Marcus Annaeus Lucanus


Marcus Annaeus Lucanus

Marcus Annaeus Lucanus (November 3, 39 AD – April 30, 65 AD), better known in English as Lucan, was a Roman poet, born in Corduba (modern-day Córdoba), in the Hispania Baetica. Despite his short life, he is regarded as one of the outstanding figures of the Silver Latin period. His youth and speed of composition set him apart from other poets.

Life

Two brief ancient biographies by Vacca and Suetonius, along with references in Tacitus's "Annals" and one of Statius's "Silvae", allow for the reconstruction of a modest biography. Lucan was the grandson of Seneca the Elder and grew up under the tutelage of his uncle Seneca the Younger. Born into a wealthy family, he studied rhetoric at Athens and was probably provided philosophical and Stoicist education by his uncle.Fact|date=March 2008

He found success under Nero, became one of the emperor's close friends and was rewarded with a quaestorship in advance of the legal age. In 60 AD, he won a prize for extemporizing "Orpheus" and "Laudes Neronis" at the quinquennial Neronia, and was again rewarded when the emperor appointed him to the augurate. During this time he circulated the first three books of his epic poem, "Pharsalia" (labelled "De Bello civili" in the manuscripts), which told the story of the civil war between Julius Caesar and Pompey.

At some point, a feud began between Nero and Lucan. Two very different accounts of the events have survived that both trivialize the feud. According to Tacitus, Nero became jealous of Lucan and forbade him to publish his poems. [Tacitus, "Annals" XV.49] According to Suetonius, Nero lost interest in Lucan and Lucan responded by writing insulting poems about Nero that Nero continued to ignore. [Suetonius, "Lives of the Poets" Life of Lucanus]

Other works, though, point to a more serious basis to the feud. Works by the grammarian Vacca and the poet Statius may support the claim that Lucan wrote insulting poems about Nero. Vacca mentions that one of Lucan's works was entitled "De Incendio Urbis" (On the Burning of the City). [Vacca, "Life of Lucanus"] Statius' ode to Lucan mentions that Lucan described the "unspeakable flames of the criminal tyrant roamed the heights of Remus." [Statius, "Silvae" II.vii] Additionally, the later books of "Pharsalia", namely Book IX, are anti-Imperial and pro-Republic. This criticism of Nero and office of the Emperor may have been the true cause of the ban.

Lucan later joined the 65 AD conspiracy of Gaius Calpurnius Piso against Nero. His treason discovered, he was obliged to commit suicide by opening a vein at the age of 25, but not before incriminating his mother, among others, in hopes of a pardon. According to Tacitus, as Lucan bled to death, "(he) recalled some poetry he had composed in which he had told the story of a wounded soldier dying a similar kind of death, and he recited the very lines. [Possibly "De Bello Civili" IV.516-7] These were his last words." [Tacitus, "Annals" XV.70]

His father was involved in the proscription but his mother escaped. Statius' poem about Lucan was addressed to his widow Polla Argentaria upon the occasion of his birthday during the reign of Domitian ("Silvae", ii.7, the "Genethliacon Lucani").

Works

According to Vacca and Statius, Lucan's works included:

Surviving work:
* "Pharsalia" (Civil War), on the war between Julius Caesar and Pompey

Often attributed to him (but to others as well):
* "Laus Pisonis" (Praise of Piso), a panegyric of a member of the Piso family

Lost works:
* "Catachthonion"
* "Iliacon" from the Trojan cycle
* "Epigrammata"
* "Adlocutio ad Pollam"
* "Silvae"
* "Saturnalia"
* "Medea"
* "Salticae Fabulae"
* "Laudes Neronis", a praise of Nero
* "Orpheus"
* "Prosa oratio in Octavium Sagittam"
* "Epistulae ex Campania"
* "De Incendio Urbis", on the Roman fire of 64, perhaps accusing Nero of arson

External links

*
* [http://www.intratext.com/Catalogo/Autori/AUT237.HTM Marcus Annaeus Lucanus] : text, concordances and frequency list

Notes

References

*1911


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Marcus Annaeus Lucanus — Über Lucans Aussehen ist nichts bekannt; diese Büste in seinem Geburtsort Córdoba ist daher ein Phantasieporträt Marcus Annaeus Lucanus (deutsch meist Lukan, seltener Lucan; * 3. November 39 n. Chr. in Córdoba; † 30. April 65 in Rom) war ein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Лукан Марк Анней (Marcus Annaeus Lucanus) — (39—65), римский поэт. Историческая поэма в 10 книгах «Фарсалия, или О гражданской войне» (между Цезарем и Помпеем) проникнута духом аристократической оппозиции имперскому режиму …   Большой Энциклопедический словарь

  • ЛУКÁН Марк Анней (Marcus Annaeus Lucanus) — Марк Анней (Marcus Annaeus Lucanus) (39–65), рим. поэт. Ист. поэма в 10 кн. Фарсалия, или О гражданской войне (между Цезарем и Помпеем) проникнута духом аристократич. оппозиции имп. режиму …   Биографический словарь

  • Annaeus — ist ein römischer Gentilname, dessen Herkunft nicht geklärt ist, aber mit inschriftlich belegten Nebenformen (Anneus, Anneius) in etruskische Richtung weist. Im Römischen Reich tritt der Name erstmals im 1. Jahrhundert v. Chr. auf und wird in der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lucanus — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Friedrich Lucanus (1793–1872), deutscher Apotheker, Kunstliebhaber und Restaurator Friedrich von Lucanus (1869–1947), deutscher Tierpsychologe und Autor Hermann von Lucanus (1831–1908), preußischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Annaeus — is an Ancient Roman nomina, and may refer to:* Junius Annaeus Gallio (1 65), Roman governor of Achaea * Lucius Annaeus Cornutus (1st century), Roman Stoic philosopher * Lucius Annaeus Seneca (circa 4 65), Roman dramatist * Marcus Annaeus Lucanus… …   Wikipedia

  • Lucanus — may refer to:*Marcus Annaeus Lucanus, Roman poet *Lucanus (genus), genus of beetles …   Wikipedia

  • Marcus Lucius Annaeus Seneca — Lucius (eventuell Marcus) Annaeus Seneca, auch Seneca der Ältere oder Seneca der Rhetor genannt (* ca. 54 v. Chr. in Córdoba; † ca. 39 n. Chr.) war ein römischer Rhetoriker und Schriftsteller. Er war Vater von Seneca dem Jüngeren und Lucius… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marcus Velleius Paterculus — Velleius Paterculus (* um 20 v. Chr., † nach 30) war ein römischer Historiker. Obwohl sein Vornamen von Priscian mit Marcus angegeben wird, identifizieren ihn manche modernen Gelehrten mit Gaius Velleius Paterculus, dessen Name in einer Inschrift …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lucanus — Lucanus,   Marcus Annaeus, römischer Dichter, Lukan.   …   Universal-Lexikon


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.