Ksar-el-Kebir


Ksar-el-Kebir

Ksar el Kebir (Arabic, القصر الكبير) is a city in northwest of Morocco with 110.000 inhabitants, about 160 Km from Rabat, 32 Km from Larache and 110 Km from Tangier. The name of the city also known as Al Qasr al Kabir or Alcazarquivir in Spanish or Alcácer-Quibir in Portuguese. The name translates as "The big castle" in English. The city is located near by the Loukous river which makes Ksar el-Kebir one of Morocco's richest agricultural regions.

History

1st millennium BCE: Established as a Carthaginian colony, few centuries later it was transferred to the Romans.12th century: City walls are built by the command of the Almohads.1578: The Battle of the Three Kings is fought at the location of Ksar el-Kebir.17th century: Sultan Moulay Ismail destroys the city walls of Ksar el-Kebir, after being angered by a local chief.1911: Spain conquers Northern Morocco, and the town is rebuilt, and given a Spanish name, Alcazarquivir.1956: With Morocco's independence, Alcazarquivir is transferred from Spanish control, and renamed Ksar el-Kebir.

In 1578, King Sebastião of Portugal suffered a crushing defeat in the Battle_of_Alcácer_Quibir at the hands of the King Abd al-Malik of Morocco, which ended Portugal's ambitions to invade and Christianize the Maghreb. Both Kings died during the battle. The death of King Sebastião started the events which led to the temporary union of the crowns of Portugal and Spain under Philip II of Spain. Whereas the victory of King Abd al-Malik gave Morocco substantial strength and international prestige.

The city experienced a substantial growth with the settling of an important Spanish garrison in 1911 as a part of the Spanish Morocco Protectorate in Morocco. After Morocco's independence and the building of the Oued el Makhazine reservoir by King Hassan II to manage the Loukkos' river regime, the city has turned into an important regional agricultural distribution center.

External links

* [http://www.geocities.com/ceutaalrededores/Alcazarquivir.htm Page in Spanish about Alcazarquivir's Geography, History. With pictures.]
* [http://www.joujouka.net Master Musicians of Joujouka] Official site of the most famous local Sufi music group. Associated with Rolling Stones and Beat Generation


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ksar el-Kébir — القصر الكبير, Alcazarquivir, Alcácer Quibir El Ksar el Kébir …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ksar El-Kébir — القصر الكبير, Alcazarquivir, Alcácer Quibir El Ksar el Kébir …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ksar El Kébir — القصر الكبير, Alcazarquivir, Alcácer Quibir El Ksar el Kébir …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ksar el Kebir — Ksar el Kebir, s. Gurara …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ksar el-Kébir — (El ) (al Qasr al Kabîr) (en esp. Alcazarquivir) v. du Maroc (prov. de Tétouan); 73 540 hab. Marché agricole. En 1578 s y déroula la bataille des Trois Rois, où Al Mansur écrasa Sébastien de Portugal …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ksar-el-Kebir — 34.998888888889 5.902777777777825 Koordinaten: 35° 0′ N, 5° 54′ W …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ksar el Kebir — Original name in latin Ksar el Kebir Name in other language Alcazarquebir, Alcazarquivir, Alcazquivir, El Ksar El Kbir, El Ksar El Kebir, Ksar el Kebir State code MA Continent/City Africa/Casablanca longitude 35.00174 latitude 5.90534 altitude 17 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database


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