Nicholas Donin

Nicholas Donin (Nicolas Donin) of La Rochelle, a Jewish convert to Christianity in early thirteenth-century Paris, is known for his role in the 1240 Disputation of Paris, which resulted in a decree to publicly burn all available manuscripts of the Talmud.[1]

Contents

Excommunication

Donin was excommunicated from the ghetto of Paris by Rabbi Yechiel of Paris in the presence of the whole community and with the usual ceremonies. Having for ten years lived in the state of excommunication, though still clinging to Judaism, he was baptised into the Roman Catholic Church and joined the Franciscan Order. Some say, however, that he converted well before meeting Rabbi Yechiel of Paris. [2]

Crusader

Donin's first act of retaliation as a Franciscan was to stir up some Crusaders to the bloody persecutions in Brittany, Poitou, and Anjou, in which 3,000 Jews were killed, 500 accepting the alternative of baptism.

Disputations

Authority of Pope Gregory IX

In 1238 Donin went to Rome, presented himself before Pope Gregory IX, and denounced the Talmud. Thirty-five articles were drawn up, in which Donin stated his charges of virulent attacks on the Virginity of Mary and the divinity of Jesus.

The Pope was persuaded that the accusations were true and dispatched to the authorities of the Church, transcripts of the charges formulated by Donin, accompanied by an order to seize all copies of the Talmud and deposit them with the Dominicans and Franciscans. If an examination corroborated the charges of Donin, the scrolls were to be burned.

Authority of King Louis IX

This order was generally ignored, except in France, where the Jews were compelled under pain of death to surrender their Talmuds (March, 1240). Louis IX ordered four of the most distinguished rabbis of France -- Yechiel of Paris, Moses of Coucy, Judah of Melun, and Samuel ben Solomon of Château-Thierry—to answer Donin in a public debate. In vain, however, did the rabbis argue against the charges of blasphemy and immorality which were the main points of Donin's arraignment. The commission condemned the Talmud to be burned. In 1242, fire was set accordingly to twenty-four carriage loads (ten to twelve-thousand volumes) of written works.

References

  1. ^ James Carroll Constantine's sword: the church and the Jews : a history
  2. ^ Reading Medieval Religious Disputation: The 1240 "Debate" Between Rabbi Yehiel of Paris and Friar Nicholas Donin, Eisenberg, Saadya, R.

See also

  • Criticism of the Talmud

Bibliography


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • DONIN, NICHOLAS — (13th century), apostate to Christianity; of La Rochelle. A pupil of R. jehiel b. joseph of paris , whose yeshivah he attended, he was excommunicated by his teacher for his heretical (Karaite?) ideas and repudiation of the Oral Law. Turning… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Donin, Nicholas — (fl. 13th cent.)    French Franciscan monk. He was a pupil of Jehiel ben Joseph of Paris, who excommunicated him for his heretical ideas. He joined the Franciscan order and compiled a list of 35 accusations against the Talmud. He was the main… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Nikolaus Donin — Nikolaus Donin, auch Nikolaus von Rupella (geb. im 13. Jahrhundert, aus La Rochelle), war als jüdischer Apostat Verursacher des Pariser Talmudprozesses von 1240. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Literatur 3 Weblinks 4 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nicolás Donin — (Nicholas o Nicolas Donin) de La Rochelle, fue clérigo francés de la primera mitad del siglo XIII, converso al cristianismo procedente de la religión judía. Es principalmente conocido por su papel en la Disputa de París de 1240, que resultó en la …   Wikipedia Español

  • Talmud — Rabbinic Literature Talmudic literature Mishnah • Tosefta Jerusalem Talmud • Babylonian Talmud Minor tractates Halakhic Midrash Mekhilta de Rabbi Yishmael (Exodus) Mekhilta de Rabbi Shimon (Exodus) Sifra (Leviticus) Sifre (Numbers Deuteronomy) …   Wikipedia

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