was named for the hunter Lambert Raphaël Closse. Along with the railroad in 1850 and the Victoria Bridge linking the south shore to the island of Montreal, came a quick growth in Saint-Lambert's population and housing development.

During World War I and World War II, Saint-Lambert had one of the highest military enlistment rates in Canada. The small city lost a total of 132 soldiers in both wars. [ [http://www.canada.com/montrealgazette/news/story.html?id=5427793f-e76e-4ccd-868f-59b2fe9162e9&k=52453 Montreal Gazette Article] ] This number was a significant portion of the young people at the time.

In the 1950s, the development of Saint-Lambert was enhanced with the building of the St. Lambert Locks in the St. Lawrence Seaway, to bypass the smaller Lachine Canal, and this became the most easterly lock in the Seaway. Suburban growth from Montreal in this period also affected Saint-Lambert, as well as many of the older communities on the "South Shore". The Saint-Lambert development is also a result of the merger between Saint-Lambert and Préville in 1969.

According to Statistics Canada, Saint-Lambert has grown from its first two residents to a population of 21,599 in 2006.

Amalgamation and de-amalgamation

On January 1, 2002, municipal reorganization merged Saint-Lambert with LeMoyne to form a borough in the new Longueuil mega-city. There was a strong "de-merger" movement and a referendum was won on June 20, 2004, to re-establish the former city. The city was officially "re-born" on January 1, 2006, while on January 7, 2006, the Saint-Lambert flag was hoisted in front of city hall and the mayor, councillors and city manager took their oath of office.

Geography

St-Lambert is underlain by Ordovician-era black shale. This bedrock is covered by deep clay drift over most of the town. Soils were poorly drained in their natural state; as such, they would have been classified as gleysols. Drainage and excavation have been used to adapt the soil for housing construction.

The most common trees in St-Lambert are those species which tolerate poor drainage. These include poplars, willows, red maple, silver maple and green ash. The American elm was formerly abundant but its population has been severely reduced by Dutch elm disease. Non-native species are commonly represented by Norway maple, silver birch, English oak, blue spruce, common horsechestnut and honey locust. Rare exotics which benefit from St-Lambert's favorable microclimate include Japanese maple and tulip tree. Most trees in St-Lambert show some evidence of damage from an ice storm in January 1998 and a severe thunderstorm in June 2008.

Climate

The climate of St-Lambert is characterized by abundant precipitation and one of the longest, warmest growing seasons in Quebec. As in other parts of Greater Montreal, lengthy spells of hot humid weather are common in summer. Thunderstorms are frequent and occasionally cause widespread damage. Heavy snow is usual in winter and several damaging ice storms have occurred over the town's history.

Government

The current mayor of the City of Saint-Lambert is Sean Finn. There are eight councillors.
#Gilles Therrien (District 1)
#Jill Lacoursière (District 2)
#Bruno Burrogano (District 3)
#Philippe Brunet (District 4)
#Claude Trudeau (District 5)
#Francis Dumais (District 6)
#Alain Dépatie (District 7)
#Martin Croteau (District 8)

Demographics

General

According to the Canada 2006 Census:
*Population: 21,599
*% Change (2001-2006): 2.6
*Dwellings: 10,572
*Area (km²): 7.55
*Density (persons per km²): 2,859.3

Mother Tongue Languages

Roads and Infrastructure

Saint-Lambert is served by the most important autoroute in Quebec province: Autoroute 20 . Saint-Lambert is also served by one of the most important provincial highway: Route 132. The Route 112 is also serving Saint-Lambert.

Important Streets
* Victoria Avenue
* Green Street
* Desaulniers Boulevard
* Riverside Drive
* Notre-Dame Street
* Sir-Wilfrid-Laurier Boulevard
* Simard Boulevard
* Tiffin Road

Bridges

In Saint-Lambert, two bridges link with Montreal (one to the Old Port and the other one, a bridge meant for bicycles, that connects to Île Notre-Dame). The Victoria Bridge links Saint-Lambert to Montreal Island. The Jacques Cartier Bridge in Longueuil is half a kilometre from Saint-Lambert and the Champlain Bridge in Brossard is a kilometre away from Saint-Lambert.

Notable natives and residents

* Luc Angers, politician
* Arlette Cousture, writer
* Régine Chassagne, Arcade Fire
* Pierre-Claude Drouin, ice hockey player
* Gabriel Fontaine, politician
* Sean Finn, mayor
* Steve Kasper, retired ice hockey player [ [http://www.hockeydraftcentral.com/1980/80081.html 1980 NHL Entry Draft -- Steve Kasper] ]
* Emilie Heymans, diver
* Anne Marie La Traverse, executive producer
* Pierre Laporte, politician
* Don MacIver, retired ice hockey player, doctor and anesthesiologist
* Steve MacLean, astronaut [ [http://www.space.gc.ca/asc/eng/missions/sts-115/official.asp CSA - Official Flying Kit] ]
* Harold William Hounsfield Riley, politician
* Todd Swift, poet
* Yolande Thibeault, politician
* Nanette Workman, singer-songwriter and actress

Partner cities

* Vernon, British Columbia, Canada [ [http://www.vernon.ca/council/faq.html City of Vernon, British Columbia] ]
* Marblehead, Massachusetts, United States [ [http://www.marbleheadyouthhockey.com/league/page.aspx?PageID=68 Marblehead, Massachusetts Youth Hockey Program] ]

Geographic location

Geographic Location (8-way)
Northwest =
North = Longueuil
Northeast =
West = "Saint Lawrence River" / Montreal
Centre = St. Lambert
East = LeMoyne (Longueuil)
Southwest =
South = Brossard
Southeast = Greenfield Park (Longueuil)

ee also

* Municipal reorganization in Quebec
* Urban agglomeration of Longueuil

References

External links

* [http://www.ville.saint-lambert.qc.ca/asp/siteweb/Accueil_Saint_Lambert.asp City of Saint-Lambert]
* [http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~macfie/rememberstlambert.html Remember St. Lambert]
* [http://www.stemnet.nf.ca/monuments/pq/lambert.htm List of Saint-Lambert soldiers killed in both World Wars]


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