Castellina in Chianti

Infobox CityIT
img_coa = Castellina in Chianti-Stemma.png official_name =Comune di Castellina in Chianti
name = Castellina in Chianti
region = Tuscany
province = Siena (SI)
elevation_m = 578
area_total_km2 = 99.4
population_as_of = Dec. 2004All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.]
population_total = 2820
population_density_km2 = 28
timezone = CET, UTC+1
coordinates = coord|43|28|09|N|11|17|19|E|type:city(2,820)_region:IT
frazioni = Fonterutoli, Lilliano, Piazza, Rencine, San Leonino, San Quirico, Sant'Agnese
telephone = 0577
postalcode = 53011
gentilic = Castellinesi
saint = San Fausto
day = september 18
mayor = Anna Maria Betti
website = [http://www.comune.castellina.si.it www.comune.castellina.si.it]
mapy = 11.2833
mapx = 43.4667

Castellina in Chianti is a "comune" (municipality) of c. 2,800 inhabitants in the province of Siena, in the Italian region Tuscany, located about 35 km south of Florence and about 15 km northwest of Siena. It is part of the Chianti Hills, between the valleys of the Arbia, Pesa and Elsa rivers.The territory of Castellina in Chianti borders the following municipalities: Barberino Val d'Elsa, Castelnuovo Berardenga, Greve in Chianti, Monteriggioni, Poggibonsi, Radda in Chianti, Tavarnelle Val di Pesa.

History

The first settlements in the area dates from the Etruscan age, and they were probably devastated by Gaulish invasions at the time of the latter's invasions against Rome.

In the early Middle Ages the town was known as Salingolpe; in the 11th century Matilda of Tuscany gave it as fief to the counts Guidi and, subsequently, to the Trebbio. In the early 15th century it became a strong fortress, of which today the "Rocca" remain.

Main sights

*The massive "Rocca" (castle), with a huge 14th century tower. It houses a small Etruscan museum.
*"Palazzo Ugolini-Squarcialupi".
*"Palazzo Bianciardi".
*The "Via delle Volte" underground tunnel.
*Montecalvario Mound, outside the town. It consists of four 7th-6th century BC tombs.
*Poggino necropolis, also in the neighbourhood.

Demographic evolution

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References


External links

* [http://gardkarlsen.com/tuscany_italy_travelogue.htm Trip report with pictures and links from a stay outside Castellina in Chianti in July 2007]
* [http://www.castellina.com Castellina in Chianti]


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