Tisza


Tisza

:"Tisa" redirects here. For other uses, see Tisa (disambiguation) and Tisza (disambiguation)."Geobox River
name =Tisza River
native_name =
other_name = _ro. Tisa
_ry. Тиса
_uk. Тиса
_sk. Tisa
_sr. Тиса/Tisa
other_name1 =



image_size = 300
image_caption = The Tisza in Szeged, Hungary
country_type = Countries
state_type =
region_type =
district_type = Counties
city_type = Villages
country = Ukraine, Romania, Hungary, Slovakia, Serbia
country1 =
state =
state1 =
region =
region1 =
district =
district1 =
city =
city1 =
length = 1358
watershed = 157183
discharge_location =
discharge =
discharge_max =
discharge_min =
discharge1_location =
discharge1 =
source_name =
source_location = Eastern Carpathians
source_district =
source_region =
source_state =
source_country = Ukraine
source_lat_d =
source_lat_m =
source_lat_s =
source_lat_NS =
source_long_d =
source_long_m =
source_long_s =
source_long_EW =
source_elevation = 2020
source_length =
mouth_name = Danube
mouth_location = Downstream of Novi Sad
mouth_district =
mouth_region =
mouth_state =
mouth_country = Serbia
mouth_lat_d =
mouth_lat_m =
mouth_lat_s =
mouth_lat_NS =
mouth_long_d =
mouth_long_m =
mouth_long_s =
mouth_long_EW =
mouth_elevation =
tributary_left =
tributary_left1 =
tributary_right =
tributary_right1 =
free =
free_type = Official River Code



map_size = 300
map_caption =Map of the Tisza and southern part of the Danube
The Tisza is one of the major rivers of Central Europe. It originates in Ukraine, with the White Tisza in the Chornohora and Black Tisza in the Gorgany range, flows partially along the Romanian border, enters Hungary at Tiszabecs, passes through Hungary, and falls into the Danube in central Vojvodina in Serbia. It forms the boundary between the regions of Bačka and Banat. The Tisza drains an area of about 157,186 km². Attila the Hun is said to have been buried under a diverted section of the river Tisza.

Names for the river in the countries it flows through are:
* _ro. Tisa;
* _uk. Тиса ("Tysa");
* _sk. Tisa;
* _hu. Tisza (pronounced|'tisɒ);
* _sr. Тиса ("Tisa").

The river was known as the "Tisia" in antiquity, and Latin names for it included "Tissus", "Tisia", "Pathissus" (Pliny, "Naturalis historia", 4.25). In Croatian language, it is called "Tisa" (Tisa flows through areas with Croat minority in autonomic province Vojvodina in northern Serbia). It may be referred to as the "Theiss" ( _de. Theiß) in older English references, after the German name for that river.

Regulation of the Tisza

The length of the Tisza in Hungary used to be 1419 km. It flowed through the Great Hungarian Plain, which is one of the largest flat areas in central Europe. Since plains can cause a river to flow very slowly, the Tisza used to follow a path with many curves and turns, which led to many large floods in the area.

After several small-scale attempts, István Széchenyi organised the "control of the Tisza" ( _hu. a Tisza szabályozása) which started on August 27, 1846 and substantially ended in 1880. The new length of the river in Hungary was 966 km, with 589 km of "dead channels" and 136 km of new riverbed.

The resultant length of the flood-protected river comprises 2,940 km (out of 4,220 km of all Hungarian protected rivers) which forms one of the largest flood protection systems in Europe; larger than the Netherlands' 1,500 km, the Po River's 1,400 km, or the Loire Valley's 480 km.

"Lake Tisza"

In the 1970s the building of the Kisköre Reservoir started with the purpose of helping to control floods as well as storing water for drought seasons. It turned out, however, that the resulting Lake Tisza became one of the most popular tourist destinations in Hungary, since it had similar features to Lake Balaton at drastically cheaper prices and it was not crowded.

Navigation

The Tisza is navigable over much of its course. The river opened up for international navigation only recently; before, Hungary distinguished "national rivers" and "international rivers", indicating whether non-Hungarian vessels were allowed or not. After Hungary joined the European Union, this distinction was lifted and vessels were allowed on the Tisza.

Conditions of navigation differ with the circumstances: when the river is in flood, it is often unnavigable, just as it is at times of extreme drought. (Source: [http://www.noordersoft.com/indexen.html NoorderSoft Waterway Database)]

Tributaries and sub-tributaries

*Čik (near Bačko Petrovo Selo)
*Jegrička (near Žabalj)
*Begej (near Titel)
*Maros (in Szeged)
**Arieş (near Gura Arieşului)
**Târnava (near Teiuş)
***Târnava Mare (in Blaj)
***Târnava Mică (in Blaj)
*Körös (near Csongrád)
**Sebes-Körös (near Gyoma)
***Berettyó (in Szeghalom)
**Fehér-Körös (near Gyula)
**Fekete-Körös (near Gyula)
*Zagyva (in Szolnok)
*Sajó (in Tiszaújváros)
**Hernád (near Miskolc)
*Bodrog (in Tokaj)
**Ondava (near Cejkov)
**Latorca (near Cejkov)
***Laborec (near Oborin)
****Úzs (near Pavlovce nad Uhom)
****Cirocha (in Humenné)
***Stara
***Vicha
***Kerepets
*Kraszna (in Vásárosnamény)
*Szamos (near Vásárosnamény)
**Someşul Mic (in Dej)
***Someşul Cald (in Gilău)
***Someşul Rece (in Gilău)
**Someşul Mare (in Dej)
***Şieu (in Beclean)
****Bistriţa (near Bistriţa)
*Túr
*Batár
*Şugătag
*Baia
*Şaroş
*Săpânţa
*Valea Hotarului
*Bicu
*Sarasău
*Valea Iepei
*Iza
**Mara
*Visó

References

* Administraţia Naţională Apelor Române - Cadastrul Apelor - Bucureşti
* Institutul de Meteorologie şi Hidrologie - Rîurile României - Bucureşti 1971

External links

* [http://www.backabanat.com About Tisza]
* [http://www.historia.hu/archivum/2001/0102suli.htm The Living Tisza (Hungarian)]
* River Basin Report: Tisza River [http://www.ywat.org/knowledgebase/riverbasins/eu-tisza.html]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tisza — bezeichnet: die Theiß, Nebenfluss der Donau, auf ungarisch Tisza ist der Familienname folgender Personen: István Tisza (1861–1918), ungarischer Ministerpräsident Kálmán Tisza (1830–1902), ungarischer Ministerpräsident Lajos Tisza (1832–1898),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • TISZA — Rivière de plaine caractéristique, la Tisza est le principal cours d’eau de l’Alföld. Elle prend sa source dans les Carpates orientales, en Ukraine, mais débouche rapidement dans la Grande Plaine hongroise où, sa pente étant très faible, elle… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Tisza — Tisza, 1) so v.w. Theiß. Tiszahat, so v.w. Theißrücken, s.u. Theiß; 2) Tisza Füred, so v.w. Füred 2); 3) Tisza Nana, s. Nana 5); 4) Tisza Szent Miklos, so v.w. Miklos 15) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Tisza — Tisza, Istvan (Tisa) ► Río de Europa central, afluente izquierdo del Danubio. Nace en los Cárpatos septentrionales (Ucrania), atraviesa Hungría, y se une al Danubio al N de Belgrado; 976 km. * * * (as used in expressions) Tisza, István, conde… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Tisza [2] — Tisza (spr. tíßa), 1) Koloman T. von Borosjenö, ungar. Staatsmann, geb. 16. Dez. 1830 zu Geszt im Biharer Komitat aus einer reichbegüterten adligen calvinistischen Familie, gest. 23. März 1902, studierte die Rechte und trat 1848 ins… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tisza [1] — Tisza (spr. tíßa), magyar. Name der Theiß (s. d.) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tisza — (ungar., spr. tissa; lat. Tissus), s. Theiß …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tisza [2] — Tisza (spr. tissa), Koloman von, ungar. Staatsmann, geb. 16. Dez. 1830 zu Geszt (Komitat Bihar), seit 1861 Führer des linken Zentrums im Abgeordnetenhause, 1875 90 ungar. Ministerpräsident und Minister des Innern, führte den wirtschaftlichen… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tisza — [tē′sətē′sə, tē′sä] river in E Europe, flowing from W Ukraine southwest through Hungary & Serbia and Montenegro into the Danube: c. 800 mi (1,287 km): Romanian name Tisa [tē′sə] …   English World dictionary

  • Tisza — Río Tisza (Tisza Tisa Тиса Theiß) El río Tisza a su paso por Szeged (HUN) País que atraviesa …   Wikipedia Español

  • Tisza — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Tisza (homonymie). Tisza La Tisza à Szolnok …   Wikipédia en Français


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