A private carrier provides transportation or delivery of goods or services for a single entity, often a corporation; usually that entity's primary business is not transportation but rather something else. For example, the
Wegmansgrocery store chain owns and operates their own private fleet to deliver produce and goods to their stores; Wegmans' primary business is not transportation but grocery retail; therefore the Wegmans fleet is a private carrier. Other corporations with private fleets include Bridgestone Firestone, Toyota, Ace Hardware, and Archer Daniels Midland. For more information about private fleets, visit the national association representing private motor truck fleets founded in 1939, the National Private Truck Council (see link below).
A private carrier is distinguished from a
common carrierwhose primary business is the transport of goods, and which is in business to serve any customers that hire them, such as buses, railroads, trucking companies, airlines and taxis. Private carriers may refuse to sell their services at their own discretion, whereas common carriers must treat all customers equally. Yellow Transportationand FedExare examples of common motor carriers.
It is also distinguished from an independent carrier which is an individual owner-operator or trucker who may make deals with private carriers, common carriers, contract carriers, or others as he or she wishes.
Although establishing and operating a private fleet is a substantial expense, it is warranted when customer service is paramount. Common carriers require shipment from fixed points while private carriers can set up any pickup or drop-off points desired. Some corporations mix both systems, using common carriers where possible and supplementing with private carriage (called a blended operation).
Private carriage usually refers to trucking, but is also found in rail and water transportation. Private rail carriers include the
Black Mesa and Lake Powell Railroadin Arizona.
Beyond physical transportation, private carrier may also refer to communication or communication services. Certain frequencies which are restricted to use by law enforcement are sometimes called "private carriers" -- station class codes beginning with FB6 or FB7 are private carriers. In the
telecommunicationsindustry, defining "private carrier" and "common carrier" has become increasingly difficult with the growth of mobile phoneservice providers, VOIP, and other non-traditional means of delivering communication services.
* [http://www.nptc.org National Private Truck Council (business association representing private motor truck fleets)]
* [http://www.truckline.com/NR/rdonlyres/0EA9836D-64EE-4BD4-A023-8DD28D03C036/0/06PrivateCarrier.pdf American Trucking Association private carrier application] (pdf format, requires Adobe Acrobat Reader]
* [http://www.fullfleet.com/articles/Private-Carrier-Companies-1.htm Articles and press releases for top private carrier companies in the United States]
* [http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m3457/is_n15_v11/ai_13657504 Blurring of lines between private carriers and common carriers] (communication)
* [http://www.allbusiness.com/periodicals/article/506874-1.html Designing a private fleet]
* [http://wiki.radioreference.com/index.php/FCC_Station_Class_Codes FCC station class codes]
* [http://www.mitrucking.org/memberappPC.htm Sample state trucking association private carrier membership application]
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Look at other dictionaries:
private carrier — a carrier who operates under a particular contract in each case and who may choose whether to accept or reject any request to carry. In the absence of a special term in the contract, a private carrier probably has no lien over the goods of a… … Law dictionary
private carrier — ➔ carrier * * * private carrier UK US noun [C] ► TRANSPORT a company that uses its vehicles or aircraft to transport only its own goods, and not the goods of other companies → Compare COMMON CARRIER(Cf. ↑common carrier) … Financial and business terms
private carrier — noun : a carrier of passengers or goods who does not hold himself out for public employment so as to be legally a common carrier … Useful english dictionary
private carrier — See carrier … Big dictionary of business and management
private carrier — One who transports only for those with whom he sees fit to contract. Ace High Dresses v J. C. Trucking Co. 122 Conn 578, 191 A 536, 112 ALR 86. One who, without making it a vocation, or holding himself out to the public as ready to act for all… … Ballentine's law dictionary
private carrier by motor vehicle — A carrier who is neither a common carrier or a contract carrier by motor vehicle but which transports property of which it is the owner, lessee, or bailee for the purpose of sale, rent, or bailment, or in furtherance of a commercial enterprise.… … Ballentine's law dictionary
carrier — car·ri·er n 1: an individual or entity engaged in transporting passengers or goods for hire by land, water, or air; specif: common carrier 2: an insurer that assumes the risks of a policy that it issues to a policyholder Merriam Webster’s… … Law dictionary
carrier — car‧ri‧er [ˈkæriə ǁ ər] noun [countable] TRANSPORT ORGANIZATIONS a person or company whose job is to transport goods from one place to another: • national carriers like Pickfords, with their own warehouses and regular clientele • the American… … Financial and business terms
private — pri·vate adj 1 a: intended for or restricted to the use of a particular person or group or class of persons: not available to the public a private park b: not related to, controlled by, or deriving from the state a private school 2 a: owned by or … Law dictionary
carrier — Individual or organization engaged in transporting passengers or goods for hire. Carrier means any person engaged in the transportation of passengers or property by land, as a common, contract, or private carrier, or freight forwarder as those… … Black's law dictionary