Church of Alexandria
The Church of Alexandria in Egypt is the particular church headed by the Patriarch of Alexandria. It is one of the original four Apostolic Sees of Christianity, with Rome, Antioch and Jerusalem (Constantinople was added later as the fifth).
The Church of Alexandria was founded by the Evangelist Saint Mark the Apostle in approximately 42 AD and claims jurisdiction over the Christians in all the African continent. In other words, all the Christian churches in Africa are considered daughter churches of the Church of Alexandria.
Today, three churches claim to be the direct heirs of the original Church of Alexandria:
- The Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria, an Oriental Orthodox church
- The Eastern Orthodox Church of Alexandria, also known as the Greek Orthodox Church of Alexandria, a Byzantine Orthodox Church
- The Coptic Catholic Church, an Eastern Catholic church in full communion with the Roman Catholic Church
The Pentarchy Patriarch of Rome
Patriarch of Alexandria
Patriarch of Antioch
Patriarch of Jerusalem
Patriarch of Constantinople
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