 Cumrun Vafa

Cumrun Vafa
Born 1960
Tehran, IranNationality IranianAmerican Fields Physics Institutions Harvard University Alma mater MIT, Princeton University Doctoral advisor Edward Witten Notable awards Dirac Medal, Eisenbud Prize Cumrun Vafa (Persian: کامران وفا, pronounced [kɔːmˈrɔːn væˈfɔː]; born 1960 in Tehran, Iran) is an IranianAmerican leading string theorist from Harvard University where he started as a Harvard Junior Fellow. He is a recipient of the 2008 Dirac Medal.
Contents
Birth and education
Cumrun Vafa was born in Tehran, Iran in 1960. He graduated from Alborz High School and went to the US in 1977. He got his undergraduate degree from Massachusetts Institute of Technology with a double major in physics and mathematics. He received his Ph.D. from Princeton University in 1985 under the supervision of Edward Witten.^{[1]} He then became a junior fellow at Harvard, where he later got a junior faculty position. In 1989 he was offered a senior faculty position, and he has been there ever since. Currently, he is the Donner Professor of Science at Harvard University.^{[2]}
Research
Cumrun Vafa is a string theorist. His research is focused on the nature of quantum gravity and the relation between geometry and quantum field theories. He is known in the string theory community for his codiscovery, with Strominger, that the BekensteinHawking entropy of a black hole can be accounted for by solitonic states of superstring theory, and for expounding the relation between geometry and field theories that arise through string dualities (culminating in the GopakumarVafa conjecture). This topic has been known as "geometric engineering of quantum field theories". In 1997, he developed Ftheory.
He is also interested in understanding the underlying meaning of string dualities, as well as trying to apply superstring theory to some unsolved questions of elementary particle physics such as the hierarchy problem and the cosmological constant problem.
He has published numerous articles on topological string theories, and has written a paper with Andy Strominger about the microscopic origin of black hole entropy.
He is also a trustee of Network of Iranians for Knowledge and Innovation (NIKI).
See also
References
External links
Categories: 1960 births
 Alborz High School alumni
 American theoretical physicists
 Harvard University faculty
 Iranian theoretical physicists
 American people of Iranian descent
 Massachusetts Institute of Technology alumni
 Princeton University alumni
 String theorists
 Living people
 Fellows of the American Physical Society
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Cumrun Vafa — à Harvard Cumrun Vafa (en persan : کامران وفا, Kâmrân Vafâ) [kɔːmˈrɔːn væˈfɔː] (né en 1960, à Téhéran … Wikipédia en Français
Cumrun Vafa — in seinem Büro an der Harvard University Cumrun Vafa (persisch کامران وفا [kɔːmˈrɔːn væˈfɔː]; * 1. August 1960 in Teheran) ist ein … Deutsch Wikipedia
Vafa — Cumrun Vafa in seinem Büro an der Harvard University Cumrun Vafa (persisch کامران وفا [kɔːmˈrɔːn væˈfɔː]; * 1960 in Teheran) ist ein iranischer theoretischer Physike … Deutsch Wikipedia
VafaWitten theorem — In theoretical physics, the Vafa Witten theorem, named after Cumrun Vafa and Edward Witten, is a theorem that shows that vector like (i.e. those which transform as expected under reflections) global symmetries such as isospin and baryon number… … Wikipedia
Topological string theory — In theoretical physics, topological string theory is a simplified version of string theory. The operators in topological string theory represent the algebra of operators in the full string theory that preserve a certain amount of supersymmetry.… … Wikipedia
Mirror symmetry (string theory) — In physics and mathematics, mirror symmetry is a relation that can exist between two Calabi Yau manifolds. It happens, usually for two such six dimensional manifolds, that the shapes may look very different geometrically, but nevertheless they… … Wikipedia
Cosmic inflation — In physical cosmology, cosmic inflation is the idea that the universe passed through a phase of exponential expansion that was driven by a negative pressure vacuum energy density. [Liddle and Lyth (2000) and Mukhanov (2005) are recent cosmology… … Wikipedia
Science and technology in Iran — Science and technology in Iran, formerly known as Persia, have a history, like the country itself. Persia was a cradle of science in earlier times. Persian scientists contributed to the current understanding of nature, medicine, mathematics, and… … Wikipedia
Inventions in the modern Islamic world — [ Abdus Salam, the 1979 Nobel Prize in Physics recipient, include the electroweak interaction, electroweak symmetry breaking, magnetic photon, neutral current, preon, W and Z bosons, supergeometry, supermanifold, superspace and superfield.] This… … Wikipedia
Mtheory — For a generally accessible and less technical introduction to the topic, see Introduction to M theory. String theory … Wikipedia