Paleozoology, also spelled as palaeozoology (Greek: παλαιον, "paleon" = old and ζωον, "zoon" = animal), is the branch of
paleontologyor paleobiologydealing with the recovery and identification of multicellular animalremains from geological(or even archeological) contexts, and the use of these fossils in the reconstruction of prehistoricenvironments and ancient ecosystems.
Definitive, macroscopic remains of these metazoans are found in the
fossil recordfrom the Ediacaranperiod of the Neoproterozoicera onwards, although they do not become common until the Late Devonianperiod in the latter half of the Paleozoicera.
Perhaps the best known
macrofossils group is the dinosaurs. Other popularly known animal-derived macrofossils include trilobites, crustaceans, echinoderms, brachiopods, mollusks, bony fishes, sharks, Vertebrateteeth, and shells of numerous invertebrategroups. This is because hard organic parts, such as bones, teeth, and shells resist decay, and are the most commonly preserved and found animal fossils. Exclusively soft-bodied animals -- such as jellyfish, flatworms, nematodes, and insects -- are consequently rarely fossilized, as these groups do not produce hard organic parts.
History of invertebrate paleozoology
Animalia, taxonomic kingdom of
Index fossils -- a.k.a. guide fossils
Invertebrate paleontologycovers most animal phyla
Macrofossils -- easily visible fossil evidence
Metazoa-- animal kingdom
Microfossils -- microscopic fossil evidence
Paleobiology-- biology and paleontology
Trace fossils -- indirect evidence of prehistoric life
Vertebrate paleontologycovers the subphylum Vertebrata
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paleozoology — [spelling only] … English World dictionary
paleozoology — noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary Date: 1857 a branch of paleontology dealing with ancient and fossil animals • paleozoological adjective • paleozoologist noun … New Collegiate Dictionary
paleozoology — paleozoological /pay lee oh zoh euh loj i keuhl/ or, esp. Brit., /pal ee /, paleozoologic, adj. paleozoologist, n. /pay lee oh zoh ol euh jee/ or, esp. Brit., /pal ee /, n. the branch of paleontology dealing with fossil animals. [1855 60; PALEO + … Universalium
paleozoology — noun The branch of zoology dealing with fossils, and the creatures that were transformed into them … Wiktionary
paleozoology — pa·leo·zoology … English syllables
paleozoology — pa•le•o•zo•ol•o•gy [[t]ˌpeɪ li oʊ zoʊˈɒl ə dʒi[/t]] esp. brit. [[t]ˌpæl i [/t]] n. pal the branch of paleontology dealing with fossil animals • Etymology: 1855–60 pa le•o•zo o•log′i•cal ˌzoʊ əˈlɒdʒ ɪ kəl pa le•o•zo o•log′ic, adj … From formal English to slang
paleozoology — The study of prehistoric animals … Grandiloquent dictionary
paleozoology — noun the study of fossil animals • Syn: ↑palaeozoology • Hypernyms: ↑paleobiology, ↑palaeobiology, ↑zoology, ↑zoological science • Hyponyms: ↑paleomammalogy, ↑ … Useful english dictionary
History of invertebrate paleozoology — The history of invertebrate paleozoology (also spelled palaeozoology ) differs from the history of paleontology in that the former usually emphasizes paleobiology and the paleoecology of extinct marine invertebrates, while the latter typically… … Wikipedia
List of evolutionary biology topics — This is a list of topics in evolutionary biology and evolution. See also: List of biology topics, List of biochemistry topics, NOTOC A abiogenesis adaptation adaptive radiation allele allele frequency allopatric speciation altruism Archaeopteryx… … Wikipedia