Arthur Oncken Lovejoy
Arthur Oncken Lovejoy (
October 10, 1873, Berlin– December 30, 1962, Baltimore) was an influential American philosopher and intellectual historian, who founded the field known as the history of ideas.
Lovejoy was born in
Berlin, Germanywhile his father was doing medical research there. Eighteen months later, his mother committed suicide, whereupon his father gave up medicine and became a clergyman. Lovejoy studied philosophy, first at the University of California, then at Harvardunder William Jamesand Josiah Royce. In 1901, he resigned from his first job, at Stanford University, to protest the dismissal of a colleague who had offended a trustee. The President of Harvard then vetoed hiring Lovejoy on the grounds that he was a known troublemaker. Over the subsequent decade, he taught at Washington University, Columbia University, and the University of Missouri. He never married.
As a professor of philosophy at
Johns Hopkins Universityfrom 1910 to 1938, Lovejoy founded and long presided over that university's History of Ideas Club, where many prominent and budding intellectual and social historians, as well as literary critics, gathered. In 1940, he founded the "Journal of the History of Ideas". Lovejoy insisted that the history of ideas should focus on "unit ideas," single concepts (often with a one-word name), and study how unit ideas combine and recombine with each other over time.
In the domain of epistemology, Lovejoy is remembered for an influential critique of the pragmatic movement, especially in the essay
Lovejoy was active in the public arena. He helped found the
American Association of University Professorsand the Marylandchapter of the American Civil Liberties Union. However, he qualified his belief in civil libertiesto exclude overriding threats to a free system. At the height of the McCarthy Era(in the February 14, 1952edition of the "Journal of Philosophy") Lovejoy stated that, since it was a "matter of empirical fact" that membership in the Communist Partycontributed "to the triumph of a world-wide organization" which was opposed to "freedom of inquiry, of opinion and of teaching," membership in the party constituted grounds for dismissal from academic positions. He also published numerous opinion pieces in the Baltimore press.
*"Primitivism and Related Ideas in Antiquity" (1935). (with George Boas). Johns Hopkins U. Press. 1997 edition: ISBN 0-8018-5611-6
Great Chain of Being: A Study of the History of an Idea" (1936). Harvard University Press. Reprinted by Harper & Row, ISBN 0-674-36150-4, 2005 paperback: ISBN 0-674-36153-9. His most cited work, based on his 1933 William James Lectures at Harvard.
*"Essays in the History of Ideas" (1948). Johns Hopkins U. Press. 1978 edition: ISBN 0-313-20504-3
*"The Revolt Against Dualism" (1960). Open Court Publishing. ISBN 0-87548-107-8. This is largely a critique of the new realism of his day.
*"Reflections on Human Nature" (1961). Johns Hopkins U. Press. ISBN 0-8018-0395-0
* [http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/cgi-local/DHI/dhi.cgi?id=dv1-45 "Dictionary of the History of Ideas" article] on the Great Chain of Being.
* [http://www.library.jhu.edu/collections/specialcollections/manuscripts/msregisters/ms038.html Lovejoy Papers at Johns Hopkins University.] Includes a short biography.
* [http://www.harvardsquarelibrary.org/unitarians/lovejoy.html "Tussling with the Idea Man"] by Dale Keiger. Fascinating human portrait.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Arthur O. Lovejoy — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Arthur Oncken Lovejoy (10 de octubre de 1873, Berlín 30 de diciembre de 1962, Baltimore) fue un filósofo e historiador intelectual estadounidense muy influyente, fundador del campo conocido con el nombre de historia… … Wikipedia Español
Arthur O. Lovejoy — Arthur Oncken Lovejoy (* 10. Oktober 1873 in Berlin ; † 30. Dezember 1962 in Baltimore, Maryland) war ein einflussreicher Historiker und Literaturwissenschaftler. Lovejoy gilt als der Begründer der Ideengeschichte. Als Geschichtsprofessor an … Deutsch Wikipedia
LOVEJOY, Arthur Oncken — (1873 1962) American philosopher and historian of ideas who argued in favor of DUALISM. His major works are Revolt Against Dualism (1930) and The Great Chain of Being (1936) … Concise dictionary of Religion
Lovejoy (disambiguation) — Lovejoy is a British television series starring Ian McShane.Lovejoy may also refer to: *Lovejoy, Georgia *Brooklyn, Illinois, popularly known as Lovejoy *Comet Lovejoy, a newly found cometPeople with the surname Lovejoy* Arthur Oncken Lovejoy,… … Wikipedia
Oncken — is a surname and may refer to: Arthur Oncken Lovejoy, a German born American philosopher August Oncken (1844 1911), a German economist (German article) Hermann Oncken (1867 1945), a German historian Johann Gerhard Oncken (1800 1884), a pioneer… … Wikipedia
Lovejoy (name) — Lovejoy is a surname.People named Lovejoy*Arthur Oncken Lovejoy, professor at Johns Hopkins University *Asa Lovejoy, founder of Portland, Oregon *Battle of Lovejoy s Station of the American Civil War *Elijah P. Lovejoy, journalist and… … Wikipedia
Arthur Lovejoy — Arthur Oncken Lovejoy (10 octobre 1873 ; 30 décembre 1962) est un philosophe américain et un des fondateurs d un domaine transversal en histoire appelé histoire des idées. Il a enseigné la philosophie à l université Johns Hopkins à Baltimore … Wikipédia en Français
Lovejoy, Arthur O. — ▪ American philosopher in full Arthur Oncken Lovejoy born Oct. 10, 1873, Berlin, Ger. died Dec. 30, 1962, Baltimore, Md., U.S. American philosopher best known for his work on the history of ideas and theory of knowledge. The son of … Universalium
Лавджой, Артур Онкен — Артур Онкен Лавджой англ. Arthur Oncken Lovejoy Дата рождения: 10 октября 1873(1873 10 10) Место рождения: Берлин Дата смерти … Википедия
Evolutionary ideas of the renaissance and enlightenment — developed as natural history became more sophisticated during the 17th and 18th centuries, and as the scientific revolution and the rise of mechanical philosophy encouraged viewing the natural world as a machine whose workings were subject to… … Wikipedia